Monitor RSS feeds for keywords and act on matching results. A special project of the Freedom of the Press Foundation.
Track The News
trackthenews is the script that powers @FOIAfeed, a Twitter bot that monitors news outlets for reporting that incorporates public records laws like the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), and tweets links to and excerpts from matching articles. The underlying software can track any collection of RSS feeds for any keywords.
If you want to run your own instance of
trackthenews, you can download and install the package, and run its built-in configuration process. It can be installed with
Python 3.9 is what we currently test against, though it may work with other versions.
pip3 install trackthenews
or by cloning the GitHub repository and running
python3 setup.py install
Once it is installed, you can create a configuration by running the following command in the appropriate directory:
By default, the script will place all configuration files in a new
ttnconfig folder in your current working directory, but you can also designate a directory for it to use.
python3 trackthenews --config ~/foo/bar/path
That configuration process will create the necessary files and walk you through setting up a Twitter bot for matching stories. After it is configured, you'll need to use a text editor to add the
matchwords and RSS feeds to their respective files.
Sample RSS feed and matchword files can be found in the project's GitHub repo. The RSS feed file is a JSON array of objects corresponding to each feed. Each object requires a
url field, and should also have an
The next two fields are optional: if you know the feed uses redirect URLs, you may set
true and the script will attempt to follow those redirects to store and tweet canonical URLs; if the feed uses URLs that depend on query- or hash-strings to display correctly—basically, if the content relies on text in the URL bar after a
#—you can set
true and the script will leave the URLs exactly as is.
Once you've got everything set up, you can run the program without the
--config flag to check for matching articles.
If you designated a custom installation directory, or if you're running it from another directory (or a
cron job, for example) you will need to designate the directory in which the configuration files are installed.
Settings, such as the background color for new posts, the font, and the user-agent, are all located in
config.yaml, in the designated configuration directory.
How it works
Most of the script is dedicated to the
Articles are created based on inputs. Currently those inputs are RSS feeds, which are stored in
rssfeeds.json, but in future versions other inputs will include direct URLs, news APIs, Twitter feeds, or scraped pages.
- A series of
Articlemethods then scrape and isolate the contents of each article (currently that cleanup is done with a Python port of Readability, but future versions may incorporate some per-site parsing), check whether it's suitable for posting, and then prepare images for tweeting.
- Finally, the
All articles are recorded in a sqlite database.
Advanced feature: blocklist
In some cases, you may wish to suppress articles from being posted, even though they would otherwise match. You can do so by writing a new function,
check, and placing it in a file named
blocklist.py in the configuration directory.
check takes an Article (and so has access to its
url) and should return
true for any article that should be skipped.
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