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Generate and manipulate Open XML PowerPoint (.pptx) files

Project description

python-pptx is a Python library for creating, reading, and updating PowerPoint (.pptx) files.

A typical use would be generating a PowerPoint presentation from dynamic content such as a database query, analytics output, or a JSON payload, perhaps in response to an HTTP request and downloading the generated PPTX file in response. It runs on any Python capable platform, including macOS and Linux, and does not require the PowerPoint application to be installed or licensed.

It can also be used to analyze PowerPoint files from a corpus, perhaps to extract search indexing text and images.

In can also be used to simply automate the production of a slide or two that would be tedious to get right by hand, which is how this all got started.

More information is available in the python-pptx documentation.

Browse examples with screenshots to get a quick idea what you can do with python-pptx.

Release History

0.6.23 (2023-11-02)

  • fix: #912 Pillow<=9.5 constraint entails security vulnerability

0.6.22 (2023-08-28)

  • Add #909 Add imgW, imgH params to shapes.add_ole_object()

  • fix: #754 _Relationships.items() raises

  • fix: #758 quote in autoshape name must be escaped

  • fix: #746 update Python 3.x support in docs

  • fix: #748 setup’s license should be short string

  • fix: #762 AttributeError: module ‘collections’ has no attribute ‘abc’

    (Windows Python 3.10+)

0.6.21 (2021-09-20)

  • Fix #741 _DirPkgReader must implement .__contains__()

0.6.20 (2021-09-14)

  • Fix #206 accommodate NULL target-references in relationships.

  • Fix #223 escape image filename that appears as literal in XML.

  • Fix #517 option to display chart categories/values in reverse order.

  • Major refactoring of ancient package loading code.

0.6.19 (2021-05-17)

  • Add shapes.add_ole_object(), allowing arbitrary Excel or other binary file to be embedded as a shape on a slide. The OLE object is represented as an icon.

0.6.18 (2019-05-02)

  • .text property getters encode line-break as a vertical-tab (VT, ‘v’, ASCII 11/x0B). This is consistent with PowerPoint’s copy/paste behavior and allows like-breaks (soft carriage-return) to be distinguished from paragraph boundary. Previously, a line-break was encoded as a newline (’n’) and was not distinguishable from a paragraph boundary.

    .text properties include Shape.text, _Cell.text, TextFrame.text, _Paragraph.text and _Run.text.

  • .text property setters accept vertical-tab character and place a line-break element in that location. All other control characters other than horizontal-tab (’t’) and newline (’n’) in range x00-x1F are accepted and escaped with plain-text like “_x001B” for ESC (ASCII 27).

    Previously a control character other than tab or newline in an assigned string would trigger an exception related to invalid XML character.

0.6.17 (2018-12-16)

  • Add SlideLayouts.remove() - Delete unused slide-layout

  • Add SlideLayout.used_by_slides - Get slides based on this slide-layout

  • Add SlideLayouts.index() - Get index of slide-layout in master

  • Add SlideLayouts.get_by_name() - Get slide-layout by its str name

0.6.16 (2018-11-09)

  • Feature #395 DataLabels.show_* properties, e.g. .show_percentage

  • Feature #453 Chart data tolerates None for labels

0.6.15 (2018-09-24)

  • Fix #436 ValueAxis._cross_xAx fails on c:dateAxis

0.6.14 (2018-09-24)

  • Add _Cell.merge()

  • Add _Cell.split()

  • Add _Cell.__eq__()

  • Add _Cell.is_merge_origin

  • Add _Cell.is_spanned

  • Add _Cell.span_height

  • Add _Cell.span_width

  • Add _Cell.text getter

  • Add Table.iter_cells()

  • Move pptx.shapes.table module to pptx.table

  • Add user documentation ‘Working with tables’

0.6.13 (2018-09-10)

  • Add Chart.font

  • Fix #293 Can’t hide title of single-series Chart

  • Fix shape.width value is not type Emu

  • Fix add a:defRPr with c:rich (fixes some font inheritance breakage)

0.6.12 (2018-08-11)

  • Add Picture.auto_shape_type

  • Remove Python 2.6 testing from build

  • Update dependencies to avoid vulnerable Pillow version

  • Fix #260, #301, #382, #401

  • Add _Paragraph.add_line_break()

  • Add Connector.line

0.6.11 (2018-07-25)

  • Add gradient fill.

  • Add experimental “turbo-add” option for producing large shape-count slides.

0.6.10 (2018-06-11)

  • Add shape.shadow property to autoshape, connector, picture, and group shape, returning a ShadowFormat object.

  • Add ShadowFormat object with read/write (boolean) .inherit property.

  • Fix #328 add support for 26+ series in a chart

0.6.9 (2018-05-08)

  • Add Picture.crop_x setters, allowing picture cropping values to be set, in addition to interrogated.

  • Add Slide.background and SlideMaster.background, allowing the background fill to be set for an individual slide or for all slides based on a slide master.

  • Add option shapes parameter to Shapes.add_group_shape, allowing a group shape to be formed from a number of existing shapes.

  • Improve efficiency of Shapes._next_shape_id property to improve performance on high shape-count slides.

0.6.8 (2018-04-18)

  • Add GroupShape, providing properties specific to a group shape, including its shapes property.

  • Add GroupShapes, providing access to shapes contained in a group shape.

  • Add SlideShapes.add_group_shape(), allowing a group shape to be added to a slide.

  • Add GroupShapes.add_group_shape(), allowing a group shape to be added to a group shape, enabling recursive, multi-level groups.

  • Add support for adding jump-to-named-slide behavior to shape and run hyperlinks.

0.6.7 (2017-10-30)

  • Add SlideShapes.build_freeform(), allowing freeform shapes (such as maps) to be specified and added to a slide.

  • Add support for patterned fills.

  • Add LineFormat.dash_style to allow interrogation and setting of dashed line styles.

0.6.6 (2017-06-17)

  • Add SlideShapes.add_movie(), allowing video media to be added to a slide.

  • fix #190 Accommodate non-conforming part names having ‘00’ index segment.

  • fix #273 Accommodate non-conforming part names having no index segment.

  • fix #277 ASCII/Unicode error on non-ASCII multi-level category names

  • fix #279 warning appearing on placeholder access.

0.6.5 (2017-03-21)

  • #267 compensate for non-conforming PowerPoint behavior on c:overlay element

  • compensate for non-conforming (to spec) PowerPoint behavior related to c:dLbl/c:tx that results in “can’t save” error when explicit data labels are added to bubbles on a bubble chart.

0.6.4 (2017-03-17)

  • add Chart.chart_title and ChartTitle object

  • #263 Use Number type to test for numeric category

0.6.3 (2017-02-28)

  • add DataLabel.font

  • add Axis.axis_title

0.6.2 (2017-01-03)

  • add support for NotesSlide (slide notes, aka. notes page)

  • add support for arbitrary series ordering in XML

  • add Plot.categories providing access to hierarchical categories in an existing chart.

  • add support for date axes on category charts, including writing a dateAx element for the category axis when ChartData categories are date or datetime.


Some changes were made to the boilerplate XML used to create new charts. This was done to more closely adhere to the settings PowerPoint uses when creating a chart using the UI. This may result in some appearance changes in charts after upgrading. In particular:

  • Chart.has_legend now defaults to True for Line charts.

  • Plot.vary_by_categories now defaults to False for Line charts.

0.6.1 (2016-10-09)

  • add Connector shape type

0.6.0 (2016-08-18)

  • add XY chart types

  • add Bubble chart types

  • add Radar chart types

  • add Area chart types

  • add Doughnut chart types

  • add Series.points and Point

  • add Point.data_label

  • add DataLabel.text_frame

  • add DataLabel.position

  • add Axis.major_gridlines

  • add ChartFormat with .fill and .line

  • add Axis.format (fill and line formatting)

  • add ValueAxis.crosses and .crosses_at

  • add Point.format (fill and line formatting)

  • add Slide.slide_id

  • add Slides.get() (by slide id)

  • add Font.language_id

  • support blank (None) data points in created charts

  • add Series.marker

  • add Point.marker

  • add Marker.format, .style, and .size

0.5.8 (2015-11-27)

  • add Shape.click_action (hyperlink on shape)

  • fix: #128 Chart cat and ser names not escaped

  • fix: #153 shapes.title raises on no title shape

  • fix: #170 remove seek(0) from Image.from_file()

0.5.7 (2015-01-17)

  • add PicturePlaceholder with .insert_picture() method

  • add TablePlaceholder with .insert_table() method

  • add ChartPlaceholder with .insert_chart() method

  • add Picture.image property, returning Image object

  • add Picture.crop_left, .crop_top, .crop_right, and .crop_bottom

  • add Shape.placeholder_format and PlaceholderFormat object


Shape.shape_type is now unconditionally MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.PLACEHOLDER for all placeholder shapes. Previously, some placeholder shapes reported MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.AUTO_SHAPE, MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.CHART, MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.PICTURE, or MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.TABLE for that property.

0.5.6 (2014-12-06)

  • fix #138 - UnicodeDecodeError in on Windows 7 Python 3.4

0.5.5 (2014-11-17)

  • feature #51 - add Python 3 support

0.5.4 (2014-11-15)

  • feature #43 - image native size in shapes.add_picture() is now calculated based on DPI attribute in image file, if present, defaulting to 72 dpi.

  • feature #113 - Add Paragraph.space_before, Paragraph.space_after, and Paragraph.line_spacing

0.5.3 (2014-11-09)

  • add experimental feature TextFrame.fit_text()

0.5.2 (2014-10-26)

  • fix #127 - Shape.text_frame fails on shape having no txBody

0.5.1 (2014-09-22)

  • feature #120 - add Shape.rotation

  • feature #97 - add Font.underline

  • issue #117 - add BMP image support

  • issue #95 - add setter

  • issue #107 - all .text properties should return unicode, not str

  • feature #106 - add .text getters to Shape, TextFrame, and Paragraph

  • Rename Shape.textframe to Shape.text_frame. Shape.textframe property (by that name) is deprecated.

0.5.0 (2014-09-13)

  • Add support for creating and manipulating bar, column, line, and pie charts

  • Major refactoring of XML layer (oxml)

  • Rationalized graphical object shape access Note backward incompatibilities below


A table is no longer treated as a shape. Rather it is a graphical object contained in a GraphicFrame shape, as are Chart and SmartArt objects.


table = shapes.add_table(...)

# becomes

graphic_frame = shapes.add_table(...)
table = graphic_frame.table

# or

table = shapes.add_table(...).table

As the enclosing shape, the id, name, shape type, position, and size are attributes of the enclosing GraphicFrame object.

The contents of a GraphicFrame shape can be identified using three available properties on a shape: has_table, has_chart, and has_smart_art. The enclosed graphical object is obtained using the properties GraphicFrame.table and GraphicFrame.chart. SmartArt is not yet supported. Accessing one of these properties on a GraphicFrame not containing the corresponding object raises an exception.

0.4.2 (2014-04-29)

  • fix: issue #88 – raises on supported image file having uppercase extension

  • fix: issue #89 – raises on add_slide() where non-contiguous existing ids

0.4.1 (2014-04-29)

  • Rename Presentation.slidemasters to Presentation.slide_masters. Presentation.slidemasters property is deprecated.

  • Rename Presentation.slidelayouts to Presentation.slide_layouts. Presentation.slidelayouts property is deprecated.

  • Rename SlideMaster.slidelayouts to SlideMaster.slide_layouts. SlideMaster.slidelayouts property is deprecated.

  • Rename SlideLayout.slidemaster to SlideLayout.slide_master. SlideLayout.slidemaster property is deprecated.

  • Rename Slide.slidelayout to Slide.slide_layout. Slide.slidelayout property is deprecated.

  • Add SlideMaster.shapes to access shapes on slide master.

  • Add SlideMaster.placeholders to access placeholder shapes on slide master.

  • Add _MasterPlaceholder class.

  • Add _LayoutPlaceholder class with position and size inheritable from master placeholder.

  • Add _SlidePlaceholder class with position and size inheritable from layout placeholder.

  • Add Table.left, top, width, and height read/write properties.

  • Add rudimentary GroupShape with left, top, width, and height properties.

  • Add rudimentary Connector with left, top, width, and height properties.

  • Add TextFrame.auto_size property.

  • Add Presentation.slide_width and .slide_height read/write properties.

  • Add LineFormat class providing access to read and change line color and width.

  • Add AutoShape.line

  • Add Picture.line

  • Rationalize enumerations. Note backward incompatibilities below


The following enumerations were moved/renamed during the rationalization of enumerations:

  • pptx.enum.MSO_COLOR_TYPE –> pptx.enum.dml.MSO_COLOR_TYPE

  • pptx.enum.MSO_FILL –> pptx.enum.dml.MSO_FILL

  • pptx.enum.MSO_THEME_COLOR –> pptx.enum.dml.MSO_THEME_COLOR

  • pptx.constants.MSO.ANCHOR_* –> pptx.enum.text.MSO_ANCHOR.*

  • pptx.constants.MSO_SHAPE –> pptx.enum.shapes.MSO_SHAPE

  • pptx.constants.PP.ALIGN_* –> pptx.enum.text.PP_ALIGN.*

  • pptx.constants.MSO.{SHAPE_TYPES} –> pptx.enum.shapes.MSO_SHAPE_TYPE.*

Documentation for all enumerations is available in the Enumerations section of the User Guide.

0.3.2 (2014-02-07)

  • Hotfix: issue #80 generated presentations fail to load in Keynote and other Apple applications

0.3.1 (2014-01-10)

  • Hotfix: failed to load certain presentations containing images with uppercase extension

0.3.0 (2013-12-12)

  • Add read/write font color property supporting RGB, theme color, and inherit color types

  • Add font typeface and italic support

  • Add text frame margins and word-wrap

  • Add support for external relationships, e.g. linked spreadsheet

  • Add hyperlink support for text run in shape and table cell

  • Add fill color and brightness for shape and table cell, fill can also be set to transparent (no fill)

  • Add read/write position and size properties to shape and picture

  • Replace PIL dependency with Pillow

  • Restructure modules to better suit size of library

0.2.6 (2013-06-22)

  • Add read/write access to core document properties

  • Hotfix to accomodate connector shapes in _AutoShapeType

  • Hotfix to allow customXml parts to load when present

0.2.5 (2013-06-11)

  • Add paragraph alignment property (left, right, centered, etc.)

  • Add vertical alignment within table cell (top, middle, bottom)

  • Add table cell margin properties

  • Add table boolean properties: first column (row header), first row (column headings), last row (for e.g. totals row), last column (for e.g. row totals), horizontal banding, and vertical banding.

  • Add support for auto shape adjustment values, e.g. change radius of corner rounding on rounded rectangle, position of callout arrow, etc.

0.2.4 (2013-05-16)

  • Add support for auto shapes (e.g. polygons, flowchart symbols, etc.)

0.2.3 (2013-05-05)

  • Add support for table shapes

  • Add indentation support to textbox shapes, enabling multi-level bullets on bullet slides.

0.2.2 (2013-03-25)

  • Add support for opening and saving a presentation from/to a file-like object.

  • Refactor XML handling to use lxml objectify

0.2.1 (2013-02-25)

  • Add support for Python 2.6

  • Add images from a stream (e.g. StringIO) in addition to a path, allowing images retrieved from a database or network resource to be inserted without saving first.

  • Expand text methods to accept unicode and UTF-8 encoded 8-bit strings.

  • Fix potential install bug triggered by importing __version__ from package file.

0.2.0 (2013-02-10)

First non-alpha release with basic capabilities:

  • open presentation/template or use built-in default template

  • add slide

  • set placeholder text (e.g. bullet slides)

  • add picture

  • add text box

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