PIDFile context manager.
Python context manager for managing pid files. Example usage:
import pidfile import time print('Starting process') try: with pidfile.PIDFile("/var/run/example.pid"): print('Process started') time.sleep(30) except pidfile.AlreadyRunningError: print('Already running.') print('Exiting')
The context manager will take care of verifying the existence of a pid file, check its pid to see if it’s alive, check the command line (which should be <something>/<python name>), and if all the conditions are met, rise a pidfile.AlreadyRunningError exception.
PIDFile() defaults to pidfile for the file name, but it’s possible to specify another, e.g. PIDFile(‘foobar.pid’).
Under the hood
The algorithm of the library is very simple, at startup, a file is created, and after checking that another instance of the program is not running, the current process ID is written to it.
The check works as follows:
If the file does not exist, then the check is passed.
An identifier is written in the file, it is read and checked that a process running with such an identifier exists, and has the same command line.
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