Build services in python with as little code as possible
There is a lot of boilerplate and copypasta associated with building services (or any other software that runs continuously and does things)
sparts is a python library developed at Facebook that aims to eliminate as much of the skeleton code as possible, making it as dead simple to write new services with little to no excess code.
- Be able to implement services with as little code as possible
- Support as many RPC transports as possible (thrift, http, dbus, etc)
- Make it painless to integrate services that require custom IO loops (twisted, tornado, glib, etc)
A sparts service typically consists of two parts, the core “service”, and its “tasks”. Background and offline processing is generally done by tasks, while common or shared functionality belongs to the service.
sparts.vtask.VService - This is the core of any sparts service.
Simply subclass VService for any custom service instance logic, and run its initFromCLI() and you are done.
For example, myservice.py:
from sparts.vservice import VService class MyService(VService): pass MyService.initFromCLI()
Now, you can run this file with the -h option (to see the available options), or run with: python myservice.py
This should emit something like the following output:
DEBUG:VService:All tasks started``
And pressing ^C will emit:
^CINFO:VService:KeyboardInterrupt Received! Stopping Tasks... INFO:VService:Instance shut down gracefully
This simple service, by itself, is pretty damn useless. That’s where Tasks come into play
sparts.vtask.VTask - This is the base class for all tasks
Tasks are what trigger your program to take action. This action can be processing periodic events, handling HTTP requests, handling thrift requests, working on items from a queue, waking up on an event, operating some ioloop, or whatever.
Here’s a simple example of a service with tasks (requires tornado installed):
from sparts.vservice import VService from sparts.tasks.tornado import TornadoHTTPTask TornadoHTTPTask.register() VService.initFromCLI()
Now running it emits:
> python myservice.py --http-port 8000 INFO:VService.TornadoHTTPTask:TornadoHTTPTask Server Started on 0.0.0.0 (port 8000) INFO:VService.TornadoHTTPTask:TornadoHTTPTask Server Started on :: (port 8000) DEBUG:MyService:All tasks started
And as you can see, you can curl the webserver:
> curl localhost:8000 Hello, world
Tasks can be subclassed to do all kinds of things. This one prints the current unix timestamp every second:
from sparts.tasks.periodic import PeriodicTask class PrintClock(PeriodicTask): INTERVAL = 1.0 def execute(self): print time.time() PrintClock.register() from sparts.vservice import VService VService.initFromCLI()
And the result:
DEBUG:VService:All tasks started DEBUG:VService:VService Active. Awaiting graceful shutdown. 1376081805.08 1376081806.08 1376081807.08 1376081808.08 1376081809.08 1376081810.08 1376081811.08
If you have any questions, comments, feedback, suggestions, etc, please feel free to contact me at any time.
sparts is BSD-licensed. We also provide an additional patent grant.
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