Skip to main content

VSCP BME680 sensor handler

Project description

vscp-python-sensor-bme680

License

This project consist of a scripts to deliver data from a BME680 sensor to a MQTT broker (mqtt-bme680.py). It is built upon the Adafruit BME680 module

It will deliver VSCP events for

  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Pressure (raw reading)
  • Pressure (adjusted for sea level)
  • Altitude
  • Gas concentration
  • Dew point

Typically the scripts is used in a cron job to deliver the events on timed intervals.

Adafruit is the most popular source for BME680 breakout boards but there are many others available also in different price ranges.

BME680

The scripts can be configured to be used with either a SPI or I2C connected sensor.

Install/connect the sensor

Lady Ada has written a very good tutorial on this here. Follow it to install your sensor.

Install

Prerequisites

The code here is dependent on the VSCP helper library. Therefore you have to install this package first. It is available for Debian type systems including Raspberry Pi. Check and download the latest version here

For convenience this is how the current version is installed on a Raaspberry Pi

wget https://github.com/grodansparadis/vscp-helper-lib/releases/download/v14.0.2/libvscphelper14_14.0.2-1_armhf.deb

wget https://github.com/grodansparadis/vscp-helper-lib/releases/download/v14.0.2/libvscphelper14-dev_14.0.2-1_armhf.deb

sudo dpkg -i ./libvscphelper14_14.0.2-1_armhf.deb
sudo dpkg -i ./libvscphelper14-dev_14.0.2-1_armhf.deb

Note that there may be [later versions available)(https://github.com/grodansparadis/vscp-helper-lib/releases) then the one downloaded above. You should always install the latest version.

Install the package

The scripts are available as a package vscp-python-sensor-bme680 on PyPi. This means you can do an automatic install with pip that will handle all dependencies expect for the helper library mentioned above which must be install manually.

The installation process is easy

pip3 install vscp-python-sensor-bme680

To later upgrade to the latest version use

pip3 install --upgrade vscp-python-sensor-bme680

It is not required but recommended to install in a virtual environment To install in a virtual environment in your current project:

mkdir project-name && cd project-name
python3 -m venv .env
source .env/bin/activate

then do the install of vscp-python-sensor-bme680 as of above.

After install you can use vscp-bme680.py from the command line. Info on how to configure the scripts for your needs are below.

Manual Install

For some reason you may not want to use PyPi and want to download the scripts from the github repository.

The script depends on some other modules that you need to install before using it. It is recommended to install everything in a virtual environment.

As mentioned above you need to install the VSCP helper library before installing this module.

It is recommended to install in a virtual environment in your current project:

git clone https://github.com/grodansparadis/vscp-python-sensor-bme680.git
cd vscp-python-sensor-bme680
python3 -m venv .env
source .env/bin/activate

You may need to install Python venv with

apt install python3-venv

if it's not installed.

Configparser

Configparser can be found on PyPi and is documented https://docs.python.org/3/library/configparser.html. Install with

pip3 install configparser

Install adafruit-circuitpython-bme680 module

On supported GNU/Linux systems like the Raspberry Pi, you can install the driver locally from PyPI. To install for current user:

pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-bme680

To install system-wide (this may be required in some cases):

sudo pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-bme680

Install VSCP modules

pyvscphelper is not needed if only MQTT should be used. You can install the modules from PyPi

pip3 install pyvscp
pip3 install pyvscphelper

If you need them on more places either go for a global install or use a virtual environment and install all the modules in it.

Install MQTT module

For MQTT functionality Paho MQTT module is needed. You can install the modules from PyPi

pip3 install paho-mqtt

Configure

You setup the code by either editing the scripts or create a configuration file with the settings. In the scripts all relevant values can be found in the beginning of the file along with documentation.

The settings are named the same in the config file as in the script itself so the documentation for the configuration file is valid also for directly adding the scripts.

To get help you can issue

mqtt-bme680.py --help

on the command line after the module is installed.

The recommended way to configure the scripts is to use a configuration file and store this file in a safe location as it contains usernames and password and in that way can protect this sensitive information. The syntax to instruct the script to read a configuration file is

mqtt-bme680.py --configure path-to-config-file

So

mqtt-bme680.py --configure /etc/vscp/bme680-config.ini

will read the configuration from /etc/vscp/bme680-config.ini

Sample configuration file

If you install in a virtual environment as recommended above you will find a sample configuration file in

_.env/pyvscp-sensors-bme680-samp

For a standard install you find it in

_.local/pyvscp-sensors-bme680-samp

and for a global install you can get the path by issuing

pip3 -V

Content

The GENERAL section

bVerbose

Set to

bVerbose = True

to get some info when the script is run. Set to

bVerbose = False

to make the script silent.

bUseSPI

Set

bUseSPI = True

to use SPI communication to connect the sensor instead of I2C

The [VSCP] section

guid

The scripts use the MAC address of the machine they are run on to construct a GUID on the format

FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FE:M5:M4:M3:M2:M1:M0:id1:id0

where M5:M4:M3:M2:M1:M0 is the MAC address and id1:id0 sensor id.

If you don't want this you can supply your own GUID here. Note that the two lowest positions also now is used for id's so normally the GUID should have zeros in these positions.

sensorindex_temperature

Sensor index for the temperature sensor. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_humidity

Sensor index for the humidity sensor. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_pressure

Sensor index for the pressure sensor. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_pressure_adj

Sensor index for the adjusted sea level pressure. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_gas

Sensor index for the gas concentration sensor. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_altitude

Sensor index for the altitude. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

sensorindex_dewpoint

Sensor index for the dew point. Default is that it is set to zero as the GUID is unique for each sensor. Set to a byte value of your choice if you need it.

zone

Set the zone to a value between 0-255 if you need it. Default is zero.

subzone

Set the subzone to a value between 0-255 if you need it. Default is zero.

id_temperature

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 1.

id_humidity

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 2.

id_pressure

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 3.

id_pressure_adj

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 4.

id_gas

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 5.

id_altitude

Set id_temperature to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 6.

id_dewpoint

Set id_dewpoint to a value between 0-65535 to set the id for the reported value. This is the two LSB bytes of the GUID used to report the sensor value. Default is 6.

The [MQTT] section

host

The address for the MQTT broker which will get reported values.

port

Port on the MQTT broker.

user

Username used to login to MQTT broker.

password

Password used to login to MQTT broker.

topic_temperature

This is the topic under which the temperature event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

  • {xguid} will be replaced with the GUID of the event.
  • {xclass} will be replaced with the VSCP class of the event.
  • {xtype} will be replaced with the VSCP type of the event.

-> stands for "input" and is used by VSCP when talking to a MQTT broker. <-- is the opposite, "output".

topic_humidity

This is the topic under which the humidity event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

topic_pressure

This is the topic under which the pressure event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

topic_pressure_adj

This is the topic under which the sea level adjusted pressure event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

topic_gas

This is the topic under which the gas concentration event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

topic_altitude

This is the topic under which the altitude event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

topic_dewpoint

This is the topic under which the dew point event will be sent. The default is

vscp/{xguid}/{xclass}/{xtype}

See topic_temperature for full info.

And empty topic can be used if you don't want the value to be sent.

The [BME680] section

sea_level_pressure

Pressure in hPa at sea level. Used for pressure adjustment. Default is 1013.25

temp_corr

Correction value in degrees Celsius for sensor temperature reading. The value entered here will be subtracted from the reading. Default is 0.

height_at_location

Set the height in meters for your location. Used for pressure adjustments. Default is 412.0 meters.

using

After you have installed the module and created a configuration file test the script with

mqtt-bme680.py -v -c path-to-config

the MQTT broker you have defined should receive the events under the defined topics like this

and you will get some verbose info on the screen like this

Connection in progress... 192.168.1.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sending...
Temperature: -3.9 C
Humidity: 97.5 %
Pressure: 96604 Pa
Relative pressure: 101568 Pa
Gas: 5014 Ohm
Altitude 401 meter
Dew point -1.9 C
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Closed

now you can add the script to cron to get measurement events send to your broker on even intervals.

node-red and node.js

with the VSCP tools available for node.js and node-red you can easily graph and in other ways handel the published measurement data.

  • You find node.js tools here
  • You find node-red tools here

VSCP

For VSCP you find info at the VSCP main site

VSCP docs are collected here.


If you are interested in learning more about VSCP the main site is here

Copyright © 2000-2020 Ake Hedman, Grodans Paradis AB - MIT license.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Built Distribution

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Huawei Huawei PSF Sponsor Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor NVIDIA NVIDIA PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page