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Pluggable session support for Starlette.

Project description

Pluggable session support for Starlette and FastAPI frameworks

This package is based on this long standing pull request in the mainstream by the same author.

Installation

Install starsessions using PIP or poetry:

pip install starsessions
# or
poetry add starsessions

Use redis extra for Redis support.

Quick start

See example application in examples/ directory of this repository.

Enable session support

In order to enable session support add starsessions.SessionMiddleware to your application.

from starlette.applications import Starlette
from starlette.middleware import Middleware
from starsessions import SessionMiddleware

middleware = [
    Middleware(SessionMiddleware, secret_key='TOP SECRET'),
]

app = Starlette(middleware=middleware, **other_options)

Session autoloading

Note, for performance reasons session won't be autoloaded by default, you need to explicitly call await request.session.load() before accessing the session otherwise SessionNotLoaded exception will be raised. You can change this behavior by passing autoload=True to your middleware settings:

Middleware(SessionMiddleware, secret_key='TOP SECRET', autoload=True)

Cookie path

You can pass path arguments to enable session cookies on specific URLs. For example, to activate session cookie only for admin area (which is hosted under /admin path prefix), use path="/admin" middleware argument.

Middleware(SessionMiddleware, path = '/admin', ...)

All other URLs not matching value of path will not receive cookie thus session will be unavailable.

Cookie domain

You can also specify which hosts can receive a cookie by passing domain argument to the middleware.

Middleware(SessionMiddleware, domain = 'example.com', ...)

Note, this makes session cookie available for subdomains too. For example, when you set domain=example.com then session cookie will be available on subdomains like app.example.com.

Session-only cookies

If you want session cookie to automatically remove from tbe browser when tab closes then set max_age to 0:

Middleware(SessionMiddleware, max_age=0, ...)

Default session backend

The default backend is CookieBackend. You don't need to configure it just pass secret_key argument and the backend will be automatically configured for you.

Change default backend

When you want to use a custom session storage then pass a desired backend instance via backend argument of the middleware.

from starlette.applications import Starlette
from starlette.middleware.sessions import SessionMiddleware
from starlette.sessions import CookieBackend

backend = CookieBackend(secret_key='secret', max_age=3600)

app = Starlette()
app.add_middleware(SessionMiddleware, backend=backend)

Built-in backends

Memory

Class: starsessions.InMemoryBackend

Simply stores data in memory. The data is cleared after server restart. Mostly for use with unit tests.

CookieBackend

Class: starsessions.CookieBackend

Stores session data in a signed cookie on the client. This is the default backend.

Redis

Class: starsessions.backends.redis.RedisBackend

Requires aioredis, use pip install starsessions[redis] or poetry add starsessions[redis]

Stores session data in a Redis server. The backend accepts either connection URL or an instance of aioredis.Redis.

import aioredis
from starsessions.backends.redis import RedisBackend

backend = RedisBackend('redis://localhost')
# or
redis = aioredis.from_url('redis://localhost')

backend = RedisBackend(connection=redis)

Custom backend

Creating new backends is quite simple. All you need is to extend starsessions.SessionBackend class and implement abstract methods.

Here is an example of how we can create a memory-based session backend. Note, it is important that write method returns session ID as a string value.

from starlette.sessions import SessionBackend
from typing import Dict


# instance of class which manages session persistence

class InMemoryBackend(SessionBackend):
    def __init__(self):
        self._storage = {}

    async def read(self, session_id: str) -> Dict:
        """ Read session data from a data source using session_id. """
        return self._storage.get(session_id, {})

    async def write(self, data: Dict, session_id: str = None) -> str:
        """ Write session data into data source and return session id. """
        session_id = session_id or await self.generate_id()
        self._storage[session_id] = data
        return session_id

    async def remove(self, session_id: str):
        """ Remove session data. """
        del self._storage[session_id]

    async def exists(self, session_id: str) -> bool:
        return session_id in self._storage

Serializers

Sometimes you cannot pass raw session data to the backend. The data must be serialized into something the backend can handle.

Some backends (like RedisBackend) optionally accept serializer argument that will be used to serialize and deserialize session data. By default, we provide (and use) starsessions.JsonSerializer but you can implement your own by extending starsessions.Serializer class.

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