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Runs a Tartiflette GraphQL Engine through aiohttp

Project description

Tartiflette aiohttp

tartiflette-aiohttp is a wrapper of aiohttp which includes the Tartiflette GraphQL Engine. You can take a look at the Tartiflette API documentation.

Usage

# main.py
from aiohttp import web
from tartiflette import Resolver
from tartiflette_aiohttp import register_graphql_handlers

@Resolver("Query.hello")
async def resolver_hello(parent, args, ctx, info):
    return "hello " + args["name"]

sdl = """
    type Query {
        hello(name: String): String
    }
"""

web.run_app(
    register_graphql_handlers(
        web.Application(),
        engine_sdl=sdl
    )
)

Save the file and start the server.

$ python main.py
======== Running on http://0.0.0.0:8080 ========
(Press CTRL+C to quit)

Note: The server will be listening on the /graphql path by default.

Send a request to your server

curl -v -d '{"query": "query { hello(name: "Chuck") }"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" http://localhost:8080/graphql

Installation

tartiflette-aiohttp is available on pypi.org.

WARNING: Do not forget to install the tartiflette dependencies beforehand as explained in the tutorial.

pip install tartiflette-aiohttp

How to use

Use with built-in Tartiflette Engine

The basic and common way to use Tartiflette with aiohttp, is to create an aiohttp web.Application and use the register_graphql_handlers helper to bind Tartiflette and aiohttp together. engine_* parameters will be forwarded to the built-in tartiflette engine instance.

from aiohttp import web
from tartiflette_aiohttp import register_graphql_handlers

sdl = """
    type Query {
        hello(name: String): String
    }
"""

ctx = {
    'user_service': user_service
}

web.run_app(
    register_graphql_handlers(
        app=web.Application(),
        engine_sdl=sdl,
        engine_schema_name="default",
        executor_context=ctx,
        executor_http_endpoint='/graphql',
        executor_http_methods=['POST', 'GET']
    )
)

Parameters:

  • engine_sdl: Contains the Schema Definition Language
    • Can be a string which contains the SDL
    • Can be an array of strings, which contain the SDLs
    • Can be a path to an SDL
    • Can be an array of paths which contain the SDLs
  • engine_schema_name: Name of the schema used by the built-in engine. Useful for advanced use-cases, see Schema Registry API.
  • executor_context: Context which will be passed to each resolver (as a dict). Very useful for passing handlers to services, functions or data that you want to use in your resolvers. The context reference is unique per request, a shallow copy is created based on the context passed.
    • req: Request object from aiohttp
    • app: Application object from aiohttp
  • executor_http_endpoint: Endpoint where the GraphQL Engine will be attached, by default on /graphql
  • executor_http_methods: HTTP Methods where the GraphQL Engine will be attached, by default on POST and GET.

Use with custom Tartiflette engine

In the case you already have a Tartiflette Engine instance, or, you do not want to use the built-in instance. You can pass an existing instance to the register_graphql_handlers helper.

# main.py
from aiohttp import web
from tartiflette import Resolver, Engine
from tartiflette_aiohttp import register_graphql_handlers

@Resolver("Query.hello")
async def resolver_hello(parent, args, ctx, info):
    return "hello " + args["name"]

sdl = """
    type Query {
        hello(name: String): String
    }
"""

engine = Engine(sdl)

ctx = {
    'user_service': user_service
}

web.run_app(
    register_graphql_handlers(
        app=web.Application(),
        engine=engine,
        executor_context=ctx,
        executor_http_endpoint='/graphql',
        executor_http_methods=['POST', 'GET']
    )
)

Parameters:

  • engine: an instance of the Tartiflette Engine
  • executor_context: Context which will be passed to each resolver (as a dict). Very useful for passing handlers to services, functions or data that you want to use in your resolvers.
    • req: Request object from aiohttp
    • app: Application object from aiohttp
  • executor_http_endpoint: Endpoint where the GraphQL Engine will be attached, by default on /graphql
  • executor_http_methods: HTTP Methods where the GraphQL Engine will be attached, by default on POST and GET

Tartiflette with subscriptions

Tartiflette embeds an easy way to deal with subscriptions. The only thing to do is to fill in the subscription_ws_endpoint parameter and everything will work out of the box with aiohttp WebSockets. You can see a full example here.

Enable GraphiQL handler

Tartiflette allows you to set up an instance of GraphiQL easily to quickly test your queries. The easiest way to do that is to set the graphiql_enabled parameter to True. Then, you can customize your GraphiQL instance by filling the graphiql_options parameter as bellow:

from aiohttp import web

from tartiflette_aiohttp import register_graphql_handlers


_SDL = """
    type Query {
        hello(name: String): String
    }
"""

web.run_app(
    register_graphql_handlers(
        app=web.Application(),
        engine_sdl=_SDL,
        graphiql_enabled=True,
        graphiql_options={  # This is optional
            "endpoint": "/explorer",  # Default: `/graphiql`,
            "default_query": """
                query Hello($name: String) {
                  hello(name: $name)
                }
            """,
            "default_variables": {
                "name": "Bob",
            },
            "default_headers": {
                "Authorization": "Bearer <default_token>",
            },
        },
    )
)

Parameters:

  • engine_sdl: Contains the Schema Definition Language
    • Can be a string which contains the SDL
    • Can be an array of strings, which contain the SDLs
    • Can be a path to an SDL
    • Can be an array of paths which contain the SDLs
  • graphiql_enabled (Optional[bool] = False): Determines whether or not we should include a GraphiQL interface
  • graphiql_options (Optional[dict] = None): Customization options for the GraphiQL instance:
    • endpoint (Optional[str] = "/graphiql"): allows to customize the GraphiQL interface endpoint path
    • default_query (Optional[str] = None): allows you to pre-fill the GraphiQL interface with a default query
    • default_variables (Optional[dict] = None): allows you to pre-fill the GraphiQL interface with default variables
    • default_headers (Optional[dict] = None): allows you to add default headers to each request sent through the GraphiQL instance

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