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A py.test plugin providing fixtures to simplify inmanta modules testing.

Project description

pytest-inmanta

A pytest plugin to test inmanta modules

Installation

pip install pytest-inmanta

If you want to use pytest-inmanta to test a v2 module, make sure to install the module:

inmanta module install -e .

Usage

This plugin provides a test fixture that can compile, export and deploy code without running an actual inmanta server.

def test_compile(project):
    """
        Test compiling a simple model that uses std
    """
    project.compile("""
host = std::Host(name="server", os=std::linux)
file = std::ConfigFile(host=host, path="/tmp/test", content="1234")
        """)

The fixture also provides access to the model internals

    assert len(project.get_instances("std::Host")) == 1
    assert project.get_instances("std::Host")[0].name == "server"

To the exported resources

    f = project.get_resource("std::ConfigFile")
    assert f.permissions == 644

To compiler output and mock filesystem

def test_template(project):
    """
        Test the evaluation of a template
    """
    project.add_mock_file("templates", "test.tmpl", "{{ value }}")
    project.compile("""import unittest
value = "1234"
std::print(std::template("unittest/test.tmpl"))
    """)

    assert project.get_stdout() == "1234\n"

And allows deployment of specific resources

    project.deploy_resource("std::ConfigFile")

And dryrun

    changes = project.dryrun_resource("testmodule::Resource")
    assert changes == {"value": {'current': 'read', 'desired': 'write'}}

It is also possible to deploy all resources at once:

    results = project.deploy_all()
    results.assert_all(status=ResourceState.deployed)
    assert results.get_context_for("std::ConfigFile", path="/tmp/test").status == ResourceState.deployed

Testing functions and classes defined in a v1 module is also possible using the inmanta_plugins fixture. The fixture exposes inmanta modules as its attributes and imports them dynamically when accessed. For v2 modules, the recommended approach is to just use top-level imports instead of using the fixture.

    def test_example(inmanta_plugins):
        inmanta_plugins.testmodule.regular_function("example")

This dynamism is required because the compiler resets module imports when project.compile is called. As a result, if you store a module in a local variable, it will not survive a compilation. Therefore you are advised to access modules in the inmanta_plugins package in a fully qualified manner (using the fixture). The following example demonstrates this.

    def test_module_inequality(project, inmanta_plugins):
        cached_module = inmanta_plugins.testmodule
        assert cached_module is inmanta_plugins.testmodule

        project.compile("import testmodule")

        assert cached_module is not inmanta_plugins.testmodule

While you could import from the inmanta_plugins package directly, the fixture makes abstraction of module reloading. Without the fixture you would be required to reimport after project.compile.

Testing plugins

Take the following plugin as an example:

    # <module-name>/plugins/__init__.py

    from inmanta.plugins import plugin

    @plugin
    def hostname(fqdn: "string") -> "string":
        """
            Return the hostname part of the fqdn
        """
        return fqdn.split(".")[0]

A test case, to test this plugin looks like this:

    # <module-name>/tests/test_hostname.py

    def test_hostname(project):
        host = "test"
        fqdn = f"{host}.something.com"
        assert project.get_plugin_function("hostname")(fqdn) == host
  • Line 3: Creates a pytest test case, which requires the project fixture.
  • Line 6: Calls the function project.get_plugin_function(plugin_name: str): FunctionType, which returns the plugin function named plugin_name. As such, this line tests whether host is returned when the plugin function hostname is called with the parameter fqdn.

Advanced usage

Because pytest-inmanta keeps inmanta_plugins submodule objects alive to support top-level imports, any stateful modules (modules that keep state on global Python variables in the module's namespace) must define cleanup logic to reset state between compiles. Pytest-inmanta expects such cleanup functions to be synchronous functions that live in the top-level scope (defined on the module object, not in a class) of a inmanta_plugins submodule (of any depth). Their name should start with "inmanta_reset_state" and they should not take any parameters. For example:

    # <module-name>/plugins/state.py

    MY_STATE = set()

    def inmanta_reset_state() -> None:
        global MY_STATE
        MY_STATE = set()

Multiple cleanup functions may be defined, in which case no guaranteed call order is defined.

Options

The following options are available.

  • --venv: folder in which to place the virtual env for tests (will be shared by all tests), overrides INMANTA_TEST_ENV. This options depends on symlink support. This does not work on all windows versions. On windows 10 you need to run pytest in an admin shell. Using a fixed virtual environment can speed up running the tests.
  • --use-module-in-place: makes inmanta add the parent directory of your module directory to it's directory path, instead of copying your module to a temporary libs directory. It allows testing the current module against specific versions of dependent modules. Using this option can speed up the tests, because the module dependencies are not downloaded multiple times.
  • --module-repo: location to download modules from, overrides INMANTA_MODULE_REPO. The default value is the inmanta github organisation. For versions of inmanta-core that support v2 modules, the repo accepts the format "[<type>:]<url>" with "type" the repository type as defined in the project config documentation. If type is omitted, git is assumed. Multiple repos can be passed by space-separating them or by passing the parameter multiple times.
  • --install-mode: install mode to use for modules downloaded during this test, overrides INMANTA_INSTALL_MODE.
  • --no-load-plugins: Don't load plugins in the Project class. Overrides INMANTA_NO_LOAD_PLUGINS. When not using this option during the testing of plugins with the project.get_plugin_function method, it's possible that the module's plugin/__init__.py is loaded multiple times, which can cause issues when it has side effects, as they are executed multiple times as well.
  • --no-strict-deps-check: option to run pytest-inmanta using the legacy check(less strict) on requirements. By default the new strict will be used.

Use the generic pytest options --log-cli-level to show Inmanta logger to see any setup or cleanup warnings. For example, --log-cli-level=INFO

Compatibility with pytest-cov

The --use-module-in-place option should be set when pytest-inmanta is used in combination with the pytest-cov pytest plugin. Without the --use-module-in-place option, the reported test coverage will be incorrect.

Using the pytest option framework

The pytest-inmanta extension contains a framework to help create pytest options to use in your test suite or test extension. Options/parameters created with the framework will automatically be registered and picked up by pytest.

Each option can be set via cli argument or via environment variable. If both are set, the cli argument value takes precedence over the environment variable.

When creating a new option, pay attention to place it in a place that will always be loaded by pytest, e.g. the conftest.py file.

The different type of test parameters that can be used are shown here: pytest_inmanta/test_parameters. The currently supported types are:

You can of course add and use your own option type, as long as it extends the base class TestParameter properly.

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