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Generates (X)HTML5 documents from standalone reStructuredText sources

Project description


rst2html5 generates (X)HTML5 documents from standalone reStructuredText sources. It is a complete rewrite of the docutils’ rst2html and uses new HTML5 constructs such as <section> and <aside>.


$ pip install rst2html5


$ rst2html5 [options] SOURCE



Don’t indent output

--stylesheet=<URL or path>

Specify a stylesheet URL to be included. (This option can be used multiple times)

--script=<URL or path>

Specify a script URL to be included. (This option can be used multiple times)

--script-defer=<URL or path>

Specify a script URL with a defer attribute to be included in the output HTML file. (This option can be used multiple times)

--script-async=<URL or path>

Specify a script URL with a async attribute to be included in the output HTML file. (This option can be used multiple times)


Specify a html tag attribute. (This option can be used multiple times)

--template=<filename or text>

Specify a filename or text to be used as the HTML5 output template. The template must have the {head} and {body} placeholders. The “<html{html_attr}>” placeholder is recommended.


Define a case insensitive identifier to be used with ifdef and ifndef directives. There is no value associated with an identifier. (This option can be used multiple times)


Consider the following rst snippet:


Some text and a target to `Title 2`_. **strong emphasis**:

* item 1
* item 2

Title 2

.. parsed-literal::

    Inline markup is supported, e.g. *emphasis*, **strong**, ``literal
    _`hyperlink targets`, and `references <>`_

The html5 produced is clean and tidy:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <section id="title">
        <p>Some text and a target to <a href="#title-2">Title 2</a>. <strong>strong emphasis</strong>:</p>
            <li>item 1</li>
            <li>item 2</li>
    <section id="title-2">
        <h1>Title 2</h1>
        <pre>Inline markup is supported, e.g. <em>emphasis</em>, <strong>strong</strong>, <code>literal
<a id="hyperlink-targets">hyperlink targets</a>, and <a href="">references</a></pre>

Stylesheets and Scripts

No stylesheets or classes are spread over the html5 by default. However stylesheets and javascripts URLs or paths can be included through stylesheet and script options:

$ rst2html5 example.rst \
--stylesheet css/default.css \
--stylesheet css/special.css \
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <link href="css/default.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="css/special.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src=""></script>

Additional scripts can be included in the result using options --script, --script-defer or --script-async:

$ rst2html5 example.rst \
    --script js/test1.js \
    --script-defer js/test2.js \
    --script-async js/test3.js
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <script src="js/test1.js"></script>
    <script src="js/test2.js" defer="defer"></script>
    <script src="js/test3.js" async="async"></script>

Html tag attributes can be included through html-tag-attr option:

$ rst2html5 --html-tag-attr 'lang="pt-BR"' example.rst
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="pt-BR">


Custom html5 template via the --template option. Example:

$ template='<!DOCTYPE html>
<head>{head}    <!-- custom links and scripts -->
    <link href="css/default.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="css/pygments.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src=""></script>

$ echo 'one line' > example.rst

$ rst2html5 --template "$template" example.rst
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <!-- custom links and scripts -->
    <link href="css/default.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="css/pygments.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src=""></script>
    <p>one line</p>

New Directives

rst2html5 provides some new directives: define, undef, ifdef and ifndef, similar to those used in C++. They allow to conditionally include (or not) some rst snippets:

.. ifdef:: x

    this line will be included if 'x' was previously defined

In case of you check two or more identifiers, there must be an operator ([and | or]) defined:

.. ifdef:: x y z
    :operator: or

    This line will be included only if 'x', 'y' or 'z' is defined.

From rst2html5 1.9, you can include stylesheets and scripts via directives inside a reStructuredText text:

Just an ordinary paragraph.

.. stylesheet:: css/default.css
.. stylesheet::

.. script::
.. script:: slide.js

.. script:: test/animations.js

Another paragraph
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <link href="css/default.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src=""></script>
    <script src="slide.js" defer="defer"></script>
    <script src="test/animations.js" async="async"></script>
    <p>Just an ordinary paragraph.</p>
    <p>Another paragraph</p>

There also is a template directive. The usage is:

.. template:: filename


.. template::

    template content here.


  • 1.10.1 - 2018-12-2

    • fix: –stylesheet-inline must not escape html characters

    • Update package dependency to Pygments >= 2.3.0

  • 1.10 - 2018-11-29

    • Support –stylesheet-inline

  • 1.9.5 - 2018-10-06

    • Fix version exhibition

  • 1.9.4 - 2018-06-19

    • Documentation update

    • Minor bug fixes

  • 1.9.3 - 2017-02-14

    • Fix

  • 1.9.2 - 2017-02-14

    • Fix conflict with docutils==0.13.1

  • 1.9.1 - 2017-02-07

    • Fix install_requires in

    • Update list of authors

  • 1.9 - 2016-12-21

    • New directives stylesheet, script and template for declaring stylesheets, scripts and template inside a restructured text.

  • 1.8.2 - 2016-07-12

    • CodeBlock directive refactored

  • 1.8.1 - 2016-07-11

    • Raw html shouldn’t be indented

    • CodeBlock directive also registered as code

  • 1.8 - 2016-06-04

    • New directives define, undef, ifdef and ifndef to conditionally include (or not) a rst snippet.

  • 1.7.5 - 2015-05-14

    • fixes the stripping of leading whitespace from the highlighted code

  • 1.7.4 - 2015-04-09

    • fixes deleted blank lines in <table><pre> during Genshi rendering

    • Testing does not depend on ordered tag attributes anymore

  • 1.7.3 - 2015-04-04

    • fix some imports

    • Sphinx dependency removed

  • 1.7.2 - 2015-03-31

    • Another small bugfix related to imports

  • 1.7.1 - 2015-03-31

    • Fix 1.7 package installation. requirements.txt was missing

  • 1.7 - 2015-03-31

    • Small bufix in

    • LICENSE file added to the project

    • Sublists are not under <blockquote> anymore

    • Never a <p> as a <li> first child

    • New CodeBlock directive merges docutils and sphinx CodeBlock directives

    • Generated codeblock cleaned up to a more HTML5 style: <pre data-language=”…”>…</pre>

  • 1.6 - 2015-03-09

    • code-block’s :class: value should go to <pre class=”value”> instead of <pre><code class=”value”>

    • Fix problem with no files uploaded to Pypi in 1.5 version

  • 1.5 - 2015-23-02

    • rst2html5 generates html5 comments

    • A few documentation improvementss

  • 1.4 - 2014-09-21

    • Improved packaging

    • Using tox for testing management

    • Improved compatibility to Python3

    • Respect initial_header_level_setting

    • Container and compound directives map to div

    • rst2html5 now process field_list nodes

    • Additional tests

    • Multiple-time options should be specified multiple times, not with commas

    • Metatags are declared at the top of head

    • Only one link to mathjax script is generated

  • 1.3 - 2014-04-21

    • Fixes #16 | New –template option

    • without parameter should keep current virtualenv

  • 1.2 - 2014-02-16

    • Fix doc version

  • 1.1 - 2014-02-16

    • rst2html5 works with docutils 0.11 and Genshi 0.7

  • 1.0 - 2013-06-17

    • Documentation improvement

    • Added html-tag-attr, script-defer and script-async options

    • Dropped option-limit option

    • Fix bug with caption generation within table

    • Footer should be at the bottom of the page

    • Indent raw html

    • field-limit and option-limit are set to 0 (no limit)

  • 0.10 - 2013-05-11

    • Support docutils 0.10

    • Force syntax_hightlight to ‘short’

    • Conforming to PEP8 and PyFlakes

    • Testing structure simplified

    • refactored

    • Some bugfixes

  • 0.9 - 2012-08-03

    • First public preview release

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