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ThingsDB Connector

Project description

Python connector and ORM for ThingsDB

This library requires Python 3.6 or higher.



Installation

Just use pip:

pip install python-thingsdb

Or, clone the project and use setup.py:

python setup.py install

Quick usage

import asyncio
from thingsdb.client import Client

async def hello_world():
    client = Client()

    # replace `localhost` with your ThingsDB server address
    await client.connect('localhost')

    try:
        # replace `admin` and `pass` with your username and password
        # or use a valid token string
        await client.authenticate('admin', 'pass')

        # perform the hello world code...
        print(await client.query('''
            "Hello World!";
        ''')

    finally:
        # the will close the client in a nice way
        client.close()
        await client.wait_closed()

# run the hello world example
asyncio.get_event_loop().run_until_complete(hello_world())

Client module

This is an client using asyncio which can be used for running queries to ThingsDB.

Client()

thingsdb.client.Client(
    auto_reconnect: bool = True,
    ssl: Optional[Union[bool, ssl.SSLContext]] = None,
    loop: Optional[asyncio.AbstractEventLoop] = None
) -> Client

Initialize a ThingsDB client

Args

  • auto_reconnect (bool, optional): When set to True, the client will automatically reconnect when a connection is lost. If set to False and the connection gets lost, one may call the reconnect() method to make a new connection. The auto-reconnect option can act on node changes and does so automatically if the connected user has the required WATCH privileges on the @node scope. Defaults to True.
  • ssl (SSLContext or bool, optional): Accepts an ssl.SSLContext for creating a secure connection using SSL/TLS. This argument may simply be set to True in which case a context using ssl.PROTOCOL_TLS is created. Defaults to None.
  • loop (AbstractEventLoop, optional): Can be used to run the client on a specific event loop. If this argument is not used, the default event loop will be used. Defaults to None.

authenticate

async Client().authenticate(
    *auth: Union[str, tuple],
    timeout: Optional[int] = 5
) -> None

Authenticate a ThingsDB connection.

Args

  • *auth (str or (str, str)): Argument auth can be be either a string with a token or a tuple with username and password. (the latter may be provided as two separate arguments
  • timeout (int, optional): Can be be used to control the maximum time in seconds for the client to wait for response on the authentication request. The timeout may be set to None in which case the client will wait forever on a response. Defaults to 5.

add_event_handler

Client().add_event_handler(event_handler: Events) -> None

Add an event handler.

Event handlers will called in the order they are added.

Args

  • event_handler (Events): An instance of Events (see thingsdb.client.abc.events).

close

Client().close() -> None

Close the ThingsDB connection.

This method will return immediately so the connection may not be closed yet after a call to close(). Use the wait_closed() method after calling this method if this is required.

connect

Client().connect(
    host: str,
    port: int = 9200,
    timeout: Optional[int] = 5
) -> asyncio.Future

Connect to ThingsDB.

This method will only create a connection, so the connection is not authenticated yet. Use the authenticate(..) method after creating a connection before using the connection.

Args

  • host (str): A hostname, IP address, FQDN to connect to.
  • port (int, optional): Integer value between 0 and 65535 and should be the port number where a ThingsDB node is listening to for client connections. Defaults to 9200.
  • timeout (int, optional): Can be be used to control the maximum time the client will attempt to create a connection. The timeout may be set to None in which case the client will wait forever on a response. Defaults to 5.

Returns

Future which should be awaited. The result of the future will be set to None when successful.

Do not use this method if the client is already connected. This can be checked with client.is_connected().

connect_pool

Client().connect_pool(
    pool: list,
    *auth: Union[str, tuple]
) -> asyncio.Future

Connect using a connection pool.

When using a connection pool, the client will randomly choose a node to connect to. When a node is going down, it will inform the client so it will automatically re-connect to another node. Connections will automatically authenticate so the connection pool requires credentials to perform the authentication.

Examples

await connect_pool([
    'node01.local',             # address as string
    'node02.local',             # port will default to 9200
    ('node03.local', 9201),     # ..or with an explicit port
], "admin", "pass")

Args

  • pool (list of addresses): Should be an iterable with node address strings, or tuples with address and port combinations in a tuple or list.
  • *auth (str or (str, str)): Argument auth can be be either a string with a token or a tuple with username and password. (the latter may be provided as two separate arguments

Returns

Future which should be awaited. The result of the future will be set to None when successful.

Do not use this method if the client is already connected. This can be checked with client.is_connected().

get_default_scope

Client().get_default_scope() -> str

Get the default scope.

The default scope may be changed with the set_default_scope() method.

Returns

The default scope which is used by the client when no specific scope is specified.

get_event_loop

Client().get_event_loop() -> asyncio.AbstractEventLoop

Can be used to get the event loop.

Returns

The event loop used by the client.

is_connected

Client().is_connected() -> bool

Can be used to check if the client is connected.

Returns

True when the client is connected else False.

query

Client().query(
        code: str,
        scope: Optional[str] = None,
        timeout: Optional[int] = None,
        convert_vars: bool = True,
        **kwargs: Any
) -> asyncio.Future

Query ThingsDB.

Use this method to run code in a scope.

Args

  • code (str): ThingsDB code to run.
  • scope (str, optional): Run the code in this scope. If not specified, the default scope will be used. See https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/overview/scopes/ for how to format a scope.
  • timeout (int, optional): Raise a time-out exception if no response is received within X seconds. If no time-out is given, the client will wait forever. Defaults to None.
  • convert_vars (bool, optional): Only applicable if **kwargs are given. If set to True, then the provided **kwargs values will be converted so ThingsDB can understand them. For example, a thing should be given just by it's ID and with conversion the # will be extracted. When this argument is False, the **kwargs stay untouched. Defaults to True.
  • **kwargs (any, optional): Can be used to inject variable into the ThingsDB code.

Examples

Although we could just as easy have wrote everything in the ThingsDB code itself, this example shows how to use **kwargs for injecting variable into code. In this case the variable book.

res = await client.query(".my_book = book;", book={
    'title': 'Manual ThingsDB'
})

Returns

Future which should be awaited. The result of the future will contain the result of the ThingsDB code when successful.

If the ThingsDB code will return with an exception, then this exception will be translated to a Python Exception which will be raised. See thingsdb.exceptions for all possible exceptions and https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/errors/ for info on the error codes.

reconnect

async Client().reconnect() -> None

Re-connect to ThingsDB.

This method can be used, even when a connection still exists. In case of a connection pool, a call to reconnect() will switch to another node.

run

Client().run(
    procedure: str,
    *args: Optional[Any],
    scope: Optional[str] = None,
    timeout: Optional[int] = None,
    convert_args: bool = True
) -> asyncio.Future

Run a procedure.

Use this method to run a stored procedure in a scope.

Args

  • procedure (str): Name of the procedure to run.
  • *args (any): Arguments which are injected as the procedure arguments. The number of args must match the number the procedure requires.
  • scope (str, optional): Run the procedure in this scope. If not specified, the default scope will be used. See https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/overview/scopes/ for how to format a scope.
  • timeout (int, optional): Raise a time-out exception if no response is received within X seconds. If no time-out is given, the client will wait forever. Defaults to None.
  • convert_args (bool, optional): Only applicable if *args are given. If set to True, then the provided *args values will be converted so ThingsDB can understand them. For example, a thing should be given just by it's ID and with conversion the # will be extracted. When this argument is False, the *args stay untouched. Defaults to True.

Returns

Future which should be awaited. The result of the future will contain the result of the ThingsDB procedure when successful.

If the ThingsDB code will return with an exception, then this exception will be translated to a Python Exception which will be raised. See thingsdb.exceptions for all possible exceptions and https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/errors/ for info on the error codes.

set_default_scope

Client().set_default_scope(scope: str) -> None

Set the default scope.

Can be used to change the default scope which is initially set to @t.

Args

  • scope (str): Set the default scope. A scope may start with either the / character, or @. Examples: "//stuff", "@:stuff", "/node"

unwatch

Client().unwatch(
    *ids: int,
    scope: Optional[str] = None
) -> asyncio.Future

Unsubscribe for changes on given things.

Stop receiving events for the things given by one or more ids. It is possible that the client receives an event shortly after calling the unsubscribe method because the event was queued.

Args

  • *ids (int): Thing IDs to unsubscribe. No error is returned in case one of the given things are not found within the collection or if the thing was not being watched.
  • scope (str, optional): Unsubscribe for things in this scope. If not specified, the default scope will be used. Only collection scopes may contain things so only collection scopes can be used. See https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/overview/scopes/ for how to format a scope.

Returns

Future which result will be set to None if successful.

wait_closed

async Client().wait_closed() -> None

Wait for a connection to close.

Can be used after calling the close() method to determine when the connection is actually closed.

watch

Client().watch(self, *ids: int, scope: Optional[str] = None) -> asyncio.Future

Subscribe for changes on given things.

This method accepts one or more thing ids to subscribe to. This method will simply return None as soon as the subscribe request is successful handled by ThingsDB. After the response, the client will receive INIT events for all subscribed ids. After that, ThingsDB will continue to provide the client with UPDATE events which contain changes to the subscribed thing. A DELETE event might be received if, and only if the thing is removed and garbage collected from the collection.

Args

  • *ids (int): Thing IDs to subscribe to. No error is returned in case one of the given things are not found within the collection, instead a WARN event will be send to the client.
  • scope (str, optional): Subscribe on things in this scope. If not specified, the default scope will be used. Only collection scopes may contain things so only collection scopes can be used. See https://docs.thingsdb.net/v0/overview/scopes/ for how to format a scope.

Returns

Future which result will be set to None if successful.

Model

It is possible to create a model which will map to data in ThingsDB. The model will be kept up-to-date be the client. It is possible to break anywhere you want in the model. What is not provided, will not be watched.

Collection

A collection is always required, even you do not plan to watch anything in the root of the collection. In the latter case you can just create an empty collection which can be used when initializing individual things.

import asyncio
from thingsdb.client import Client
from thingsdb.model import Collection

class Foo(Collection):
    name = 'str'

Thing

import asyncio
from thingsdb.client import Client
from thingsdb.model import Collection, Thing

class Bar(Thing):
    name = 'str'
    other = 'Bar', lambda: Bar

class Foo(Collection):
    bar: 'Bar', Bar

async def example():
    client = Client()
    foo = Foo()
    await client.connect('localhost')
    try:
        await client.authenticate('admin', 'pass')
        await foo.load(client)

        # ... now the collection will be watched

    finally:
        client.close()
        await client.wait_closed()

Suppose you have an ID and want to watch that single thing, then you can initialize the thing and call watch() manually. For example, consider we have an #5 for a Bar type in collection Foo:

bar = Bar(foo, 5)
await bar.watch()

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