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A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.

Project description


shortuuid is a simple python library that generates concise, unambiguous, URL-safe UUIDs.

Often, one needs to use non-sequential IDs in places where users will see them, but the IDs must be as concise and easy to use as possible. shortuuid solves this problem by generating uuids using Python's built-in uuid module and then translating them to base57 using lowercase and uppercase letters and digits, and removing similar-looking characters such as l, 1, I, O and 0.



To install shortuuid you need:

  • Python 3.6+

If you have the dependencies, you have multiple options of installation:


To use shortuuid, just import it in your project like so:

>>> import shortuuid

You can then generate a short UUID:

>>> shortuuid.uuid()

If you prefer a version 5 UUID, you can pass a name (DNS or URL) to the call and it will be used as a namespace (uuid.NAMESPACE_DNS or uuid.NAMESPACE_URL) for the resulting UUID:

>>> shortuuid.uuid(name="")

>>> shortuuid.uuid(name="<>")

You can also generate a cryptographically secure random string (using os.urandom() internally) with:

>>> shortuuid.ShortUUID().random(length=22)

To see the alphabet that is being used to generate new UUIDs:

>>> shortuuid.get_alphabet()

If you want to use your own alphabet to generate UUIDs, use set_alphabet():

>>> shortuuid.set_alphabet("aaaaabcdefgh1230123")
>>> shortuuid.uuid()

The default alphabet matches the regex [2-9A-HJ-NP-Za-km-z]{22}.

shortuuid will automatically sort and remove duplicates from your alphabet to ensure consistency:

>>> shortuuid.get_alphabet()

If the default 22 digits are too long for you, you can get shorter IDs by just truncating the string to the desired length. The IDs won't be universally unique any longer, but the probability of a collision will still be very low.

To serialize existing UUIDs, use encode() and decode():

>>> import uuid
>>> u = uuid.uuid4()
>>> u

>>> s = shortuuid.encode(u)
>>> s

>>> shortuuid.decode(s) == u

>>> short = s[:7]
>>> short

>>> h = shortuuid.decode(short)

>>> shortuuid.decode(shortuuid.encode(h)) == h

Class-based usage

If you need to have various alphabets per-thread, you can use the ShortUUID class, like so:

>>> su = shortuuid.ShortUUID(alphabet="01345678")
>>> su.uuid()

>>> su.get_alphabet()

>>> su.set_alphabet("21345687654123456")
>>> su.get_alphabet()

Command-line usage

shortuuid provides a simple way to generate a short UUID in a terminal:

$ shortuuid

Django field

shortuuid includes a Django field that generates random short UUIDs by default, for your convenience:

from shortuuid.django_fields import ShortUUIDField

class MyModel(models.Model):
    # A primary key ID of length 16 and a short alphabet.
    id = ShortUUIDField(

    # A short UUID of length 22 and the default alphabet.
    api_key = ShortUUIDField()

The field is the same as the CharField, with a length argument (the length of the ID), an alphabet argument, and the default argument removed. Everything else is exactly the same, e.g. index, help_text, max_length, etc.

Compatibility note

Versions of ShortUUID prior to 1.0.0 generated UUIDs with their MSB last, i.e. reversed. This was later fixed, but if you have some UUIDs stored as a string with the old method, you need to pass legacy=True to decode() when converting your strings back to UUIDs.

That option will go away in the future, so you will want to convert your UUIDs to strings using the new method. This can be done like so:

>>> new_uuid_str = encode(decode(old_uuid_str, legacy=True))


shortuuid is distributed under the BSD license.

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