Skip to main content
Join the official 2020 Python Developers SurveyStart the survey!

Helpers for interacting with the Snap system within a Snap

Project description

Latest Version Build Status Coverage Status Documentation Status

A Python library to interact with snap configuration and properties from inside a snap.

It exposes a top-level snaphelpers.Snap object which provides access to:

  • snap details:

    >>> snap = snaphelpers.Snap()
    >>> snap.name
    'testapp'
    >>> snap.instance_name
    'testapp'
    >>> snap.version
    '0+git.fdf80cd'
    >>> snap.revision
    'x1'
    
  • paths:

    >>> snap.paths.common
    PosixPath('/var/snap/testapp/common')
    >>> snap.paths.data
    PosixPath('/var/snap/testapp/x1')
    >>> snap.paths.snap
    PosixPath('/snap/testapp/x1')
    >>> snap.paths.user_common
    PosixPath('/home/ack/snap/testapp/common')
    >>> snap.paths.user_data
    PosixPath('/home/ack/snap/testapp/x1')
    
  • snap-related environment variables:

    >>> pprint.pprint(dict(snap.environ))
    {'ARCH': 'amd64',
     'COMMON': '/var/snap/testapp/common',
     'CONTEXT': 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890',
     'COOKIE': 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890',
     'DATA': '/var/snap/testapp/x1',
     'INSTANCE_KEY': '',
     'INSTANCE_NAME': 'testapp',
     'LIBRARY_PATH': '/var/lib/snapd/lib/gl:/var/lib/snapd/lib/gl32:/var/lib/snapd/void',
     'NAME': 'testapp',
     'REEXEC': '',
     'REVISION': 'x1',
     'SNAP': '/snap/testapp/x1',
     'USER_COMMON': '/home/ack/snap/testapp/common',
     'USER_DATA': '/home/ack/snap/testapp/x1',
     'VERSION': '0+git.fdf80cd'}
    >>> snap.environ.ARCH
    'amd64'
    
  • configuration options:

    >>> snap.config.set({'foo.bar': 'baz', 'asdf': 3})  # this needs to be run as root
    >>> options = snap.config.get_options('foo', 'asdf')
    >>> options['foo']
    {'bar': 'baz'}
    >>> options['foo.bar']
    'baz'
    >>> options['asdf']
    3
    >>> options.as_dict()
    {'asdf': 3, 'foo': {'bar': 'baz'}}
    
  • setting snap health status, along with message and optional status code:

    >>> snap.health.okay()
    >>> snap.health.waiting('foo must happen first', code='wait-foo')
    

    Health status (when different from okay) is visible from the snap CLI:

    $ snap info snap-helpers
    name:    snap-helpers
    summary: Test snap for snap-helpers
    health:
      status:  waiting
      message: foo must happen first
      code:    wait-foo
      checked: today at 16:23 CEST
    
  • content of snap metadata files such as:

    • snap/metadata.yaml
    • meta/snap.yaml
    • snap/snapcraft.yaml

    These can be accessed as follows:

    >>> snap.metadata_files.snap
    SnapMetadataFile(/snap/snap-helpers/x3/meta/snap.yaml)
    >>> pprint(dict(snap.metadata_files.snap))
    {'apps': {'ipython': {'command': 'snap/command-chain/snapcraft-runner '
                                     '$SNAP/command-ipython.wrapper',
                          'plugs': ['home', 'network', 'network-bind']},
              'python': {'command': 'snap/command-chain/snapcraft-runner '
                                    '$SNAP/command-python.wrapper',
                         'plugs': ['home', 'network', 'network-bind']},
              'snap-helpers': {'command': 'snap/command-chain/snapcraft-runner '
                                          '$SNAP/command-snap-helpers.wrapper',
                               'plugs': ['home', 'network', 'network-bind']}},
     'architectures': ['amd64'],
     'base': 'core18',
     'confinement': 'strict',
     'description': 'Test snap for snap-helpers.\n'
                    '\n'
                    'It provides python and ipython shells to test the '
                    '`snaphelpers` library.\n',
     'grade': 'stable',
     'name': 'snap-helpers',
     'summary': 'Test snap for snap-helpers',
     'version': '0.1.6+git6.37370cd'}
    

Hook helpers

The library provides helpers to reduce boilerplate when setting up hooks for the snap.

Hooks can be defined by simply registering functions to be called as hooks via entry_points in the application setup.py:

setup(
    # ...
    entry_points={
        "snaphelpers.hooks": [
            "configure = testapp:configure_hook",
            "install = testapp:install_hook",
        ]
    }
)

Hook functions are called with a Snap object as argument:

def install_hook(snap: snaphelpers.Snap):
    # ...


def configure_hook(snap: snaphelpers.Snap):
    # ...

snap-helpers will take care of the hooks plumbing (i.e. creating hook files in $SNAP/snap/hooks).

Alternatively, the configuration can be done in setup.cfg:

[options.entry_points]
snaphelpers.hooks =
    install = testapp:install_hook
    configure = testapp:configure_hook

Testing with the snap

The snap-helpers snap provides a way to easily test code using the library in a real snap environment with strict confinement.

It provides an IPython shell which automatically imports the snaphelpers module and provides a Snap instance for the current snap.

$ snap-helpers
Python 3.6.8 (default, Aug 20 2019, 17:12:48)
Type 'copyright', 'credits' or 'license' for more information
IPython 7.8.0 -- An enhanced Interactive Python. Type '?' for help.


Use the "snap" variable for an instance for the current snap.

In [1]: import pprint

In [2]: pprint.pprint(dict(snap.environ))
{'ARCH': 'amd64',
 'COMMON': '/var/snap/snap-helpers/common',
 'CONTEXT': 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890',
 'COOKIE': 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ1234567890',
 'DATA': '/var/snap/snap-helpers/x1',
 'INSTANCE_KEY': '',
 'INSTANCE_NAME': 'snap-helpers',
 'LIBRARY_PATH': '/var/lib/snapd/lib/gl:/var/lib/snapd/lib/gl32:/var/lib/snapd/void',
 'NAME': 'snap-helpers',
 'REEXEC': '',
 'REVISION': 'x1',
 'SNAP': '/snap/snap-helpers/x1',
 'USER_COMMON': '/home/ack/snap/snap-helpers/common',
 'USER_DATA': '/home/ack/snap/snap-helpers/x1',
 'VERSION': '0.1.6+git1.4a0b997'}

The snap can be built and installed as follows:

$ snapcraft
$ sudo snap install --dangerous snap-helpers_*.snap

Installation

snap-helpers can be installed from PyPI.

Run:

$ pip install snap-helpers

Documentation

Full documentation is available on ReadTheDocs.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for snap-helpers, version 0.2.0
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size snap-helpers-0.2.0.tar.gz (20.1 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page