Python ROS Bridge library.
Python ROS Bridge library allows to use Python and IronPython to interact with ROS, the open-source robotic middleware. It uses WebSockets to connect to rosbridge 2.0 and provides publishing, subscribing, service calls, actionlib, TF, and other essential ROS functionality.
Unlike the rospy library, this does not require a local ROS environment, allowing usage from platforms other than Linux.
The API of roslibpy is modeled to closely match that of roslibjs.
- Topic publishing and subscribing.
- Service calls (client).
- Service advertisement (server).
- ROS parameter management (get/set/delete).
- ROS API services for getting ROS meta-information.
- Actionlib support for interfacing with preemptable tasks.
- TF Client via the tf2_web_republisher.
Roslibpy runs on Python 3.x and IronPython 2.7.
To install roslibpy, simply use pip:
pip install roslibpy
For IronPython, the pip command is slightly different:
ipy -X:Frames -m pip install --user roslibpy
Remember that you will need a working ROS setup including the rosbridge server and TF2 web republisher accessible within your network.
The full documentation, including examples and API reference is available on readthedocs.
Make sure you setup your local development environment correctly:
- Clone the roslibpy repository.
- Create a virtual environment.
- Install development dependencies:
pip install -r requirements-dev.txt
You’re ready to start coding!
During development, use pyinvoke tasks on the command prompt to ease recurring operations:
- invoke clean: Clean all generated artifacts.
- invoke check: Run various code and documentation style checks.
- invoke docs: Generate documentation.
- invoke test: Run all tests and checks in one swift command.
- invoke: Show available tasks.
For more details, check the Contributor’s Guide available as part of the documentation.
The default branch was recently renamed to main. If you’ve already cloned this repository, you’ll need to update your local repository structure with the following lines:
git branch -m master main git fetch origin git branch -u origin/main main
Releasing this project
Ready to release a new version roslibpy? Here’s how to do it:
- We use semver, i.e. we bump versions as follows:
- patch: bugfixes.
- minor: backwards-compatible features added.
- major: backwards-incompatible changes.
- Update the CHANGELOG.rst with all novelty!
- Ready? Release everything in one command:
invoke release [patch|minor|major]
This library is based on roslibjs and to a large extent, it is a line-by-line port to Python, changing only where a more idiomatic form makes sense, so a huge part of the credit goes to the roslibjs authors.
- Fixed blocking issues on the Twisted/Autobahn-based implementation of websockets
- Changed behavior: Advertising services automatically reconnect when websockets is reconnected.
- References to ROS master change to ROS.
- Added Header and Time data types.
- Added ROS API method to retrieve current ROS time: ros.get_time.
- Added set_initial_delay, set_max_delay and set_max_retries to RosBridgeClientFactory to control reconnection parameters.
- Added closing event to Ros class that gets triggered right before closing the connection.
- Changed behavior: Topics automatically reconnect when websockets is reconnected
- Added blocking behavior to more ROS API methods: ros.get_nodes and ros.get_node_details.
- Added reconnection support to IronPython implementation of websockets
- Added automatic topic reconnection support for both subscribers and publishers
- Fixed reconnection issues on the Twisted/Autobahn-based implementation of websockets
- Fixed blocking service calls for Mac OS
- The non-blocking event loop runner run() now defaults to 10 seconds timeout before raising an exception.
- Added blocking behavior to ROS API methods, e.g. ros.get_topics.
- Added command-line mode to ROS API, e.g. roslibpy topic list.
- Added blocking behavior to the Param class.
- Added parameter manipulation methods to Ros class: get_param, set_param, delete_param.
- For consistency, timeout parameter of Goal.send() is now expressed in seconds, instead of milliseconds.
- The timeout parameter of ActionClient() is ignored in favor of blocking until the connection is established.
- Raise exceptions when timeouts expire on ROS connection or service calls.
- Support for calling a function in a thread from the Ros client.
- Added implementation of a Simple Action Server.
- The non-blocking event loop runner now waits for the connection to be established in order to minimize the need for on_ready handlers.
- Support blocking and non-blocking service calls.
- Fixed an internal unsubscribing issue.
- Resolve reconnection issues.
- Add a non-blocking event loop runner
- Unsubscribing from a listener no longer requires the original callback to be passed.
- Fix JSON serialization error on TF Client (on Python 3.x)
- Add support for IronPython 2.7
- Handler on_ready now defaults to run the callback in thread
- Rename run_event_loop to the more fitting run_forever
- Minimal documentation fixes
- Initial version
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