Shims to make deprecation of pytz easier
pytz_deprecation_shim: Shims to help you safely remove pytz
pytz has served the Python community well for many years, but it is no longer the best option for providing time zones. pytz has a non-standard interface that is very easy to misuse; this interface was necessary when pytz was created, because datetime had no way to represent ambiguous datetimes, but this was solved in in Python 3.6, which added a fold attribute to datetimes in PEP 495. With the addition of the zoneinfo module in Python 3.9 (PEP 615), there has never been a better time to migrate away from pytz.
However, since pytz time zones are used very differently from a standard tzinfo, and many libraries have built pytz zones into their standard time zone interface (and thus may have users relying on the existence of the localize and normalize methods); this library provides shim classes that are compatible with both PEP 495 and pytz’s interface, to make it easier for libraries to deprecate pytz.
This library is intended for temporary usage only, and should allow you to drop your dependency on pytz while also giving your users notice that eventually you will remove support for the pytz-specific interface.
Within your own code, use pytz_deprecation_shim.timezone shims as if they were zoneinfo or dateutil.tz zones — do not use localize or normalize:
>>> import pytz_deprecation_shim as pds >>> from datetime import datetime, timedelta >>> LA = pds.timezone("America/Los_Angeles") >>> dt = datetime(2020, 10, 31, 12, tzinfo=LA) >>> print(dt) 2020-10-31 12:00:00-07:00 >>> dt.tzname() 'PDT'
Datetime addition will work like normal Python datetime arithmetic, even across a daylight saving time transition:
>>> dt_add = dt + timedelta(days=1) >>> print(dt_add) 2020-11-01 12:00:00-08:00 >>> dt_add.tzname() 'PST'
However, if you have exposed a time zone to end users who are using localize and/or normalize or any other pytz-specific features (or if you’ve failed to convert some of your own code all the way), those users will see a warning (rather than an exception) when they use those features:
>>> dt = LA.localize(datetime(2020, 10, 31, 12)) <stdin>:1: PytzUsageWarning: The localize method is no longer necessary, as this time zone supports the fold attribute (PEP 495). For more details on migrating to a PEP 495-compliant implementation, see https://pytz-deprecation-shim.readthedocs.io/en/latest/migration.html >>> print(dt) 2020-10-31 12:00:00-07:00 >>> dt.tzname() 'PDT' >>> dt_add = LA.normalize(dt + timedelta(days=1)) <stdin>:1: PytzUsageWarning: The normalize method is no longer necessary, as this time zone supports the fold attribute (PEP 495). For more details on migrating to a PEP 495-compliant implementation, see https://pytz-deprecation-shim.readthedocs.io/en/latest/migration.html >>> print(dt_add) 2020-11-01 12:00:00-08:00 >>> dt_add.tzname() 'PST'
For IANA time zones, calling str() on the shim zones (and indeed on pytz and zoneinfo zones as well) returns the IANA key, so end users who would like to actively migrate to a zoneinfo (or backports.zoneinfo) can do so:
>>> from zoneinfo import ZoneInfo >>> LA = pds.timezone("America/Los_Angeles") >>> LA_zi = ZoneInfo(str(LA)) >>> print(LA_zi) zoneinfo.ZoneInfo(key='America/Los_Angeles')
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