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Zabbix API Python interface

Project description

PyZabbix

PyZabbix is a Python module for working with the Zabbix API.

CI PyPI Package Version PyPI Python Versions

Requirements

  • Tested against Zabbix 4.0 LTS, 5.0 LTS, 6.0 LTS and 6.2.

Documentation

Getting Started

Install PyZabbix using pip:

$ pip install pyzabbix

You can now import and use pyzabbix like so:

from pyzabbix import ZabbixAPI

zapi = ZabbixAPI("http://zabbixserver.example.com")
zapi.login("zabbix user", "zabbix pass")
# You can also authenticate using an API token instead of user/pass with Zabbix >= 5.4
# zapi.login(api_token='xxxxx')
print("Connected to Zabbix API Version %s" % zapi.api_version())

for h in zapi.host.get(output="extend"):
    print(h['hostid'])

Refer to the Zabbix API Documentation and the PyZabbix Examples for more information.

Customizing the HTTP request

PyZabbix uses the requests library for HTTP. You can customize the request parameters by configuring the requests Session object used by PyZabbix.

This is useful for:

  • Customizing headers
  • Enabling HTTP authentication
  • Enabling Keep-Alive
  • Disabling SSL certificate verification
from pyzabbix import ZabbixAPI

zapi = ZabbixAPI("http://zabbixserver.example.com")

# Enable HTTP auth
zapi.session.auth = ("http user", "http password")

# Disable SSL certificate verification
zapi.session.verify = False

# Specify a timeout (in seconds)
zapi.timeout = 5.1

# Login (in case of HTTP Auth, only the username is needed, the password, if passed, will be ignored)
zapi.login("http user", "http password")

# You can also authenticate using an API token instead of user/pass with Zabbix >= 5.4
# zapi.login(api_token='xxxxx')

Enabling debug logging

If you need to debug some issue with the Zabbix API, you can enable the output of logging, pyzabbix already uses the default python logging facility but by default, it logs to "Null", you can change this behavior on your program, here's an example:

import sys
import logging
from pyzabbix import ZabbixAPI

stream = logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout)
stream.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
log = logging.getLogger('pyzabbix')
log.addHandler(stream)
log.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)


zapi = ZabbixAPI("http://zabbixserver.example.com")
zapi.login('admin','password')

# You can also authenticate using an API token instead of user/pass with Zabbix >= 5.4
# zapi.login(api_token='xxxxx')

The expected output is as following:

Sending: {
    "params": {
        "password": "password",
        "user": "admin"
    },
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "method": "user.login",
    "id": 2
}
Response Code: 200
Response Body: {
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": ".................",
    "id": 2
}
>>>

Development

To develop this project, start by reading the Makefile to have a basic understanding of the possible tasks.

Install the project and the dependencies in a virtual environment:

make install
source .venv/bin/activate

Releases

To release a new version, first bump the version number in setup.py by hand and run the release target:

make release

Finally, push the release commit and tag to publish them to Pypi:

git push --follow-tags

License

LGPL 2.1 http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/lgpl-2.1.html

Zabbix API Python Library.

Original Ruby Library is Copyright (C) 2009 Andrew Nelson nelsonab(at)red-tux(dot)net

Original Python Library is Copyright (C) 2009 Brett Lentz brett.lentz(at)gmail(dot)com

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

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