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Better os.walk

Project description

stroll is a drop-in substitute for os.path.walk() with more features:

  • Unix-style globs or “star notation” like *.py

  • Walks over multiple roots

  • Calls expanduser to handle paths like ~/foo.txt

  • Yields pathlib.Path() instead of str

  • Yields full absolute paths by default

  • Can exclude or include files flexibly by pattern or function

  • Raises FileNotFoundError if a root directory doesn’t exist, instead of silently doing nothing like os.walk does

  • Excludes dotfiles by default

  • Includes two functions for ignoring generated files in a Python project:

    • The Python build, test and release cycle tend to leave generated files in places like build/ or __pycache__/, and usually you want to ignore these

    • stroll.python_source() iterates over Python source files

    • stroll.python() iterates over all source files in a Python project

    • The files and directories that are ignored are:
      • files or directories that start with a .

      • .egg-info/ and __pycache__/

      • build/, dist/ and htmlcov/ at the top level only

API

stroll()

stroll(
     roots='.',
     topdown=True,
     onerror=None,
     followlinks=False,
     include=None,
     exclude=<function dotfile at 0x10c6e47b8>,
     directories=False,
     relative=False,
     with_root=None,
     sort=True,
     suffix=None,
     separator=',',
     ignore_missing_roots=False,
)

(stroll.py, 59-228)

Directory walker that improves on os.walk().

For each directory in roots, walk through each file in each subdirectory and yield a Path to that file. Ignores dotfiles by default.

EXAMPLE

import stroll

for f in stroll('~/foo:~/bar'):
    if f.suffix == '.txt':
        print(f)

for f in stroll.python_source('/code/project'):
    assert f.suffix == '.py'
ARGUMENTS
roots

Either a list or tuple of strings, or a single string that is split using separator (defaults to ,, the comma).

topdown (argument to os.walk)

If optional arg topdown is true or not specified, the Path to a directory is generated before any of its subdirectories - directories are generated top-down.

If topdown is false, the Path to a directory is generated after all of its subdirectories - directories are generated bottom up.

onerror (argument to os.walk)

By default errors from the os.scandir() call are ignored. If optional arg onerror is specified, it should be a function; it will be called with one argument, an OSError instance. It can report the error to continue with the walk, or raise the exception to abort the walk. Note that the filename is available as the filename attribute of the exception object.

followlinks (argument to os.walk)

By default, os.walk() does not follow symbolic links to subdirectories on systems that support them. In order to get this functionality, set the optional argument followlinks to true.

Caution: if you pass a relative pathname for top, don’t change the current working directory between resumptions of walk. os.walk() never changes the current directory, and assumes that the client doesn’t either.

include

A list of patterns that files must match.

Patterns can either be a Unix-style match string, or a Python callable which returns True if the file matches

exclude

A list of patterns that files cannot match (and will skip).

Patterns can either be a Unix-style match string, or a Python callable which returns True if the file matches.

directories

If true, both files and directories are yielded. If false, the default, only files are yielded

relative

If true, file paths are relative to the root they were found in. If false, the default, absolute paths are generated.

with_root

If true, pairs looking like (root, filepath) are generated. If False, just file paths are generated. If None, the default, pairs are generated only if there is more than one root and relative paths are selected.

sort

If true, files or subdirectories are generated in sorted order. If false, the default, files or subdirectories are generated in whatever order the operating system gives them, which might be sorted anyway

suffix

If None, the default, there is no suffix matching. Note that include and exclude might match suffixes independently.

ignore_missing_roots

If true, root directories that do not exist are silently skipped. If false, the default, all roots are checked for existence before any files are generated.

stroll.python()

stroll.python(
     roots,
     topdown=True,
     onerror=None,
     followlinks=False,
     include=None,
     exclude=(<function dotfile at 0x10c6e47b8>, <function match_root at 0x10c754400>, <function match_suffix at 0x10c754488>, <function match at 0x10c754510>),
     directories=False,
     relative=False,
     with_root=None,
     sort=True,
     suffix=None,
     separator=',',
     ignore_missing_roots=False,
)

Iterate over a Python project, skipping generated files

stroll.python_source()

stroll.python_source(
     roots,
     topdown=True,
     onerror=None,
     followlinks=False,
     include='*.py',
     exclude=(<function dotfile at 0x10c6e47b8>, <function match_root at 0x10c754400>, <function match_suffix at 0x10c754488>, <function match at 0x10c754510>),
     directories=False,
     relative=False,
     with_root=None,
     sort=True,
     suffix=None,
     separator=',',
     ignore_missing_roots=False,
)

Iterate over *.py files in a Python project, skipping generated files

(automatically generated by doks on 2020-11-21T15:09:32.268025)

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