Skip to main content
Donate to the Python Software Foundation or Purchase a PyCharm License to Benefit the PSF! Donate Now

#1 quality TLS certs while you wait, for the discerning tester

Project description

https://vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net/jadensadventures/images/1/1e/Kaa%27s_hypnotic_eyes.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20140310173415

You wrote a cool network client or server. It encrypts connections using TLS. Your test suite needs to make TLS connections to itself.

Uh oh. Your test suite probably doesn’t have a valid TLS certificate. Now what?

trustme is a tiny Python package that does one thing: it gives you a fake certificate authority (CA) that you can use to generate fake TLS certs to use in your tests. Well, technically they’re real certs, they’re just signed by your CA, which nobody trusts. But you can trust it. Trust me.

Vital statistics

Install: pip install -U trustme

Documentation: https://trustme.readthedocs.io

Bug tracker and source code: https://github.com/python-trio/trustme

Tested on: Python 2.7 and Python 3.5+, CPython and PyPy

License: MIT or Apache 2, your choice.

Code of conduct: Contributors are requested to follow our code of conduct in all project spaces.

Cheat sheet

import trustme

# ----- Creating certs -----

# Look, you just created your own certificate authority!
ca = trustme.CA()

# And now you issued a cert signed by this fake CA
# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Example.org
server_cert = ca.issue_cert(u"test-host.example.org")

# That's it!

# ----- Using your shiny new certs -----

# You can configure SSL context objects to trust this CA:
ca.configure_trust(ssl_context)
# Or configure them to present the server certificate
server_cert.configure_cert(ssl_context)
# You can use standard library or PyOpenSSL context objects here,
# trustme is happy either way.

# ----- or -----

# Save the PEM-encoded data to a file to use in non-Python test
# suites:
ca.cert_pem.write_to_path("ca.pem")
server_cert.private_key_and_cert_chain_pem.write_to_path("server.pem")

# ----- or -----

# Put the PEM-encoded data in a temporary file, for libraries that
# insist on that:
with ca.cert_pem.tempfile() as ca_temp_path:
    requests.get("https://...", verify=ca_temp_path)

FAQ

Should I use these certs for anything real? Certainly not.

Why not just use self-signed certificates? These are more realistic. You don’t have to disable your certificate validation code in your test suite, which is good, because you want to test what you run in production, and you would never disable your certificate validation code in production, right? Plus they’re just as easy to work with. Actually easier, in many cases.

What if I want to test how my code handles some really weird TLS configuration? Sure, I’m happy to extend the API to give more control over the generated certificates, at least as long as it doesn’t turn into a second-rate re-export of everything in cryptography. (If you really need a fully general X.509 library then they do a great job at that.) Let’s talk, or send a PR.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
trustme-0.5.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (8.5 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Wheel py2.py3
trustme-0.5.1.tar.gz (21.4 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page