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Pythonic WebAuthn

Project description


PyPI GitHub license Pythonic WebAuthn

A Python3 implementation of the server-side of the WebAuthn API focused on making it easy to leverage the power of WebAuthn.

This library supports all FIDO2-compliant authenticators, including security keys, Touch ID, Face ID, Windows Hello, Android biometrics...and pretty much everything else.


This module is available on PyPI:

pip install webauthn


  • Python 3.8 and up


The library exposes just a few core methods on the root webauthn module:

  • generate_registration_options()
  • verify_registration_response()
  • generate_authentication_options()
  • verify_authentication_response()

Two additional helper methods are also exposed:

  • options_to_json()
  • base64url_to_bytes()

Additional data structures are available on webauthn.helpers.structs. These Pydantic-powered dataclasses are useful for constructing inputs to the methods above, and for providing type hinting to help ensure consistency in the shape of data being passed around.

Generally, the library makes the following assumptions about how a Relying Party implementing this library will interface with a webpage that will handle calling the WebAuthn API:

The examples mentioned below include uses of the options_to_json() helper (see above) to show how easily bytes values in registration and authentication options can be encoded to base64url for transmission to the front end.

The examples also include demonstrations of how to pass JSON-ified responses, using base64url encoding for ArrayBuffer values, into parse_registration_credential_json and parse_authentication_credential_json to be automatically parsed by the methods in this library. An RP can pair this with corresponding custom front end logic, or one of several frontend-specific libraries (like @simplewebauthn/browser, for example) to handle encoding and decoding such values to and from JSON.

Other arguments into this library's methods that are defined as bytes are intended to be values stored entirely on the server. Such values can more easily exist as bytes without needing potentially extraneous encoding and decoding into other formats. Any encoding or decoding of such values in the name of storing them between steps in a WebAuthn ceremony is left up to the RP to achieve in an implementation-specific manner.


See examples/ for practical examples of using generate_registration_options() and verify_registration_response().

You can also run these examples with the following:

# See "Development" below for venv setup instructions
venv $> python -m examples.registration


See examples/ for practical examples of using generate_authentication_options() and verify_authentication_response().

You can also run these examples with the following:

# See "Development" below for venv setup instructions
venv $> python -m examples.authentication



Set up a virtual environment, and then install the project's requirements:

$> python3 -m venv venv
$> source venv/bin/activate
venv $> pip install -r requirements.txt


Python's unittest module can be used to execute everything in the tests/ directory:

venv $> python -m unittest

Auto-watching unittests can be achieved with a tool like nodemon.

All tests:

venv $> nodemon --exec "python -m unittest" --ext py

An individual test file:

venv $> nodemon --exec "python -m unittest tests/" --ext py

Linting and Formatting

Linting is handled via mypy:

venv $> python -m mypy webauthn
Success: no issues found in 52 source files

The entire library is formatted using black:

venv $> python -m black webauthn --line-length=99
All done!  🍰 52 files left unchanged.

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