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A log handler for the Python logging module, emitting all logs to specific Redis channels

Project description

redis_log_handler

Handler for the standard logging module which puts logs through to Redis.

Install

This was developed against Python 3.6.7 specifically, but I don't believe it's version breaking.

Development

Set the local environment variable REDIS_HOST to point to the host where your Redis runs.

    $ export REDIS_HOST=localhost

Install the dev requirements

    $ pip install -r requirements-dev.txt

How to use

You can either publish your logs to a channel, rpush them onto a key with an optional ttl or implement the desired behaviour by deriving from the base class.

To add a handler to the python logger is very simple:

import logging


from redis_log_handler import RedisKeyHandler

example_handler = RedisKeyHandler('example_key')  # Default parameters for Redis connection are used

logger = logging.getLogger()  # No name gives you the root logger
logger.setLevel("WARNING")
logger.addHandler(example_handler)

logger.warning("This will rpush this message to the 'example_key' in Redis.")

Configuring Redis Connection

By default each handler will create a StrictRedis instance, passing on each argument from their __init__(**kwargs) to the StrictRedis instantiation. This means you can configure the connection as specific as you'd like, but every argument should be provided with its keyword; Handler(host=localhost) instead of Handler(localhost). All available configuration options are available in te python-redis documentation.

handler = RedisKeyHandler("key", host="localhost", port=6379, password=None)

connection_pool = redis.ConnectionPool(host="localhost")
handler = RedisKeyHandler("key", connection_pool=connection_pool)

Configure message logging

Every handler has the raw_logging option which can be provided optionally. Omitting it from the initialisation, will default it to False, meaning the message being logged will be purely what's sent. If you set it to True, first the content will be logged, then appended to the line number and finally the pathname.

pure_handler = RedisKeyHandler("key_name")
raw_handler = RedisKeyHandler("other_key_name", raw_logging=True)
...
logging.info("Test message")

The pure_handler would emit a message like so: Test message., the raw_handler would emit a message like so: Test message. - 2: /.../file.py.

1. RedisChannelHandler

This opens a connection to a redis channel, allowing subscribers to pickup new messages in realtime. Every message triggered by the logging instance, will get published to the specified channel.

handler = RedisChannelHandler("channelname")

2. RedisKeyHandler

This creates/pushes onto the provided key, whatever message the logging instance will emit. By default every message will be sent via rpush, so that when the list is retrieved using lrange $key 0 -1, all messages are returned in the order they were sent. Optionally a ttl (time to live) can be provided which will be a counter that will be set each time a message is sent, essentially refreshing the duration of the time to live for this key.

handler = RedisKeyHandler("some_key_name", ttl=60)

3. Custom Redis Handler

We also provide the ability to write custom emit functions, which get picked up by the logging instance, by inheriting the Base class. If none of the provided Redis implementations rock you boat, simply inherit the Base class and overwrite the emit() method.

In the following example we will write an example of a CustomRedisHandler which overwrites the value of the key it already exists.

class CustomRedisHandler(RedisBaseHandler):
    def __init__(self, key: str, **kwargs: Any):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.key = key

    def emit(self, message: logging.LogRecord):
        self.redis_client.set(self.key, str(message))

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