Skip to main content

A set of classes built for easier management of Python maps and lists

Project description

A set of classes that makes managing JSON objects easier within Python (and more?)

Why?

When wanting to access an index of a JSON object (or a Python dictionary/map), we need to use [‘member’] syntax. This is ok for simple JSON objects, but let’s say you had a complex object andyou wanted a deeply nested element, such as:

dict_instance['member'][0]['items'][0]['id']

This is where query collections come in. Right now the supported structures are maps (python dictionaries) and lists. Here is how we can access the members in each:

Given a k:v map:

{
    "population": {
        "faculty": [
            {
                "id": "103902",
                "name": "Cory",
                "field": "CS"
            },
            {
                "id": "6789",
                "name": "Ted",
            },
            {
                "id": "67874",
                "name": "Mike",
                "field": "CS"
            }
        ],
        "count": 3,
        "access_codes": [
            1, 2, 3
        ]
    }
}

This specific instance would be rather difficult to obtain information from, and would require a lot of generators and other unnecessary bloat to achieve a task as simple as “if there are any users who are faculty, return those with a ‘field’ specified

Here is the naive solution with regular builtin Python functionality:

json_obj = ...
if json_obj.get('population').get('faculty') is not None:
    matches = [f_member for f_member in json_obj['population']['faculty'] if 'field' in f_member]
    return matches
return None_

Here is how we can perform the same operation with a query_dict:

json_obj = query_dict(...)
matches = json_obj.query("population:faculty:*:field!")

In this example, * denotes “any member of the list faculty”, and ! means ‘return true if field exist`. The wildcard operator, by default, returns any member who returns a value.

Syntax

The syntax for queries is very easy to understand! To access a nested member of a parent, simply do: parent:child. This can be chained over any amount of nesting. Of course this is in itself useful, but with the addition of operators, the use case is much, much more clear!

Acceptable operators: - *: Wildcard operator. Returns the list of elements at the given index. - !: Exists operator. Returns true if the member exists.

Combination of rules is also acceptable: - The wildcard by default stops error reporting and returns all matching elements following itself in the query string. For example: .query(“*:id!”) returns all members of the first level where id exists. We can also perform queries by using the index operators and prefixing a question mark.

Filtering

As of release 0.0.1.2a8, we can now filter lists to search for children that meet certain filters. This is a simple implementation, but should meet demands for this use case. Storing values inside a string was not an idea I supported (i.e., performing “eq=13”), and as such, filters are added an extension to the query method. You can either pass a single filter, or multiple (as an array), and filters can be accesed within the query string with the ‘$’ operator, which follows this syntax: member$filterIndex. If you only have one filter, there is no need to do member$0, you can simply do: member$ Example:

For a problem, we need to filter a list of students to find students with a GPA > 3.0. It is simply done as:

results = students.query("*:GPA$", filters.greaterEqual(3.0))
# returns list of students with GPA > 3.0

Multiple queries (to find list of students where GPA > 3.0 and attendance > 90.0:

results = students.query("*:GPA$0:*:ATTENDANCE_PCT$1",
    filters.greaterEqual(3.0),  # filter at index '$0'
    filters.greaterEqual(90.0)  # filter at index '$1'
)
    # returns list of students with GPA > 3.0 and attendance > 90.0

Streams

As of release 0.0.1a3, the Stream class is now in beta. This is a copy of the Java 8 Stream API and nearly all functionality exists. You can create your own stream from your own type easily, and query_dict and query_list contain a method to create the stream.

results = Stream.of(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)
results.filter(lambda x: x > 5)\
        .peek(lambda x: print(x))

OUT:
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10

Examples:

You may find a list of query examples in the /test directory. This includes all current combinations of operators and basic error checking.

query_dict and query_list

Currently this is all implemented through classes that inherit the dict and list class. The only additional functionality of these classes are dot access of dictionary members and a ‘length’/’len’ property of lists.

query_dict

Members of the dictionary can be accessed from the dot operator:

>>> obj = query_dict({_
        "name": "Cory",
        "stats": {
            "coolness": "over9000"
        }
    })
>>> obj.name
"Cory"
>>> obj.stats.coolness
"over9000"

query len/length

>>> mlist = query_list([1,2,3])
>>> mlist.len
3
>>> mlist.length
3

Roadmap:

  • Equality operator for basic comparisons
  • Equality comparator

License

Query Collections

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2016 Cory Forward

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
query_collections-0.0.1.3a4.tar.gz (14.3 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page