Storage and database adapters available in project Thoth
This library provides a library called thoth-storages used in project Thoth. The library exposes core queries and methods for PostgreSQL database as well as adapters for manipulating with Ceph via its S3 compatible API.
Installation and Usage
The library can be installed via pip or Pipenv from PyPI:
pipenv install thoth-storages
The library does not provide any CLI, it is rather a low level library supporting other parts of Thoth.
You can run prepared test-suite via the following command:
pipenv install --dev pipenv run python3 setup.py test # To generate docs: pipenv run python3 setup.py build_sphinx
Running PostgreSQL locally
You can use docker-compose.yaml present in this repository to run a local PostgreSQL instance, (make sure you installed podman-compose):
$ dnf install -y podman podman-compose $ # Also available from PyPI: pip install podman-compose $ podman-compose up
After running the command above, you should be able to access a local PostgreSQL instance at localhost:5432. This is also the default configuration for PostgreSQL’s adapter - you don’t need to provide GRAPH_SERVICE_HOST explicitly. The default configuration uses database named postgres which can be accessed using postgres user and postgres password (SSL is disabled).
The provided docker-compose.yaml does not use any volume. After you containers restart, the content will not be available anymore.
If you would like to experiment with PostgreSQL programmatically, you can use the following code snippet as a starting point:
from thoth.storages import GraphDatabase graph = GraphDatabase() graph.connect() # To clear database: # graph.drop_all() # To initialize schema in the graph database: # graph.initialize_schema()
Generating migrations and schema adjustment in deployment
If you make any changes to data model of the main PostgreSQL database, you need to generate migrations. These migrations state how to adjust already existing database with data in deployments. For this purpose, Alembic migrations are used. Alembic can (partially) automatically detect what has changed and how to adjust already existing database in a deployment.
Alembic uses incremental version control, where each migration is versioned and states how to migrate from previous state of database to the desired next state - these versions are present in alembic/versions directory and are automatically generated with procedure described bellow.
If you make any changes, follow the following steps which will generate version for you:
Make sure your local PostgreSQL instance is running (follow Running PostgreSQL locally instructions above):
$ podman-compose up
Run Alembic CLI to generate versions for you:
# Make sure you have your environment setup: # pipenv install --dev # Make sure you are running the most recent version of schema: $ PYTHONPATH=. pipenv run alembic upgrade head # Actually generate a new version: $ PYTHONPATH=. pipenv run alembic revision --autogenerate -m "Added row to calculate sum of sums which will be divided by 42"
Review migrations generated by Alembic. Note NOT all changes are automatically detected by Alembic.
- Make sure generated migrations are part of your pull request so changes are
propagated to deployments:
$ git add thoth/storages/data/alembic/versions/
- In a deployment, use Management API and its /graph/initialize endpoint to
propagate database schema changes in deployment (Management API has to have recent schema changes present which are populated with new thoth-storages releases).
If running locally and you would like to propagate changes, run the following Alembic command to update migrations to the latest version:
$ PYTHONPATH=. pipenv run alembic upgrade head
If you would like to update schema programmatically run the following Python code:
from thoth.storages import GraphDatabase graph = GraphDatabase() graph.connect() graph.initilize_schema()
Generate schema images
You can use shipped CLI thoth-storages to automatically generate schema images out of the current models:
# First, make sure you have dev packages installed: pipenv install --dev PYTHONPATH=. pipenv run python3 ./thoth-storages generate-schema
The command above will produce 2 images named schema.png and schema_cache.png. The first PNG file shows schema for the main PostgreSQL instance and the latter one, as the name suggests, shows how cache schema looks like.
If the command above fails with the following exception:
FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] "dot" not found in path.
make sure you have graphviz package installed:
dnf install -y graphviz
Creating own performance indicators
You can create your own performance indicators. To create own performance indicator, create a script which tests desired functionality of a library. An example can be matrix multiplication script present in performance repository. This script can be supplied to Dependency Monkey to validate certain combination of libraries in desired runtime and buildtime environment or directly on Amun API which will run the given script using desired software and hardware configuration. Please follow instructions on how to create a performance script shown in the README of performance repo.
To create relevant models, adjust thoth/storages/graph/models_performance.py file and add your model. Describe parameters (reported in @parameters section of performance indicator result) and result (reported in @result). The name of class should match name which is reported by performance indicator run.
class PiMatmul(Base, BaseExtension, PerformanceIndicatorBase): """A class for representing a matrix multiplication micro-performance test.""" # Device used during performance indicator run - CPU/GPU/TPU/... device = Column(String(128), nullable=False) matrix_size = Column(Integer, nullable=False) dtype = Column(String(128), nullable=False) reps = Column(Integer, nullable=False) elapsed = Column(Float, nullable=False) rate = Column(Float, nullable=False)
Online debugging of queries
You can print to logger all the queries that are performed to a PostgreSQL instance. To do so, set the following environment variable:
Memory usage statisticts
You can print information about PostgreSQL adapter together with statistics on the graph cache and memory cache usage to logger (it has to have at least level INFO set). To do so, set the following environment variable:
These statistics will be printed once the database adapter is destructed.
Automatic backups of Thoth deployment
In each deployment, an automatic knowledge graph backup cronjob is run, usually once a day. Results of automatic backups are stored on Ceph - you can find them in s3://<bucket-name>/<prefix>/<deployment-name>/graph-backup/pg_dump-<timestamp>.sql. Refer to deployment configuration for expansion of parameters in the path.
To create a database instance out of this backup file, run a local a fresh PostgreSQL instance and fill it from the backup file:
$ cd thoth-station/storages $ aws s3 --endpoint <ceph-s3-endpoint> cp s3://<bucket-name>/<prefix>/<deployment-name>/graph-backup/pg_dump-<timestamp> pg_dump-<timestamp>.sql $ podman-compose up $ psql -h localhost -p 5432 --username=postgres < pg_dump-<timestamp>.sql password: <type password "postgres" here> <logs will show up>
Manual backups of Thoth deployment
You can use pg_dump and psql utilities to create dumps and restore the database content from dumps. This tool is pre-installed in the container image which is running PostgreSQL so the only thing you need to do is execute pg_dump in Thoth’s deployment in a PostgreSQL container to create a dump, use oc cp to retrieve dump (or directly use oc exec and create the dump from the cluster) and subsequently psql to restore the database content. The prerequisite for this is to have access to the running container (edit rights).
# Execute the following commands from the root of this Git repo: # List PostgreSQL pods running: $ oc get pod -l name=postgresql NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE postgresql-1-glwnr 1/1 Running 0 3d # Open remote shell to the running container in the PostgreSQL pod: $ oc rsh -t postgresql-1-glwnr bash # Perform dump of the database: (cluster-postgres) $ pg_dump > pg_dump-$(date +"%s").sql (cluster-postgres) $ ls pg_dump-*.sql # Remember the current dump name (cluster-postgres) pg_dump-1569491024.sql (cluster-postgres) $ exit # Copy the dump to the current dir: $ oc cp thoth-test-core/postgresql-1-glwnr:/opt/app-root/src/pg_dump-1569491024.sql . # Start local PostgreSQL instance: $ podman-compose up --detach <logs will show up> $ psql -h localhost -p 5432 --username=postgres < pg_dump-1569491024.sql password: <type password "postgres" here> <logs will show up>
You can ignore error messages related to an owner error like this:
STATEMENT: ALTER TABLE public.python_software_stack OWNER TO thoth; ERROR: role "thoth" does not exist
The PostgreSQL container uses user “postgres” by default which is different from the one run in the cluster (“thoth”). The role assignment will simply not be created but data will be available.
Syncing results of jobs run in the cluster
Each job in the cluster reports a JSON which states necessary information about the job run (metadata) and actual job results. These results of jobs are stored on object storage Ceph via S3 compatible API and later on synced via graph syncs to the knowledge graph. The component responsible for graph syncs is graph-sync-job which is written generic enough to sync any data and report metrics about synced data so you don’t need to provide such logic on each new workload registered in the system. To sync your own results of job results (workload) done in the cluster, implement related syncing logic in the sync.py and register handler in the HANDLERS_MAPPING in the same file. The mapping maps prefix of the document id to the handler (function) which is responsible for syncing data into the knowledge base (please mind signatures of existing syncing funcions to automatically integrate with sync_documents function which is called from graph-sync-job).
Query Naming conventions in Thoth
For query naming conventions, please read all the docs in conventions for query name.
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