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Applying GAN in tabular data generation for uneven distribution

Project description

CodeFactor Code style: black License

GANs for tabular data

We well know GANs for success in the realistic image generation. However, they can be applied in tabular data generation. We will review and examine some recent papers about tabular GANs in action.

Library goal

Let say we have T_train and T_test (train and test set respectively). We need to train the model on T_train and make predictions on T_test. However, we will increase the train by generating new data by GAN, somehow similar to T_test, without using ground truth labels.

How to use library

  • Installation: pip install tabgan
  • To generate new data to train by sampling and then filtering by adversarial training call GANGenerator().generate_data_pipe:
from tabgan.sampler import OriginalGenerator, GANGenerator
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

# random input data
train = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randint(-10, 150, size=(50, 4)), columns=list("ABCD"))
target = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randint(0, 2, size=(50, 1)), columns=list("Y"))
test = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randint(0, 100, size=(100, 4)), columns=list("ABCD"))

# generate data
new_train1, new_target1 = OriginalGenerator().generate_data_pipe(train, target, test, )
new_train1, new_target1 = GANGenerator().generate_data_pipe(train, target, test, )

# example with all params defined
new_train3, new_target3 = GANGenerator(gen_x_times=1.1, cat_cols=None,
                                           "metrics": "AUC", "max_depth": 2,
                                           "max_bin": 100, "n_estimators": 500,
                                           "learning_rate": 0.02, "random_state": 42,
                                       }, pregeneration_frac=2, only_generated_data=False,
                                       epochs=500).generate_data_pipe(train, target,
                                                                      test, deep_copy=True,

Both samplers OriginalGenerator and GANGenerator have same input parameters:

  • gen_x_times: float = 1.1 - how much data to generate, output might be less because of postprocessing and adversarial filtering
  • cat_cols: list = None - categorical columns
  • bot_filter_quantile: float = 0.001 - bottom quantile for postprocess filtering
  • top_filter_quantile: float = 0.999 - bottom quantile for postprocess filtering
  • is_post_process: bool = True - perform or not postfiltering, if false bot_filter_quantile and top_filter_quantile ignored
  • adversaial_model_params: dict params for adversarial filtering model, default values for binary task
  • pregeneration_frac: float = 2 - for generataion step gen_x_times * pregeneration_frac amount of data will generated. However in postprocessing (1 + gen_x_times) % of original data will be returned
  • epochs: int = 500 - for how many epochs train GAN samplers, ignored for OriginalGenerator

For generate_data_pipe methods params:

  • train_df: pd.DataFrame Train dataframe which has separate target

  • target: pd.DataFrame Input target for the train dataset

  • test_df: pd.DataFrame Test dataframe - newly generated train dataframe should be close to it

  • deep_copy: bool = True - make copy of input files or not. If not input dataframes will be overridden

  • only_adversarial: bool = False - only adversarial fitering to train dataframe will be performed

  • use_adversarial: bool = True - perform or not adversarial filtering

  • only_generated_data: bool = False - After generation get only newly generated, without concating input train dataframe.

  • @return: -> Tuple[pd.DataFrame, pd.DataFrame] - Newly generated train dataframe and test data

Thus, you may use this library to improve your dataset quality:

def fit_predict(clf, X_train, y_train, X_test, y_test):, y_train)
    return sklearn.metrics.roc_auc_score(y_test, clf.predict_proba(X_test)[:, 1])

if __name__ == "__main__":
    dataset = sklearn.datasets.load_breast_cancer()
    clf = sklearn.ensemble.RandomForestClassifier(n_estimators=25, max_depth=6)
    X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = sklearn.model_selection.train_test_split(
        pd.DataFrame(, pd.DataFrame(, columns=["target"]), test_size=0.33, random_state=42)
    print("initial metric", fit_predict(clf, X_train, y_train, X_test, y_test))

    new_train1, new_target1 = OriginalGenerator().generate_data_pipe(X_train, y_train, X_test, )
    print("OriginalGenerator metric", fit_predict(clf, new_train1, new_target1, X_test, y_test))

    new_train1, new_target1 = GANGenerator().generate_data_pipe(X_train, y_train, X_test, )
    print("GANGenerator metric", fit_predict(clf, new_train1, new_target1, X_test, y_test))

Datasets and experiment design

Running experiment

To run experiment follow these steps:

  1. Clone the repository. All required dataset are stored in ./Research/data folder
  2. Install requirements pip install -r requirements.txt
  3. Run all experiments python ./Research/ Run all experiments python You may add more datasets, adjust validation type and categorical encoders.
  4. Observe metrics across all experiment in console or in ./Research/results/fit_predict_scores.txt


The author would like to thank Open Data Science community [7] for many valuable discussions and educational help in the growing field of machine and deep learning. Also, special big thanks to Sber [8] for allowing solving such tasks and providing computational resources.


[1] Jonathan Hui. GAN — What is Generative Adversarial Networks GAN? (2018), medium article

[2]Ian J. Goodfellow, Jean Pouget-Abadie, Mehdi Mirza, Bing Xu, David Warde-Farley, Sherjil Ozair, Aaron Courville, Yoshua Bengio. Generative Adversarial Networks (2014). arXiv:1406.2661

[3] Lei Xu LIDS, Kalyan Veeramachaneni. Synthesizing Tabular Data using Generative Adversarial Networks (2018). arXiv:1811.11264v1 [cs.LG]

[4] Lei Xu, Maria Skoularidou, Alfredo Cuesta-Infante, Kalyan Veeramachaneni. Modeling Tabular Data using Conditional GAN (2019). arXiv:1907.00503v2 [cs.LG]

[5] Denis Vorotyntsev. Benchmarking Categorical Encoders (2019). Medium post

[6] Insaf Ashrapov. GAN-for-tabular-data (2020). Github repository.

[7] Tero Karras, Samuli Laine, Miika Aittala, Janne Hellsten, Jaakko Lehtinen, Timo Aila. Analyzing and Improving the Image Quality of StyleGAN (2019) arXiv:1912.04958v2 [cs.CV]

[8] Open data science (2020),

[9] Sber (2020),

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