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Python module that wraps SVDLIBC, a library for sparse Singular Value Decomposition.

Project description

sparsesvd is a Python wrapper around the SVDLIBC library by Doug Rohde, which is itself based on Michael Berry’s SVDPACK.

sparsesvd uses SciPy’s sparse CSC (Compressed Sparse Column) matrix format as input to SVD. This is the same format used internally by SVDLIBC, so that no extra data copies need to be made by the Python wrapper (memory-efficient).

For a more scalable implementation of truncated SVD, see the gensim package (contains an incremental, online SVD algorithm).


In order to install sparsesvd, you’ll need NumPy, Scipy and Cython.

Install sparsesvd and its dependencies with:

pip install numpy
pip install scipy
pip install cython
pip install sparsesvd

In case of problems, see for instructions on installing SciPy on various platforms.

If you have instead downloaded and unzipped the source tar.gz package, run:

python test
sudo python install

This version has been tested under Python 2.6 and 3.2, but should run on any later versions of both 2.x and 3.x series.


The sparsesvd module offers a single function, sparsesvd, which accepts two parameters. One is a sparse matrix in the scipy.sparse.csc_matrix format, the other the number of requested factors (an integer):

>>> import numpy, scipy.sparse
>>> from sparsesvd import sparsesvd
>>> mat = numpy.random.rand(200, 100) # create a random matrix
>>> smat = scipy.sparse.csc_matrix(mat) # convert to sparse CSC format
>>> ut, s, vt = sparsesvd(smat, 100) # do SVD, asking for 100 factors
>>> assert numpy.allclose(mat,,, vt)))

Original wrapper by Lubos Kardos, package updated and maintained by Radim Rehurek, Cython and Python 3.x port by Alejandro Pulver. For an application of sparse SVD to Latent Semantic Analysis, see the gensim package.

You can use this code under the simplified BSD license.

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