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Python API and command line tool for talking to the Nest™ Thermostat

Project description

https://travis-ci.org/jkoelker/python-nest.svg?branch=master

Installation

[sudo] pip install python-nest

NOTE The 4.x version uses the streaming endpoint. To use the older polling/caching behavior pin your requirements to python-nest<4.0.

NOTE The 3.x version uses the Nest official api. As such, some functionality was removed as it is not available. To keep the old version and functionality, make sure to set your requirements to python-nest<3.0.

Nest Developer Account

You will need a Nest developer account, and a Product on the Nest developer portal to use this module:

  1. Visit Nest Developers, and sign in. Create an account if you don’t have one already.
  2. Fill in the account details:
  • The “Company Information” can be anything.
  1. Submit changes.
  2. Click “Products” at top of page.
  3. Click “Create New Product
  4. Fill in details:
  • Product name must be unique.
  • The description, users, urls can all be anything you want.
  1. For permissions, check every box and if it’s an option select the read/write option.
  • The description requires a specific format to be accepted.
  1. Click “Create Product”.
  2. Once the new product page opens the “Product ID” and “Product Secret” are located on the right side. These will be used as client_id and client_secret below.

Usage

Migrate to 4.x

The version 4.x uses Nest Stream API, so that you can get nearly real time status update of your Nest devices.

If you use python-nest as a command line tool:
You don’t need to change, but there is a new command line option --keep-alive you can give a try.
If you use python-nest in a poll loop, to query Nest device’s property in certain period, there are several noticeable changes:
  • The internal cache removed, the Structure and Device objects will always return their current state presented in Nest API.
  • A persistence HTTP connection will keep open for each Nest object. Therefore, please avoid to create more than one Nest object in your program.
  • Your poll query would not hit the API rate limit, you can increase your poll frequency.
If you want to change to Push mode:
You need to listen Nest.update_event. Please note, any data change in all of your structures an devices will set the update_event. You don’t know which field got update.
import nest

napi = nest.Nest(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret, access_token_cache_file=access_token_cache_file)
while napi.update_event.wait():
    napi.update_event.clear()
    # assume you have one Nest Camera
    print (napi.structures[0].cameras[0].motion_detected)
If you use asyncio:
You have to wrap update_event.wait() in an ThreadPoolExecutor, for example:
import asyncio
import nest

napi = nest.Nest(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret, access_token_cache_file=access_token_cache_file)
event_loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
try:
    event_loop.run_until_complete(nest_update(event_loop, napi))
finally:
    event_loop.close()

async def nest_update(loop, napi):
    with ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=1) as executor:
        while True:
            await loop.run_in_executor(executor, nest.update_event.wait)
            nest.update_event.clear()
            # assume you have one Nest Camera
            print (napi.structures[0].cameras[0].motion_detected)

Module

You can import the module as nest.

import nest
import sys

client_id = 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX'
client_secret = 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX'
access_token_cache_file = 'nest.json'

napi = nest.Nest(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret, access_token_cache_file=access_token_cache_file)

if napi.authorization_required:
    print('Go to ' + napi.authorize_url + ' to authorize, then enter PIN below')
    if sys.version_info[0] < 3:
        pin = raw_input("PIN: ")
    else:
        pin = input("PIN: ")
    napi.request_token(pin)

for structure in napi.structures:
    print ('Structure %s' % structure.name)
    print ('    Away: %s' % structure.away)
    print ('    Security State: %s' % structure.security_state)
    print ('    Devices:')
    for device in structure.thermostats:
        print ('        Device: %s' % device.name)
        print ('            Temp: %0.1f' % device.temperature)

# Access advanced structure properties:
for structure in napi.structures:
    print ('Structure   : %s' % structure.name)
    print (' Postal Code                    : %s' % structure.postal_code)
    print (' Country                        : %s' % structure.country_code)
    print (' num_thermostats                : %s' % structure.num_thermostats)

# Access advanced device properties:
    for device in structure.thermostats:
        print ('        Device: %s' % device.name)
        print ('        Where: %s' % device.where)
        print ('            Mode       : %s' % device.mode)
        print ('            HVAC State : %s' % device.hvac_state)
        print ('            Fan        : %s' % device.fan)
        print ('            Fan Timer  : %i' % device.fan_timer)
        print ('            Temp       : %0.1fC' % device.temperature)
        print ('            Humidity   : %0.1f%%' % device.humidity)
        print ('            Target     : %0.1fC' % device.target)
        print ('            Eco High   : %0.1fC' % device.eco_temperature.high)
        print ('            Eco Low    : %0.1fC' % device.eco_temperature.low)
        print ('            hvac_emer_heat_state  : %s' % device.is_using_emergency_heat)
        print ('            online                : %s' % device.online)

# The Nest object can also be used as a context manager
# It is only for demo purpose, please do not create more than one Nest object in your program especially after 4.0 release
with nest.Nest(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret, access_token_cache_file=access_token_cache_file) as napi:
    for device in napi.thermostats:
        device.temperature = 23

# Nest products can be updated to include other permissions. Before you
# can access them with the API, a user has to authorize again. To handle this
# and detect when re-authorization is required, pass in a product_version
client_id = 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX'
client_secret = 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX'
access_token_cache_file = 'nest.json'
product_version = 1337

# It is only for demo purpose, please do not create more than one Nest object in your program especially after 4.0 release
napi = nest.Nest(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret, access_token_cache_file=access_token_cache_file, product_version=product_version)

print("Never Authorized: %s" % napi.never_authorized)
print("Invalid Token: %s" % napi.invalid_access_token)
print("Client Version out of date: %s" % napi.client_version_out_of_date)
if napi.authorization_required is None:
    print('Go to ' + napi.authorize_url + ' to authorize, then enter PIN below')
    pin = input("PIN: ")
    napi.request_token(pin)


# NOTE: By default all datetime objects are timezone unaware (UTC)
#       By passing ``local_time=True`` to the ``Nest`` object datetime objects
#       will be converted to the timezone reported by nest. If the ``pytz``
#       module is installed those timezone objects are used, else one is
#       synthesized from the nest data
napi = nest.Nest(username, password, local_time=True)
print napi.structures[0].weather.current.datetime.tzinfo

In the API, all temperature values are reported and set in the temperature scale the device is set to (as determined by the device.temperature_scale property).

Helper functions for conversion are in the utils module:

from nest import utils as nest_utils
temp = 23.5
fahrenheit = nest_utils.c_to_f(temp)
temp == nest_utils.f_to_c(fahrenheit)

The utils function use decimal.Decimal to ensure precision.

Command line

usage: nest [-h] [--conf FILE] [--token-cache TOKEN_CACHE_FILE] [-t TOKEN]
            [--client-id ID] [--client-secret SECRET] [-k] [-c] [-s SERIAL]
            [-S STRUCTURE] [-i INDEX] [-v]
            {temp,fan,mode,away,target,humid,target_hum,show,camera-show,camera-streaming,protect-show}
            ...

Command line interface to Nest™ Thermostats

positional arguments:
  {temp,fan,mode,away,target,humid,target_hum,show,camera-show,camera-streaming,protect-show}
                        command help
    temp                show/set temperature
    fan                 set fan "on" or "auto"
    mode                show/set current mode
    away                show/set current away status
    target              show current temp target
    humid               show current humidity
    target_hum          show/set target humidty
    show                show everything
    camera-show         show everything (for cameras)
    camera-streaming    show/set camera streaming
    protect-show        show everything (for Nest Protect)

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --conf FILE           config file (default ~/.config/nest/config)
  --token-cache TOKEN_CACHE_FILE
                        auth access token cache file
  -t TOKEN, --token TOKEN
                        auth access token
  --client-id ID        product id on developer.nest.com
  --client-secret SECRET
                        product secret for nest.com
  -k, --keep-alive      keep showing update received from stream API in show
                        and camera-show commands
  -c, --celsius         use celsius instead of farenheit
  -s SERIAL, --serial SERIAL
                        optional, specify serial number of nest thermostat to
                        talk to
  -S STRUCTURE, --structure STRUCTURE
                        optional, specify structure name toscope device
                        actions
  -i INDEX, --index INDEX
                        optional, specify index number of nest to talk to
  -v, --verbose         showing verbose logging

examples:
    # If your nest is not in range mode
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET temp 73
    # If your nest is in range mode
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET temp 66 73

    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET fan --auto
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET target_hum 35

    # nestcam examples
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET camera-show
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET camera-streaming --enable-camera-streaming

    # Stream API example
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET --keep-alive show
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET --keep-alive camera-show

    # Set ETA 5 minutes from now
    nest --conf myconfig --client-id CLIENTID --client-secret SECRET away --away --eta 5

A configuration file must be specified and used for the credentials to communicate with the NEST Thermostat initially. Once completed and a token is generated, if you’re using the default location for the token, the command line option will read from it automatically.

[NEST]
client-id = your_client_id
client-secret = your_client_secret
token_cache = ~/.config/nest/token_cache

The [NEST] section may also be named [nest] for convenience. Do not use [DEFAULT] as it cannot be read

History

This module was originally a fork of nest_thermostat which was a fork of pynest

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