SonarQube API Handler
API Handler for SonarQube web service, providing basic authentication (which seems to be the only kind that SonarQube supports) and a few methods to fetch metrics and rules, as well as methods to create rules and (soon) profiles.
Install from PyPI:
pip install sonarqube-api
This package is compatible Python versions 2.7, 3.4, 3.5 and 3.6. Probably others, but those are the ones against which we build (by Travis CI).
The API handler is easy to use, you just need to initialize it with the connection parameters (by default localhost on port 9000 without authentication) and use any of the methods to get the required information or create rules.
Example getting projects with coverage and issues metrics:
from sonarqube_api import SonarAPIHandler h = SonarAPIHandler(user='admin', password='admin') for project in h.get_resources_full_data(metrics=['coverage', 'violations']): # do something with project data...
Since the actual response data from SonarQube server is usually paged, all methods return generators to optimize memory as well retrieval performance of the first items.
You can also specify a single resources to fetch, but keep in mind that the resource methods return generators, so you still need to get the next object:
proj = next(h.get_resources_full_data(resource='some:example'))
Sonar authentication tokens can also be used in place of username and password, which is particularly useful when accessing the SonarQube API from a CI server, as tokens can easily be revoked in the event of unintended exposure:
h = SonarAPIHandler(token='f052f55b127bb06f63c31cb2064ea301048d9e5d')
The methods supported by the SonarAPIHandler are:
- activate_rule: activate a rule for a given profile in the server
- create_rule: create a rule in the server
- get_metrics: yield metrics definition
- get_rules: yield active rules
- get_resources_debt: yield projects with their technical debt by category
- get_resources_metrics: yield projects with some general metrics
- get_resources_full_data: yield projects with their general metrics and technical debt by category (merge of previous two methods)
- validate_authentication: validate authentication credentials
The package also provides a few commands you can use from the shell to export or migrate rules in SonarQube servers.
The command export-sonarqube-rules reads the rules in a SonarQube server and creates two files with their data. One is a csv with a snapshot of the rule (including key, name, status, etc) and the other one is an html with all the information, including description and examples.
The command uses sensible defaults, so the following:
Will export all rules on the server running at localhost:9000 into the files rules.csv and rules.html on your home directory.
But you can change the host, authentication, or filter the rules with a number of available options:
export-sonarqube-rules --host=http://sonar.example.com --user=admin --active-only --languages=py,js
For the complete set of export options run:
The command activate-sonarqube-rules reads an input csv file and activates the rules on a SonarQube server for a quality profile, according to the definitions on the file.
The command requires a profile key and a file name:
activate-sonarqube-rules py-test-18349 active-rules.csv
As usual, you can customize all the server connection parameters, which you can view with the help command:
The file can be very simple: the only required field in the file is key (for the rule key), but you can also define the severity and customize any parameter such as xpathQuery, message, format… anything at all. You can also use reset (which takes values true/yes) to force using defaults for all values–for which rule all other params will be ignored.
The command migrate-sonarqube-rules reads the custom rules in a SonarQube server (the source) and tries to recreate them in another SonarQube server (the target). Since by default it uses localhost for both source and target, you’ll need to specify at least one of the hosts.
For example, to copy all custom rules defined in server sonar.from.com to server sonar.to.com, you would execute:
migrate-sonarqube-rules --source-host=http://sonar.from.com --target-host=http://sonar.to.com
As with the previous command, you can specify all the connection options (--source-port, --target-port, --source-user, etc).
For the complete set of export options run:
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