Skip to main content
Join the official 2020 Python Developers SurveyStart the survey!

A customizable parser/transpiler for SCIM2.0 filters

Project description

CI/CD Status codecov Documentation Status

Description

SCIM 2.0 defines queries that look like this:

'emails[type eq "work" and value co "@example.com"] or ims[type eq "xmpp" and value co "@foo.com"]'

These can be hard to work with and covert into SQL to run against a database.

That’s where SCIM 2.0 Filter Parser (SFP) can help.

SFP is broken up into four modules, each handling a different part of translating a SCIM call into a SQL query.

The first step is tokenization or lexical analysis where the filter query is broken down into many tokens that make it up.

sfp-lexer 'emails[type eq "work" and value co "@example.com"] or ims[type eq "xmpp" and value co "@foo.com"]'

Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='emails', lineno=1, index=0)
Token(type='LBRACKET', value='[', lineno=1, index=6)
Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='type', lineno=1, index=7)
Token(type='EQ', value='eq', lineno=1, index=12)
Token(type='COMP_VALUE', value='work', lineno=1, index=15)
Token(type='AND', value='and', lineno=1, index=22)
Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='value', lineno=1, index=26)
Token(type='CO', value='co', lineno=1, index=32)
Token(type='COMP_VALUE', value='@example.com', lineno=1, index=35)
Token(type='RBRACKET', value=']', lineno=1, index=49)
Token(type='OR', value='or', lineno=1, index=51)
Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='ims', lineno=1, index=54)
Token(type='LBRACKET', value='[', lineno=1, index=57)
Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='type', lineno=1, index=58)
Token(type='EQ', value='eq', lineno=1, index=63)
Token(type='COMP_VALUE', value='xmpp', lineno=1, index=66)
Token(type='AND', value='and', lineno=1, index=73)
Token(type='ATTRNAME', value='value', lineno=1, index=77)
Token(type='CO', value='co', lineno=1, index=83)
Token(type='COMP_VALUE', value='@foo.com', lineno=1, index=86)
Token(type='RBRACKET', value=']', lineno=1, index=96)

The second step is to convert that series of tokens into a abstract syntax tree.

sfp-parser 'emails[type eq "work" and value co "@example.com"] or ims[type eq "xmpp" and value co "@foo.com"]'

Filter(expr=LogExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
    LogExpr(op='or', expr1=Filter, expr2=Filter)
        Filter(expr=Filter, negated=False, namespace=None)
            Filter(expr=Filter, negated=False, namespace=AttrPath)
                Filter(expr=LogExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                    LogExpr(op='and', expr1=Filter, expr2=Filter)
                        Filter(expr=AttrExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                            AttrExpr(value='eq', attr_path=AttrPath, comp_value=CompValue)
                                AttrPath(attr_name='type', sub_attr=None, uri=None)
                                CompValue(value='work')
                        Filter(expr=AttrExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                            AttrExpr(value='co', attr_path=AttrPath, comp_value=CompValue)
                                AttrPath(attr_name='value', sub_attr=None, uri=None)
                                CompValue(value='@example.com')
                AttrPath(attr_name='emails', sub_attr=None, uri=None)
        Filter(expr=Filter, negated=False, namespace=None)
            Filter(expr=Filter, negated=False, namespace=AttrPath)
                Filter(expr=LogExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                    LogExpr(op='and', expr1=Filter, expr2=Filter)
                        Filter(expr=AttrExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                            AttrExpr(value='eq', attr_path=AttrPath, comp_value=CompValue)
                                AttrPath(attr_name='type', sub_attr=None, uri=None)
                                CompValue(value='xmpp')
                        Filter(expr=AttrExpr, negated=False, namespace=None)
                            AttrExpr(value='co', attr_path=AttrPath, comp_value=CompValue)
                                AttrPath(attr_name='value', sub_attr=None, uri=None)
                                CompValue(value='@foo.com')
                AttrPath(attr_name='ims', sub_attr=None, uri=None)

The third step is to transpile this AST into a language of our choice. The above query is transpiled to SQL below.

sfp-transpiler 'emails[type eq "work" and value co "@example.com"] or ims[type eq "xmpp" and value co "@foo.com"]'

((emails.type = {0}) AND (emails.value LIKE {1})) OR ((ims.type = {2}) AND (ims.value LIKE {3}))
{0: 'work', 1: '%@example.com%', 2: 'xmpp', 3: '%@foo.com%'}

The fourth step is to take what is a segment of a SQL WHERE clause and complete the rest of the SQL query.

sfp-query 'emails[type eq "work" and value co "@example.com"] or ims[type eq "xmpp" and value co "@foo.com"]'

>>> DO NOT USE THIS OUTPUT DIRECTLY
>>> SQL INJECTION ATTACK RISK
>>> SQL PREVIEW:
    SELECT DISTINCT users.*
    FROM users
    LEFT JOIN emails ON emails.user_id = users.id
    LEFT JOIN schemas ON schemas.user_id = users.id
    WHERE ((emails.type = work) AND (emails.value LIKE %@example.com%)) OR ((ims.type = xmpp) AND (ims.value LIKE %@foo.com%));

Please note that SFP does not build SQL queries with parameters pre-injected. That would create a SQL injection attack vulnerability. Instead a SQLQuery object is created and can be forced to display itself as seen above by print ing the query object.

Installation

pip install scim2-filter-parser

Use

Although command line shims are provided, the library is intended to be used programmatically. Users of the library should instantiate the scim2_filter_parser.queries.SQLQuery class with an attribute map and optionally any joins necessary to make all required fields accessible in the query.

For example, if user information is stored in the users table and email information is stored in a different table emails, then the attribute map and the joins might be defined as so:

from scim2_filter_parser.queries import SQLQuery

attr_map = {
    ('userName', None, None): 'users.username',
    ('name', 'familyName', None): 'users.family_name',
    ('meta', 'lastModified', None): 'users.update_ts',
    ('emails', None, None): 'emails.address',
    ('emails', 'value', None): 'emails.address',
}

joins = (
    'LEFT JOIN emails ON emails.user_id = users.id',
)

filter_ = 'name.familyName co "Simpson" or emails.value eq "lisa@example.com"'

q = SQLQuery(filter_, 'users', attr_map, joins)

q.sql # Will be...

SELECT DISTINCT users.*
FROM users
LEFT JOIN emails ON emails.user_id = users.id
WHERE (users.family_name LIKE %s) OR (emails.address = %s);

q.params # Will be...

['%Simpson%', 'lisa@example.com']

The attribute_map (attr_map) is a mapping of SCIM attribute, subattribute, and schema uri to a table field. You will need to customize this to your particular database schema.

The SQLQuery.sql method returns SQL that can be used as the first argument in a call to cursor.execute() with your favorite DB engine. If you are using a database that requires a replacement character other than ‘%s’, then you can subclass the SQLQuery class and override the placeholder class level variable. See the query module and unit tests for an example of this subclassing with SQLite.

The SQLQuery.params method returns a list of items that can be used as the second argument in a call to cursor.execute().

Django

If you would like to produce a Django Q object instead of a raw SQL query, you can pass a SCIM filter query and attribute map to the get_query function from the module scim2_filter_parser.transpilers.django_q_object. For example:

get_query(scim_query: str, attr_map: Mapping)

This Q object can then be passed to a Django filter query like so:

query = get_query(scim_query, attr_map)
User.objects.filter(query)

Please note that you will need to install the Django Query extra like for this feature to be available:

pip install scim2-filter-parser[django-query]

Speed

SFP is pretty fast. Check out the speed_test.py script for details on the long and short filter queries tested. SFP transpiled a short filter query into SQL in under 54 microseconds. For a longer query, SFP only took 273 microseconds.

➜  scim2-filter-parser git:(master) ✗ python -m timeit -s "import speed_test" "speed_test.short()"
10000 loops, best of 3: 53.8 usec per loop
➜  scim2-filter-parser git:(master) ✗ python -m timeit -s "import speed_test" "speed_test.long()"
1000 loops, best of 3: 273 usec per loop

This project is still in its alpha stage of life and should be used accordingly.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for scim2-filter-parser, version 0.3.7
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size scim2-filter-parser-0.3.7.tar.gz (20.6 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page