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Blender Pytest plugin.

Project description

pytest-blender

PyPI Python versions License Tests Downloads

Pytest plugin for Blender testing. Executes your pytest testsuite with Blender in headless mode using its builtin Python interpreter.

Install

pip install pytest-blender

Documentation

Usage

Before execute it, you need to install your testing dependencies inside the builtin Blender Python interpreter. To get the interpreter location you can use the CLI utility pytest-blender, something like:

blender_python="$(pytest-blender)"
$blender_python -m ensurepip
$blender_python -m pip install -r test-requirements.txt

After installing dependencies, just call pytest as usually.

pytest -svv
Blender 2.82 (sub 7)
Read prefs: ~/.config/blender/2.82/config/userpref.blend
=================== test session starts ===================
platform linux -- Python 3.8.5, pytest-6.1.2, py-1.9.0, pluggy-0.13.1 -- /usr/bin/blender
cachedir: .pytest_cache
rootdir: /home/mondeja/files/code/pytest-blender
collected 1 item

tests/test_bpy_import.py::test_inside_blender <module 'bpy' from '/usr/share/blender/scripts/modules/bpy/__init__.py'>
PASSED
==================== 1 passed in 0.01s ====================

Reference

Configuration

All options can be passed as a CLI argument like --[option-name] or defined inside a configuration file.

blender-executable

Specify a custom blender executable location.

pytest --blender-executable ~/blender-2.91.2-linux64/blender
[pytest]
blender-executable = ~/blender-2.91.2-linux64/blender
Blender 2.91.2 (hash 5be9ef417703 built 2021-01-19 16:16:34)
Read prefs: ~/.config/blender/2.91/config/userpref.blend
found bundled python: ~/blender-2.91.2-linux64/2.91/python
=================== test session starts ===================
platform linux -- Python 3.7.7, pytest-6.2.2, py-1.10.0, pluggy-0.13.1
rootdir: ~/pytest-blender
collected 1 item

tests/test_bpy_import.py .                                                [100%]

==================== 1 passed in 0.00s ====================
blender-template

Load a custom startup .blend template.

pytest -svv --blender-template ~/.config/blender/2.93/config/startup.blend
[pytest]
blender-template = ~/.config/blender/2.93/config/startup.blend
addopts = -svv
blender-addons-dirs

Install addons inside Blender before executing the test suite. This allows you to easily test them.

By "addons" Blender understands Python scripts whose file names end with .py, .zip files for compressed packages with multiple modules or directories for Python packages which contain a __init__.py file. These must be located in the root of each directory passed to blender-addons-dirs.

For example, given the next directory tree:

📁 addons-dirs
├── 📁 private-addons
│   └── 📁 package_addon
│       ├── 📄 __init__.py 
│       └── 📄 main.py
|
└── 📁 public-addons
    ├── 📄 module_addon.py
    └── 📄 compressed_addon.zip
        ├── 📄 __init__.py 
        └── 📄 main.py

The next configurations will install the addons package_addon, module_addon and compressed_addon.

pytest tests --blender-addons-dirs addons-dirs/private-addons addons-dirs/public-addons
[pytest]
blender-addons-dirs =
    addons-dirs/private-addons
    addons-dirs/public-addons

You can also define a unique addons directory in configuration files defining it as a string:

[pytest]
blender-addons-dirs = addons-dirs/public-addons

If you need more complex setups see the fixtures install_addons_from_dir, disable_addons and uninstall_addons.

blender-addons-cleaning

Define the addons cleaning strategy to follow after executing your test suite. It only affects to the addons installed using blender-addons-dirs.

It accepts a string one of the next values:

  • uninstall (default): Uninstall the addons after executing the test suite.
  • disable: Just disable the addons in user preferences, but does not uninstall them.
  • keep: Keep the addons enabled. Useful if you want to manually review the addons or while you're developing.
pytest --blender-addons-cleaning disable
[pytest]
blender-addons-cleaning = disable
pytest-blender-debug

Show in STDOUT the command executed by pytest-blender executing your test suite.

pytest --pytest-blender-debug
[pytest]
pytest-blender-debug = true
[DEBUG (pytest-blender)] Running blender with: /usr/bin/blender -b --python /home/foo/files/code/pytest-blender/pytest_blender/run_pytest.py -- --pytest-blender-executable /usr/bin/blender -svv --rootdir=/tmp/tmpdsh0wnsf --strict-markers --strict-config -c /tmp/tmpdsh0wnsf/pytest.ini
Blender 2.82 (sub 7)
Read prefs: /home/foo/.config/blender/2.82/config/userpref.blend
=================== test session starts ===================
platform linux -- Python 3.8.10, pytest-7.0.1, pluggy-0.13.1 -- /usr/bin/blender
cachedir: .pytest_cache
rootdir: /tmp/tmpyio7hlc2, configfile: pytest.ini
plugins: cov-3.0.0, Faker-12.1.0
collecting ... collected 1 item

tests/test_foo.py::test_foo PASSED

==================== 1 passed in 0.09s ====================

Fixtures

# blender_executablestr

Returns the path of the executable that has started the current Blender session.

# blender_versionstr

Returns the version of Blender running in the current session.

# blender_python_executablestr

Returns the path of the Python executable builtin in the Blender release of the currently running session.

# blender_python_versionstr

Returns the version of the Python executable builtin in the Blender release of the currently running session.

# blender_addons_dirstr

Returns the scripts/addons directory of Blender (see Blender Directory Layout), the directory in which by default are located the addons installed using the install_addons_from_dir fixture.

It tries to get it using the BLENDER_USER_SCRIPTS environment variable, but if is not defined attempts to discover it from the PATH.

# install_addons_from_dir(addons_dir, addon_ids=None, save_userpref=True, default_set=True, persistent=True, quiet=True, **kwargs) ⇒ list

Function that installs and enables a set of addons which are located in a directory. By "addons" Blender understands Python scripts whose file names end with .py, .zip files for compressed packages with multiple modules or directories for Python packages which contain a __init__.py file.

This function is designed to be executed before the pytest session to install the addons that you want to test, using the others fixtures disable_addons or uninstall_addons to disable or remove them after the execution of the test suite:

import pytest

@pytest.fixture(scope="session", autouse=True)
def register_addons(install_addons_from_dir, disable_addons):
    addons_ids = install_addons_from_dir("src")
    yield
    disable_addons(addons_ids)
import pytest

@pytest.fixture(scope="session", autouse=True)
def register_addons(install_addons_from_dir, uninstall_addons):
    addons_ids = install_addons_from_dir("src")
    yield
    uninstall_addons(addons_ids)

The difference between disabling addons and uninstalling them is that disabling removes the files from the Blender's addons directory but disabling keep the files there, allowing you to enable it manually from the preferences.

  • addons_dir (str) Directory in whose root are located the files of the addons.
  • addons_ids (list) Identifiers of the addons modules, packages or ZIP files (without extensions) to install. If not defined (default) all Python modules, Python packages and ZIP files containing addon packages or modules located at the root of the addons_dir directory will be installed. These identifiers are either:
    • The name of the module for addons composed by a single file ([identifier].py).
    • The name of the directory for addons composed by a package.
    • The name of the ZIP file without extension for addons composed by a ZIP file ([identifier].zip).
  • save_userpref (bool) Save user preferences after installation calling bpy.ops.wm.save_userpref
  • default_set (bool) Set the user-preference calling addon_utils.enable.
  • persistent (bool) Ensure that the addon is enabled for the entire session, after loading new files.
  • quiet (bool) If enabled, don't show standard output produced installing addons.
  • **kwargs (dict) Subsecuent keyword arguments are passed to bpy.ops.preferences.addon_install.

Returns the addons identifiers as a list, ready to be passed to disable_addons or uninstall_addons.

# disable_addons(addons_ids, save_userpref=True, default_set=True, quiet=True, **kwargs)

Function that disables a set of addons by addons identifiers. Is designed to disable your addons after a pytest suite execution (check install_addons_from_dir for an example).

  • addons_ids (list) Identifiers of the addons modules as are returned by install_addons_from_dir.
  • save_userpref (bool) Save user preferences after installation.
  • default_set (bool) Set the user-preference calling addon_utils.disable.
  • quiet (bool) If enabled, don't show stdout produced disabling addons.
  • **kwargs (dict) Subsecuent keyword arguments are passed to addon_utils.disable.

# uninstall_addons(addons_ids, quiet=True)

Function that uninstall a set of addons by addon identifiers. Is designed to remove your addons from the Blender's addons directory after a pytest suite execution (check install_addons_from_dir for an example).

  • addons_ids (list) Name of the addons modules as is returned by install_addons_from_dir.
  • quiet (bool) If enabled, don't show stdout produced disabling addons.

Arguments propagation

When you call pytest, all options like --blender-executable are passed to the pytest suite running pytest-blender. If you want to pass arguments to blender in its headless execution, add a -- between pytest and blender arguments. For example:

pytest -svv --blender-executable ~/blender -- --debug

CI integration

You can use blender-downloader to download multiple versions of Blender in your CI and test against them. There is an example for Github Actions in the CI configuration of this repository:

jobs:
  test:
    name: Test
    runs-on: ${{ matrix.platform }}
    strategy:
      matrix:
        platform:
          - ubuntu-latest
          - macos-latest
        blender-version:
          - '3.1.2'
          - '2.93.9'
          - '2.83.9'
    steps:
      - uses: actions/checkout@v3
      - name: Set up Python v3.9
        uses: actions/setup-python@v3
        with:
          python-version: 3.9
      - name: Upgrade PIP
        run: python -m pip install --upgrade pip
      - name: Cache Blender ${{ matrix.blender-version }}
        uses: actions/cache@v3
        id: cache-blender
        with:
          path: |
            blender-*
            _blender-executable-path.txt
          key: ${{ runner.os }}-${{ matrix.blender-version }}
      - name: Download Blender ${{ matrix.blender-version }}
        if: steps.cache-blender.outputs.cache-hit != 'true'
        id: download-blender
        run: |
          python -m pip install --upgrade blender-downloader
          echo "$(blender-downloader \
          ${{ matrix.blender-version }} --extract --remove-compressed \
          --quiet --print-blender-executable)" > _blender-executable-path.txt
      - name: Install dependencies
        id: install-dependencies
        run: |
          python -m pip install .[test]
          blender_executable="$(< _blender-executable-path.txt tr -d '\n')"
          python_blender_executable="$(pytest-blender --blender-executable $blender_executable)"
          $python_blender_executable -m ensurepip
          $python_blender_executable -m pip install pytest
          echo "::set-output name=blender-executable::$blender_executable"
      - name: Test with pytest
        run: pytest -svv --blender-executable "${{ steps.install-dependencies.outputs.blender-executable }}" tests

Versions compatibility

  • Latest version that officially supports Python3.6 is v1.2.1.

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