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Collection of utilities for Tesseract OCR training

Project description

Python tools for Tesseract OCR training

Training tools for Tesseract OCR.


Install using pip:

pip install pytesstrain

This will also install Python packages pytesseract (used for running Tesseract) and editdistance (used for calculation of error rates).

Getting started

This package contains tools for specific problems:

text2image is crashing (issue #1781 @ Tesseract OCR)

The text2image tool crashes, if text lines are too long. As stated in the issue above, rewrapping text lines to smaller length is the official workaround for this problem. For example, to reduce line length to 35 characters at most, run

rewrap corpus.txt corpus-35.txt 35

Creating dictionary data from corpus file

In case you do not have a dictionary file for the training language, you might want to create one from the corpus file. To create dictionary file for the language lang, run

create_dictdata -l lang -i corpus.txt -d ./langdata/lang

This tool creates following files:

  • lang.training_text (copy of the corpus file)
  • lang.wordlist (dictionary)
  • lang.word.bigrams (word bigrams)
  • lang.training_text.bigram_freqs (character bigram frequencies)
  • lang.training_text.unigram_freqs (character frequencies)

The file lang.wordlist.freq is usually created by training tools, such as and the likewise, so there is no need to create it with create_dictdata.

Language metrics

The tool language_metrics runs Tesseract OCR over images of random word sequences, which are created out of the supplied wordlist, and calculates median metrics (currently CER and WER) from the results. It enables you to assess the quality of your .traineddata file.

To calculate metrics for the language lang with fonts Arial and Courier using wordlist file lang.wordlist, run

language_metrics -l lang -w lang.wordlist --fonts Arial,Courier

Creating unicharambigs file

There are two tools in this package, which enable automatic creation of an unicharambigs file.

The first tool, collect_ambiguities, compares the recognised text with the reference text and extracts smallest possible differences as error and correction pairs, and stores them sorted by frequency of occurrence in a JSON file. You may look at the ambiguities by yourself before converting them to unicharambigs file with the second tool.

The second tool, json2unicharambigs, takes the intermediate JSON file and puts the ambiguities into the unicharambigs file. The resulting file has v2 format. You may limit the ambiguities, which go into the unicharambigs file, with additional command-line switches.

To create the file lang.unicharambigs for the language lang using wordlist file lang.wordlist, run

collect_ambiguities -l lang -w lang.wordlist --fonts Arial,Courier -o ambigs.json
json2unicharambigs --mode safe --mandatory_only ambigs.json lang.unicharambigs

Creating ground truth files

To help with training of Tesseract>=4, the tool create_ground_truth creates single-line ground truth files either from an input file or from a directory with .txt files (the tool searches for the latter ones recursively).

To create ground truth files from a directory corpora in the directory ground-truth, run

create_ground_truth --fonts Arial,Courier corpora ground-truth

API Reference

The main workhorse is the function pytesstrain.train.run_test. There is also a parallel version, pytesstrain.train.run_tests, which uses a pool of threads to run the former function on multiple processors simultaneously (using threads instead of processes for parallelisation is possible, because the run_test function starts processes itself and is thus I/O-bound).

The subpackage tesseract simply imports the package pytesseract. The subpackage text2image imitates the former one, but for the text2image tool instead of tesseract.

The subpackage metrics contains implementation of evaluation metrics, such as CER and WER. The subpackage utils has often-used, miscellaneous functions and the subpackage ambigs contains ambiguity processing functions.

Finally, the subpackage cli contains the console scripts.


Pytesstrain is released under Apache License 2.0.

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