Yet another project deploy and release tool
The purpose of this tool is to improve release culture for small projects, to provide useful conventions and suitable vocabulary for speaking about software pieces, and to simplify making and deploying simple services.
Ribosome imposes some reasonable concepts and assumptions that, I believe, can clarify the release process and be helpful for a wide range of projects.
Let's begin with the description of what I consider the proper release process. You have a project - some version controlled thing, a source code repository for example. At some point in time, you decide to freeze its state by tagging with version. Then you build it, run tests against it, and archive all needed files as the release (release archive). You upload the archive to some persistent storage for further use. The next step is to deploy the release to some working place and run by loading one or more services with appropriate configurations attached. Notice, it is essential to support the clear separation between release, deploy and run stages. Also, valuable properties are reproducibility and idempotence of steps. In a nutshell, exactly process described can be achieved with the help of Ribosome and a bit of discipline.
Ribosome is available on PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/ribosome.tool/
To install use pipenv (or pip, of course):
$ pipenv install ribosome.tool
$ ribosome --help Usage: ribosome [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]... Yet another project deploy and release tool Options: -v, --verbose More detailed logging to console -f, --force Rewrite existing files --version Show the version and exit. --help Show this message and exit. Commands: deploy Deploy release artifacts to host do Run command for service at remote host gc Uninstall deployed versions at remote host init Initialize Ribosome project jump Reload all services to version at remote host load Load service at remote host ls List deployed versions at remote host release Make release and publish artifacts show Show loaded services at remote host unload Unload service at remote host version Show version or update meta descriptor
And help for specific command:
$ ribosome <command> --help
For a start, in the root of your project's folder, the file
should be placed - this is where various settings for Ribosome live.
You can generate an empty one by the command:
$ ribosome init
Suppose you have already configured your project for Ribosome via
I will describe later how to do this.
Ribosome releases project versions, i.e., named tags of source code repository.
Tag expected to be in one of the forms:
N is for a number and
XXXX for any alphanumerical suffix with dots inside allowed.
At any time you can find out what version your project folder is:
$ ribosome version info
After you tagged repository with a version, you can make a release:
$ ribosome release
During this process release archive is made and uploaded to Amazon S3 bucket.
Credentials for S3 access expected to be
in the environment.
Please, consider to use
shared credentials file
and specify AWS profile in
Any uploaded to S3 release can be deployed to remote host accessible via SSH:
$ ribosome deploy <version> <host>
At remote host
~/releases folder is used for archives upload and
~/projects is used for release deployment and management.
During deploy process runtime environment will be set up.
After that release files and runtime are considered immutable.
This and any other Ribosome operations using SSH (the ones taking
require you to configure host settings and alias inside
For deployed release you can load and unload service(s):
$ ribosome load <version> <service> <config> <host>
In case of a simple upgrade, when all services of interest are already running at host, you can quickly reload all of them (jump) to the new version:
$ ribosome jump <version> <host>
Load, unload and jump commands require entering sudo password for the remote host.
When (un)loading services Ribosome save their status in files
~/projects/<project>/services.index.yaml so you can easily view
the state of the remote host for current project via command:
$ ribosome show <host>
Alternatively, adding an option
-a will scan for services of all projects
deployed at host:
$ ribosome show <host> -a
At any time you can list deployed versions for current project with:
$ ribosome ls <host>
or get a list for all projects with
Deployed versions can be removed from remote host with:
$ ribosome gc <versions> <host>
where first argument is versions pattern - symbols
? are recognized.
Versions with services currently loaded cannot be removed by this command,
you should unload all services from version to be able to remove it.
Technically, Ribosome is just simple commands and remote commands runner with few features for SCM management. It does not do anything special or complex in terms of functionality. What it does do - is the separation of concerns and operations specifications to enforce and support the release process with reproducibility and immutability in mind.
Ribosome on its own does not know how to release projects or load services. It provides only the structure or interface for these operations.
So, to configure a project for Ribosome via the file
you need to provide build, setup and other commands - your project's release process
implementation of Ribosome interface.
Please, see examples for Nginx configuration files and Django project.
This project is created with the support of Orderry company, my thanks for the opportunities and understanding.
For the idea of the name
Ribosome my gratitude goes to
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