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Build packages and check them for reproducibility.

Project Description
Command Line Interface
======================

The easiest way to run reprotest is via our presets:

# Build the current directory in a null server (/tmp)
reprotest auto .
reprotest auto . -- null -d # for more verbose output

# Build the given Debian source package in an schroot
# See https://wiki.debian.org/sbuild for instructions on setting that up.
reprotest auto reprotest_0.3.3.dsc -- schroot unstable-amd64-sbuild

Currently, we only support this for Debian packages, but are keen on adding
more. If we don't have knowledge on how to build your file or directory, you
can send a patch to us on adding this intelligence - see the reprotest.presets
python module, and adapt the existing logic.

Before that happens, you can use the more advanced CLI to build arbitrary
things. This takes two mandatory arguments, the build command to run and the
build artifact file/pattern to test after running the build. For example:

reprotest 'python3 setup.py bdist' 'dist/*.tar.gz'

When using this from a shell:

If the build command has spaces, you will need to quote them, e.g.
`reprotest "debuild -b -uc -us" [..]`.

If you want to use several build artifact patterns, you will also
need to quote them, e.g. `reprotest [..] "*.tar.gz *.tar.xz"`.

If your build artifacts have spaces in their names, you will need to
quote these twice, e.g. `'"a file with spaces.gz"'` for a single
artifact or `'"dir 1"/* "dir 2"/*'` for multiple patterns.

To get more help for the CLI, including documentation on optional
arguments and what they do, run:

reprotest --help
reprotest --help schroot


Running in a virtual server
===========================

You can also run the build inside what is called a "virtual server". This could
be a container, a chroot, etc. There are different ones available, see `--help`
full list. You run them like this:

reprotest 'python3 setup.py bdist_wheel' 'dist/*.whl' qemu /path/to/qemu.img
reprotest 'debuild -b -uc -us' '../*.deb' schroot unstable-amd64

You can also run `reprotest --help <virtual_server_name>` for a full list of
options for that particular virtual server.

You will probably have to give extra commands to reprotest, in order to set up
your build dependencies inside the virtual server. For example, to take you
through what the "Debian directory" preset would look like, if we ran it via
the advanced CLI:

reprotest auto . -- schroot unstable-amd64-sbuild
# equivalent to:
reprotest \
--testbed-init 'apt-get -y --no-install-recommends install \
util-linux disorderfs 2>/dev/null; \
test -c /dev/fuse || mknod -m 666 /dev/fuse c 10 229' \
'PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:$PATH apt-get -y --no-install-recommends build-dep ./; \
dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us -b' \
'../*.deb' \
-- \
schroot unstable-amd64-sbuild

The `--testbed-init` argument is needed to set up basic tools, which reprotest
needs in order to make the variations in the first place. This should be the
same regardless of what package is being built, but might differ depending on
what virtual_server is being used.

Next, we have the build_command. For our Debian directory, we install
build-dependencies using apt-get, then we run the actual build command itself
using dpkg-buildpackage(1).

Then, we have the artifact pattern. For reproducibility, we're only interested
in the binary packages.

Finally, we specify that this is to take place in the "schroot" virtual_server
with arguments "unstable-amd64-sbuild".


Config File
===========

The config file has one section, basics, and the same options as the
CLI, except there's no dont_vary option, and there are `build_command`
and `artifact` fields. If `build_command` and/or `artifact` are set
in the config file, reprotest can be run without passing those as
command-line arguments. Command-line arguments always override config
file options. Reprotest currently searches the working directory for
the config file, but it will also eventually search the user's home
directory. A sample config file is below.

[basics]
build_command = setup.py sdist
artifact = dist/reprotest-0.2.tar.gz
source_root = reprotest/
variations =
environment
domain_host
filesystem
home
host
kernel
locales
path
shell
time
timezone
umask
user_group



Running the Tests
=================

The easiest way to run the tests is with
[Tox](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/tox). Install it,
[Coverage](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/coverage), and
[pytest](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pytest). (On Debian, this can
be done with `apt-get install python3-coverage tox python3-pytest`.)

To run the tests, go to the root of the repository, where `tox.ini` is
and run `tox`. For more verbose output, run `tox -- -s`.

However, this runs the tests with no virtualization. To test that
reprotest works correctly with virtualization, you'll need to setup
the virtualization servers schroot and qemu.

Some of the following instructions rely on Debian utilities. For
schroot, run `mk-sbuild --debootstrap-include=devscripts stable`. (If
you aren't on `amd64`, you'll have to include `--arch`.) For qemu,
first `apt-get install autopkgtest vmdebootstrap qemu`, then run:

vmdebootstrap --verbose --serial-console --distribution=sid \
--customize=/usr/share/autopkgtest/setup-commands/setup-testbed \
--user=adt/adt --size=10000000000 --grub --image=adt-sid.raw
qemu-img convert -O qcow2 adt-sid.raw adt-sid.img
rm adt-sid.raw

The last two commands reduce the size of the image but aren't strictly
necessary. Move `adt-sid.img` to `linux/` under your home directory.

To log into the schroot and qemu containers, respectively, run:

sudo schroot -c source:stable-amd64
qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -drive file=~/linux/adt-sid.img,if=virtio -net user -net nic,model=virtio -m 1024

After replacing `~` with your home directory.

For the host system and the two containers, run:

apt-get install disorderfs
(Additionally for mk-sbuild stable, enable the backports repository.)
(Additionally for chroot, run:
mknod -m 666 /dev/fuse c 10 229)
apt-get install python3 python3-pip
apt-get install locales-all

Now, finally run the tests:

REPROTEST_TEST_SERVERS=null,qemu,schroot tox -- -s
Release History

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