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Python MediaWiki Bot Framework

Project description

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The Pywikibot framework is a Python library that interfaces with the MediaWiki API version 1.23 or higher.

Also included are various general function scripts that can be adapted for different tasks.

For further information about the library excluding scripts see the full code documentation.

Quick start

pip install requests
git clone
cd core
git submodule update --init
python script_name

Or to install using PyPI (excluding scripts)

pip install -U setuptools
pip install pywikibot

In addition a MediaWiki markup parser is required. Please install one of them:

pip install mwparserfromhell


pip install wikitextparser

Our installation guide has more details for advanced usage.

Basic Usage

If you wish to write your own script it’s very easy to get started:

import pywikibot
site = pywikibot.Site('en', 'wikipedia')  # The site we want to run our bot on
page = pywikibot.Page(site, 'Wikipedia:Sandbox')
page.text = page.text.replace('foo', 'bar')'Replacing "foo" with "bar"')  # Saves the page

Wikibase Usage

Wikibase is a flexible knowledge base software that drives Wikidata. A sample pywikibot script for getting data from Wikibase:

import pywikibot
site = pywikibot.Site('wikipedia:en')
repo = site.data_repository()  # the Wikibase repository for given site
page = repo.page_from_repository('Q91')  # create a local page for the given item
item = pywikibot.ItemPage(repo, 'Q91')  # a repository item
data = item.get()  # get all item data from repository for this item

Script example

Pywikibot provides bot classes to develop your own script easily:

import pywikibot
from pywikibot import pagegenerators
from import ExistingPageBot

class MyBot(ExistingPageBot):

    update_options = {
        'text': 'This is a test text',
        'summary: 'Bot: a bot test edit with Pywikbot.'

    def treat_page(self):
        """Load the given page, do some changes, and save it."""
        text = self.current_page.text
        text += '\n' + self.opt.text
        self.put_current(text, summary=self.opt.summary)

def main():
    """Parse command line arguments and invoke bot."""
    options = {}
    gen_factory = pagegenerators.GeneratorFactory()
    # Option parsing
    local_args = pywikibot.handle_args(args)  # global options
    local_args = gen_factory.handle_args(local_args)  # generators options
    for arg in local_args:
        opt, sep, value = arg.partition(':')
        if opt in ('-summary', '-text'):
            options[opt[1:]] = value
    MyBot(generator=gen_factory.getCombinedGenerator(), **options).run()

if __name == '__main__':

For more documentation on Pywikibot see our docs.

Required external programs

It may require the following programs to function properly:

  • 7za: To extract 7z files


Current release changes

  • Fix for removed action API token parameters of MediaWiki 1.37 (T291202)
  • APISite.validate_tokens() no longer replaces outdated tokens (T291202)
  • L10N updates


  • 6.6.0: Support of Python 3.5.0 - 3.5.2 will be dropped with Pywikibot 7 (T286867)
  • 6.5.0: OutputOption.output() method will be removed in favour of OutputOption.out property
  • 6.5.0: tools.RotatingFileHandler will be removed in favour of logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler
  • 6.4.0: Pywikibot began using semantic versioning, all deprecated code will be removed in Pywikibot version 7.0.0.
  • 6.2.0: Bot’s availableOptions will be removed in favour of available_options
  • 6.2.0: Deprecated tools.is_IP will be removed
  • 6.2.0: Usage of pywikibot.config2 is deprecated and will be dropped
  • 6.2.0: Exceptions must be imported from exceptions namespace (T280227)
  • 6.2.0: Deprecated exception identifiers will be removed (T280227)
  • 6.2.0: empty_iterator will be removed in favour of iter()
  • 6.1.0: tools.frozenmap will be removed in favour of types.MappingProxyType
  • 6.1.0: tools.DotReadableDict will be removed
  • 6.1.0: textlib.unescape() function will be removed in favour of html.unescape()
  • 6.0.1: Site.undeletepage() and Site.undelete_file_versions() will be removed in favour of Site.undelete() method
  • 6.0.1: Site.deletepage() and Site.deleteoldimage() will be removed in favour of Site.delete() method
  • 5.0.0: Methods deprecated for 5 years or longer will be removed


Our code is maintained on Wikimedia’s Gerrit installation, learn how to get started.

Code of Conduct

The development of this software is covered by a Code of Conduct.

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