Skip to main content

Pytest support for asyncio

Project description

https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/pytest-asyncio.svg https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-asyncio/workflows/CI/badge.svg https://codecov.io/gh/pytest-dev/pytest-asyncio/branch/master/graph/badge.svg Supported Python versions https://img.shields.io/badge/code%20style-black-000000.svg

pytest-asyncio is an Apache2 licensed library, written in Python, for testing asyncio code with pytest.

asyncio code is usually written in the form of coroutines, which makes it slightly more difficult to test using normal testing tools. pytest-asyncio provides useful fixtures and markers to make testing easier.

@pytest.mark.asyncio
async def test_some_asyncio_code():
    res = await library.do_something()
    assert b"expected result" == res

pytest-asyncio has been strongly influenced by pytest-tornado.

Features

  • fixtures for creating and injecting versions of the asyncio event loop
  • fixtures for injecting unused tcp/udp ports
  • pytest markers for treating tests as asyncio coroutines
  • easy testing with non-default event loops
  • support for async def fixtures and async generator fixtures
  • support auto mode to handle all async fixtures and tests automatically by asyncio; provide strict mode if a test suite should work with different async frameworks simultaneously, e.g. asyncio and trio.

Installation

To install pytest-asyncio, simply:

$ pip install pytest-asyncio

This is enough for pytest to pick up pytest-asyncio.

Modes

Starting from pytest-asyncio>=0.17, three modes are provided: auto, strict and legacy. Starting from pytest-asyncio>=0.19 the strict mode is the default.

The mode can be set by asyncio_mode configuration option in configuration file:

# pytest.ini
[pytest]
asyncio_mode = auto

The value can be overridden by command-line option for pytest invocation:

$ pytest tests --asyncio-mode=strict

Auto mode

When the mode is auto, all discovered async tests are considered asyncio-driven even if they have no @pytest.mark.asyncio marker.

All async fixtures are considered asyncio-driven as well, even if they are decorated with a regular @pytest.fixture decorator instead of dedicated @pytest_asyncio.fixture counterpart.

asyncio-driven means that tests and fixtures are executed by pytest-asyncio plugin.

This mode requires the simplest tests and fixtures configuration and is recommended for default usage unless the same project and its test suite should execute tests from different async frameworks, e.g. asyncio and trio. In this case, auto-handling can break tests designed for other framework; please use strict mode instead.

Strict mode

Strict mode enforces @pytest.mark.asyncio and @pytest_asyncio.fixture usage. Without these markers, tests and fixtures are not considered as asyncio-driven, other pytest plugin can handle them.

Please use this mode if multiple async frameworks should be combined in the same test suite.

This mode is used by default for the sake of project inter-compatibility.

Legacy mode

This mode follows rules used by pytest-asyncio<0.17: tests are not auto-marked but fixtures are.

Deprecation warnings are emitted with suggestion to either switching to auto mode or using strict mode with @pytest_asyncio.fixture decorators.

The default was changed to strict in pytest-asyncio>=0.19.

Fixtures

event_loop

Creates a new asyncio event loop based on the current event loop policy. The new loop is available as the return value of this fixture or via asyncio.get_running_loop. The event loop is closed when the fixture scope ends. The fixture scope defaults to function scope.

Note that just using the event_loop fixture won’t make your test function a coroutine. You’ll need to interact with the event loop directly, using methods like event_loop.run_until_complete. See the pytest.mark.asyncio marker for treating test functions like coroutines.

def test_http_client(event_loop):
    url = "http://httpbin.org/get"
    resp = event_loop.run_until_complete(http_client(url))
    assert b"HTTP/1.1 200 OK" in resp

The event_loop fixture can be overridden in any of the standard pytest locations, e.g. directly in the test file, or in conftest.py. This allows redefining the fixture scope, for example:

@pytest.fixture(scope="session")
def event_loop():
    policy = asyncio.get_event_loop_policy()
    loop = policy.new_event_loop()
    yield loop
    loop.close()

If you need to change the type of the event loop, prefer setting a custom event loop policy over redefining the event_loop fixture.

If the pytest.mark.asyncio marker is applied to a test function, the event_loop fixture will be requested automatically by the test function.

unused_tcp_port

Finds and yields a single unused TCP port on the localhost interface. Useful for binding temporary test servers.

unused_tcp_port_factory

A callable which returns a different unused TCP port each invocation. Useful when several unused TCP ports are required in a test.

def a_test(unused_tcp_port_factory):
    port1, port2 = unused_tcp_port_factory(), unused_tcp_port_factory()
    ...

unused_udp_port and unused_udp_port_factory

Work just like their TCP counterparts but return unused UDP ports.

Async fixtures

Asynchronous fixtures are defined just like ordinary pytest fixtures, except they should be decorated with @pytest_asyncio.fixture.

import pytest_asyncio


@pytest_asyncio.fixture
async def async_gen_fixture():
    await asyncio.sleep(0.1)
    yield "a value"


@pytest_asyncio.fixture(scope="module")
async def async_fixture():
    return await asyncio.sleep(0.1)

All scopes are supported, but if you use a non-function scope you will need to redefine the event_loop fixture to have the same or broader scope. Async fixtures need the event loop, and so must have the same or narrower scope than the event_loop fixture.

auto and legacy mode automatically converts async fixtures declared with the standard @pytest.fixture decorator to asyncio-driven versions.

Markers

pytest.mark.asyncio

Mark your test coroutine with this marker and pytest will execute it as an asyncio task using the event loop provided by the event_loop fixture. See the introductory section for an example.

The event loop used can be overridden by overriding the event_loop fixture (see above).

In order to make your test code a little more concise, the pytest pytestmark feature can be used to mark entire modules or classes with this marker. Only test coroutines will be affected (by default, coroutines prefixed by test_), so, for example, fixtures are safe to define.

import asyncio

import pytest

# All test coroutines will be treated as marked.
pytestmark = pytest.mark.asyncio


async def test_example(event_loop):
    """No marker!"""
    await asyncio.sleep(0, loop=event_loop)

In auto mode, the pytest.mark.asyncio marker can be omitted, the marker is added automatically to async test functions.

Note about unittest

Test classes subclassing the standard unittest library are not supported, users are recommended to use unittest.IsolatedAsyncioTestCase or an async framework such as asynctest.

Contributing

Contributions are very welcome. Tests can be run with tox, please ensure the coverage at least stays the same before you submit a pull request.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

pytest-asyncio-0.19.0.tar.gz (28.9 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

pytest_asyncio-0.19.0-py3-none-any.whl (14.7 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Huawei Huawei PSF Sponsor Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor NVIDIA NVIDIA PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page