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A Great Dane turned Python environment detective

Project description

Scooby

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A Great Dane turned Python environment detective

This is a lightweight toolset to easily report your Python environment's package versions and hardware resources.

Install from PyPI

pip install scooby

or from conda-forge

conda install -c conda-forge scooby

Jupyter Notebook Formatting

Scooby has HTML formatting for Jupyter notebooks and rich text formatting for just about every other environment. We designed this module to be lightweight such that it could easily be added as a dependency to Python projects for environment reporting when debugging. Simply add scooby to your dependencies and implement a function to have scooby report on the aspects of the environment you care most about.

If scooby is unable to detect aspects of an environment that you'd like to know, please share this with us as a feature requests or pull requests.

The scooby reporting is derived from the versioning-scripts created by Dieter Werthmüller for empymod, emg3d, and the SimPEG framework. It was heavily inspired by ipynbtools.py from qutip and watermark.py. This package has been altered to create a lightweight implementation so that it can easily be used as an environment reporting tool in any Python library with minimal impact.

Usage

Generating Reports

Reports are rendered as html-tables in Jupyter notebooks as shown in the screenshot above, and otherwise as plain text lists. If you do not output the report object either at the end of a notebook cell or it is generated somewhere in a vanilla Python script, you may have to print the report object: print(scooby.Report()), but note that this will only output the plain text representation of the script.

>>> import scooby
>>> scooby.Report()
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Date: Wed Feb 12 15:35:43 2020 W. Europe Standard Time

                OS : Windows
            CPU(s) : 16
           Machine : AMD64
      Architecture : 64bit
               RAM : 31.9 GB
       Environment : IPython

  Python 3.7.6 | packaged by conda-forge | (default, Jan  7 2020, 21:48:41)
  [MSC v.1916 64 bit (AMD64)]

             numpy : 1.18.1
             scipy : 1.3.1
           IPython : 7.12.0
        matplotlib : 3.0.3
            scooby : 0.5.0

  Intel(R) Math Kernel Library Version 2019.0.4 Product Build 20190411 for
  Intel(R) 64 architecture applications
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On top of the default (optional) packages you can provide additional packages, either as strings or give already imported packages:

>>> import pyvista
>>> import scooby
>>> scooby.Report(additional=[pyvista, 'vtk', 'no_version', 'does_not_exist'])
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Date: Wed Feb 12 16:15:15 2020 W. Europe Standard Time

                OS : Windows
            CPU(s) : 16
           Machine : AMD64
      Architecture : 64bit
               RAM : 31.9 GB
       Environment : IPython

  Python 3.7.6 | packaged by conda-forge | (default, Jan  7 2020, 21:48:41)
  [MSC v.1916 64 bit (AMD64)]

           pyvista : 0.23.1
               vtk : 8.1.2
        no_version : Version unknown
    does_not_exist : Could not import
             numpy : 1.18.1
             scipy : 1.3.1
           IPython : 7.12.0
        matplotlib : 3.0.3
            scooby : 0.5.0

  Intel(R) Math Kernel Library Version 2019.0.4 Product Build 20190411 for
  Intel(R) 64 architecture applications
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

As can be seen, scooby reports if a package could not be imported or if the version of a package could not be determined.

Other useful parameters are

  • ncol: number of columns in the html-table;
  • text_width: text width of the plain-text version;
  • sort: list is sorted alphabetically if True.

Besides additional there are two more lists, core and optional, which can be used to provide package names. However, they are mostly useful for package maintainers wanting to use scooby to create their reporting system. See below:

Implementing scooby in your project

You can generate easily your own Report-instance using scooby:

class Report(scooby.Report):
    def __init__(self, additional=None, ncol=3, text_width=80, sort=False):
        """Initiate a scooby.Report instance."""

        # Mandatory packages.
        core = ['yourpackage', 'your_core_packages', 'e.g.', 'numpy', 'scooby']

        # Optional packages.
        optional = ['your_optional_packages', 'e.g.', 'matplotlib']

        scooby.Report.__init__(self, additional=additional, core=core,
                               optional=optional, ncol=ncol,
                               text_width=text_width, sort=sort)

So a user can use your Report:

>>> import your_package
>>> your_package.Report()

The packages on the core-list are the mandatory ones for your project, while the optional-list can be used for optional packages. Keep the additional-list free to allow your users to add packages to the list.

Implementing as a soft dependency

If you would like to implement scooby, but are hesitant to add another dependency to your package, here an easy way how you can use scooby as a soft dependency. Instead of import scooby use the following snippet:

# Make scooby a soft dependency:
try:
    from scooby import Report as ScoobyReport
except ImportError:
    class ScoobyReport:
        def __init__(self, additional, core, optional, ncol, text_width, sort):
            print('\n  *ERROR*: `Report` requires `scooby`.'
                  '\n           Install it via `pip install scooby` or')
                  '\n           `conda install -c conda-forge scooby`.\n')

and then include your own Report-function as above,

class Report(scooby.Report):
    def __init__(self, additional=None, ncol=3, text_width=80, sort=False):
        """Initiate a scooby.Report instance."""

        # Mandatory packages.
        core = ['yourpackage', 'your_core_packages', 'e.g.', 'numpy', 'scooby']

        # Optional packages.
        optional = ['your_optional_packages', 'e.g.', 'matplotlib']

        scooby.Report.__init__(self, additional=additional, core=core,
                               optional=optional, ncol=ncol,
                               text_width=text_width, sort=sort)

If a user has scooby installed, all works as expected. If scooby is not installed, it will just print the following message:

>>> import your_package
>>> your_package.Report()

  *ERROR*: `Report` requires `scooby`
           Install it via `pip install scooby` or
           `conda install -c conda-forge scooby`.

Solving Mysteries

Are you struggling with the mystery of whether or not code is being executed in IPython, Jupyter, or normal Python? Try using some of Scooby's investigative functions to solve these kinds of mysteries:

import scooby

if scooby.in_ipykernel():
    # Do Jupyter/IPyKernel stuff
elif scooby.in_ipython():
    # Do IPython stuff
else:
    # Do normal, boring Python stuff

How does scooby gets the version number?

A couple of locations are checked, and we are happy to implement more if needed, just open an issue!

Currently, it looks in the following places:

  • __version__;
  • version;
  • lookup VERSION_ATTRIBUTES;
  • lookup VERSION_METHODS.

VERSION_ATTRIBUTES is a dictionary of attributes for known python packages with a non-standard place for the version, e.g. VERSION_ATTRIBUTES['vtk'] = 'VTK_VERSION'. You can add other known places via

scooby.knowledge.VERSION_ATTRIBUTES['a_module'] = 'Awesom_version_location'

Similarly, VERSION_METHODS is a dictionary for methods to find the version, and you can add similarly your methods which will define the version of a package.

Using scooby to get version information.

If you are just interested in the version of a package then you can use scooby as well. A few examples:

>>> import scooby, numpy
>>> scooby.get_version(numpy)
('numpy', '1.16.4')
>>> scooby.get_version('no_version')
('no_version', 'Version unknown')
>>> scooby.get_version('does_not_exist')
('does_not_exist', 'Could not import')

Again, modules can be provided as already loaded ones or as string.

Tracking Imports in a Session

Scooby has the ability to track all imported modules during a Python session such that any imported, non-standard lib package that is used in the session is reported by a TrackedReport. For instance, start a session by importing Scooby and enabling tracking with the track_imports() function. Then all subsequent packages that are imported during the session will be tracked and Scooby can report their versions. Once you are ready to generate a report, instantiate a TrackedReport object.

In the following example, we import a constant from scipy which will report the versions of scipy and numpy as both packages are loaded in the session (note that numpy is internally loaded by scipy).

>>> import scooby
>>> scooby.track_imports()

>>> from scipy.constants import mu_0 # a float value

>>> scooby.TrackedReport()
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Date: Thu Apr 16 15:33:11 2020 MDT

                OS : Linux
            CPU(s) : 8
           Machine : x86_64
      Architecture : 64bit
               RAM : 62.7 GB
       Environment : IPython

  Python 3.7.7 (default, Mar 10 2020, 15:16:38)  [GCC 7.5.0]

            scooby : 0.5.2
             numpy : 1.18.1
             scipy : 1.4.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Optional Requirements

The following is a list of optional requirements and their purpose:

  • psutil: report total RAM in GB
  • mkl-services: report Intel(R) Math Kernel Library version

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