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Seamless integration of tox into GitHub Actions

Project description

tox-gh-actions

PyPI version PyPI Supported Python Versions GitHub Actions (Tests) codecov

tox-gh-actions is a tox plugin which helps running tox on GitHub Actions with multiple different Python versions on multiple workers in parallel. This project is inspired by tox-travis.

Features

When running tox on GitHub Actions, tox-gh-actions

  • detects which environment to run based on configurations and
  • provides utilities such as grouping log lines.

Usage

  1. Add configurations under [gh-actions] section along with tox's configuration.

  2. Install tox-gh-actions package in the GitHub Actions workflow before running tox command.

Examples

Basic Example

The following configuration will create 5 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 2.7 job, tox runs py27 environment
  • On Python 3.6 job, tox runs py36 environment
  • On Python 3.7 job, tox runs py37 environment
  • On Python 3.8 job, tox runs py38 and mypy environments
  • On Python 3.9 job, tox runs py39 environment

tox-gh-actions Configuration

Add [gh-actions] section to the same file as tox's configuration.

If you're using tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py27, py36, py37, py38, py39, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.6: py36
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38, mypy
    3.9: py39

[testenv]
...

If you're using setup.cfg:

[tox:tox]
envlist = py27, py36, py37, py38, py39, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.6: py36
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38, mypy
    3.9: py39

[testenv]
...

If you're using pyproject.toml:

[tool.tox]
legacy_tox_ini = """
[tox]
envlist = py27, py36, py37, py38, py39, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.6: py36
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38, mypy
    3.9: py39

[testenv]
"""

Workflow Configuration

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

name: Python package

on:
  - push
  - pull_request

jobs:
  build:
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    strategy:
      matrix:
        python-version: [2.7, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9]

    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@v1
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
      with:
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        python -m pip install --upgrade pip
        pip install tox tox-gh-actions
    - name: Test with tox
      run: tox

Advanced Examples

Factor-Conditional Settings: Python Version

The following configuration will create 2 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 2.7 job, tox runs py27-django111 environment
  • On Python 3.7 job, tox runs py37-django111 and py37-django20 environments

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py27-django{111}, py37-django{111,20}

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.7: py37

[testenv]
...

When using pre-release versions of Python, please do not specify -beta or -dev in tox.ini.

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

...
jobs:
  build:
    strategy:
      matrix:
        python-version: [3.9, 3.10.0-beta.3]
...

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py39, py310

[gh-actions]
python =
    3.9: py39
    3.10: py310
    # The followings won't work
    # 3.10-beta.3: py310
    # 3.10-dev: py310

[testenv]
...

PyPy is also supported in the python configuration key. Support of Pyston is experimental and not tested by our CI.

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py27, py38, pypy2, pypy3, pyston38

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.8: py38, mypy
    pypy-2.7: pypy2
    pypy-3.7: pypy3
    pyston-3.8: python38

[testenv]
...

[testenv:pyston38]
basepython = pyston38

You can also specify without minor versions in the python configuration key.

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py2, py3, pypy2, pypy3

[gh-actions]
python =
    2: py2
    3: py3, mypy
    # pypy2 and pypy3 are still supported for backward compatibility
    pypy-2: pypy2
    pypy-3: pypy3

[testenv]
...

If there are multiple matching Python versions in the configuration, only the most precise one is used. For example, if you are running CPython 3.8 and gh-actions.python has both 3 and 3.8, tox-gh-actions gets factors only from the key 3.8.

Factor-Conditional Settings: Environment Variable

You can also use environment variable to decide which environment to run. The following is an example to install different dependency based on platform. It will create 12 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 2.7/ubuntu-latest job, tox runs py27-linux environment
  • On Python 3.5/ubuntu-latest job, tox runs py35-linux environment
  • and so on.

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

name: Python package

on:
  - push
  - pull_request

jobs:
  build:
    runs-on: ${{ matrix.platform }}
    strategy:
      matrix:
        platform: [ubuntu-latest, macos-latest, windows-latest]
        python-version: [2.7, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8]

    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@v1
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
      with:
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        python -m pip install --upgrade pip
        pip install tox tox-gh-actions
    - name: Test with tox
      run: tox
      env:
        PLATFORM: ${{ matrix.platform }}

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py{27,36,37,38}-{linux,macos,windows}

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.8: py38, mypy
    pypy-2.7: pypy2
    pypy-3.7: pypy3

[gh-actions:env]
PLATFORM =
    ubuntu-latest: linux
    macos-latest: macos
    windows-latest: windows

[testenv]
deps =
  <common dependency>
  linux: <Linux specific deps>
  macos: <macOS specific deps>
  windows: <Windows specific deps>
...

See tox's documentation about factor-conditional settings as well.

Overriding Environments to Run

Changed in 2.0: When a list of environments to run is specified explicitly via -e option or TOXENV environment variable (tox's help), tox-gh-actions respects the given environments and simply runs the given environments without enforcing its configuration.

Before 2.0, tox-gh-actions was always enforcing its configuration even when a list of environments is given explicitly.

Understanding Behavior of tox-gh-actions

How tox-gh-actions Works

  1. If tox is not running on GitHub Actions or a list of environments is explicitly explicitly given, tox-gh-actions won't do anything special.
  2. Get a list of environments from envlist in the configuration file.
  3. Pick environments to run in the current build based on the configuration in the [gh-actions] section.
  4. Override envlist with the selected environments and tox will run them.

Logging

tox-gh-actions writes log messages using tox.reporter. This is handy for understanding behavior of tox-gh-actions and for debugging tox-gh-actions. To see the log messages, please run tox -vv.

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