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Asynchronous client library for etcd3

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txaioetcd is an object-relational remote persistant map layer backed by etcd.

It also provides a low-level asynchronous API for general Twisted etcd applications, bypassing the object-relational layer of the library.

Installation

The implementation is pure Python code compatible with both Python 2 and 3 and runs perfect on PyPy. On the server-side, etcd version 3.1 or higher is required. To install txaioetcd

pip install txaioetcd

Note

The library currently requires Twisted, though the API was designed to allow adding asyncio support later (PRs are welcome!) with no breakage. But other than the underlying network library, there are only small pure Python dependencies. etcd 2 will not work. etcd 3.0 also isn’t enough - at least watching keys doesn’t work over the gRPC HTTP gateway yet.

Getting Started

Get the complete example source code for the getting started below from here.

To start with txaioetcd using the high-level, remote persistent map API, define at least one class for data to be persisted, eg a User class:

class User(object):

    def marshal(self):
        """
        Marshal the object into a generic host language object.
        """

    @staticmethod
    def unmarshal(obj):
        """
        Parse a generic host language object into a native object of this class.
        """

Then define a table for a slot to be used with key-value stores:

from txaioetcd import pmap

# users table schema (a table with UUID keys and CBOR values holding User objects)
tab_users = pmap.MapUuidCbor(1, marshal=lambda user: user.marshal(), unmarshal=User.unmarshal)

Above will define a table slot (with index 1) that has UUIDs for keys, and CBOR serialized objects of User class for values.

Note

The User class does not appear literally, but only the “marshal” and “unmarshal” parameters to the persistant map type specifies the object interface of the user class to the persistant map library. The application developers needs to provide implementations of the respective application class marshal/unmarshal interface.

The available types for keys and values of persistant maps include:

  • String (UTF8), eg MapUuidString, MapStringString, MapStringUuid, ..
  • Binary, eg MapUuidBinary, MapStringBinary, ..
  • OID (uint64), eg MapUuidOid, MapOidCbor, ..
  • UUID (uint128), eg MapUuidCbor, MapUuidUuid, ..
  • JSON, eg MapUuidJson, MapOidJson, MapStringJson, ..
  • CBOR, eg MapOidCbor, MapUuidCbor, MapStringCbor, ..
  • Pickle (Python), eg MapStringPickle, ..
  • Flatbuffers, eg MapUuidFlatbuffers, ..

For example, the following is another valid slot definition:

# users table schema (a table with OID keys and Python Pickle values holding User objects)
tab_users = pmap.MapOidPickle(2, marshal=lambda user: user.marshal(), unmarshal=User.parse)

Above will define a table slot (with index 2) that has OIDs for keys, and Python Pickle serialized objects of User class for values.

Connecting

First open a connection to etcd as a backing store:

from txaioetcd import Client, Database

etcd = Client(reactor, url='http://localhost:2379')
db = Database(etcd)

To check the database connection:

revision = await db.status()
print('connected to etcd: revision', revision)

Storing and loading objects

Now create a native Python object from the class above and store it in the table, that is remotely in etcd:

user = User()
user.name = 'foobar'
user.oid = uuid.uuid4()

# create an async writable transaction to modify etcd data
async with db.begin(write=True) as txn:
    tab_users[txn, user.oid] = user

# data is committed when transaction leaves scope .. here
print('user stored: {}'.format(user))

Load a native Python object from the table, that is remotely from etcd:

# create an async read-only transaction when only accessing data in etcd
async with db.begin() as txn:
    user = await tab_users[txn, user.oid]
    print('user loaded: {}'.format(user))

Putting it together

To put all the pieces together and run the code, you might use the following boilerplate

import txaio
txaio.use_twisted()

from twisted.internet.task import react
from twisted.internet.defer import ensureDeferred

from txaioetcd import Client, Database

async def main(reactor):
    etcd = Client(reactor, url='http://localhost:2379')
    db = Database()
    revision = await db.status()
    print('connected to etcd: revision', revision)

    # INSERT YOUR CODE HERE

def _main():
    return react(
        lambda reactor: ensureDeferred(
            main(reactor)
        )
    )

if __name__ == '__main__':
    txaio.start_logging(level='info')
    _main()

Insert your code to operate on etcd in above placeholder.

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