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SDK for gateway communication modules that connect to WolkAbout IoT Platform

Project description

WolkGatewayModule-SDK-Python

Python 3 package for connecting devices to WolkAbout IoT Platform through WolkGateway.

Code style: black Documentation Status PyPI version GitHub PyPI - Python Version


This package is meant to be used for developing WolkGateway modules that enable devices without IP connectivity to send their data to WolkAbout IoT Platform.

WolkGateway Architecture

The user is responsible for providing the custom implementation that usually contains the device’s network communication protocol, as well as for providing the business logic and everything related to the used hardware and the specifics of their particular use case.

However, all the communication that is directed towards the gateway through WolkConnect - BUS Handler is already provided with this package, an open source implementation written in Python 3.7 that uses the MQTT protocol over TCP/IP to communicate with WolkGateway.

Requirements

  • Python 3.7

All requirements for this project can be installed on Debian based systems by invoking:

sudo apt-get install python3.7 python3-pip && python3 -m pip install pip && python3.7 -m pip install pip

Installation

The project can be installed using Python's package manager pip:

sudo python3.7 -m pip install wolk-gateway-module

or installed from source by cloning the repository and running:

sudo python3.7 -m pip install -r requirements.txt
python3.7 setup.py install

Example Usage

Creating devices

import wolk_gateway_module as wolk

# Create device sensors

# Use data_type parameter where reading type & unit symbol are not important
generic_sensor = wolk.SensorTemplate(
    name="Generic sensor",
    reference="G",  # References must be unique per device
    data_type=wolk.DataType.NUMERIC,
    description="Optional description",
    minimum=0,  # Optional minimum value
    maximum=100,  # Optional maximum value
)
temperature_sensor = wolk.SensorTemplate(
    name="Temperature",
    reference="T",
    reading_type_name=wolk.ReadingTypeName.TEMPERATURE,
    unit=wolk.ReadingTypeMeasurementUnit.CELSIUS,
    minimum=-20,
    maximum=85,
    description="Temperature sensor with range -20 to 85 Celsius",
)
# Create a device template used to register the device
device_template = wolk.DeviceTemplate(
    sensors=[generic_sensor, temperature_sensor]
)
# Create a device
device = wolk.Device(
    name="Device",
    key="DEVICE_KEY",  # Unique device key
    template=device_template
)

Establishing connection with WolkGateway

# Implement a device status provider


def get_device_status(device_key: str) -> wolk.DeviceStatus:
    """Return current device status."""
    if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
        # Handle getting current device status here
        return wolk.DeviceStatus.CONNECTED


wolk_module = wolk.Wolk(
    host="localhost",  # Host address of WolkGateway
    port=1883,  # TCP/IP port used for WolkGateway's MQTT broker
    module_name="Python module",  # Used for connection authentication
    device_status_provider=get_device_status,
)

wolk_module.connect()

Disconnecting from WolkGateway

wolk_module.disconnect()

Adding devices

Devices need to be registered on the Platform before their data is considered valid. This is achieved by calling:

wolk_module.add_device(device)

To stop listening for commands for a specific device use:

wolk_module.remove_device(device)

This will only stop acknowledging inbound commands, to delete the device completely use WolkGateway or the web application, depending on who has control over devices.

Publishing device status

Device status is obtained by calling provided device_status_provider function

wolk_module.publish_device_status("DEVICE_KEY")

Adding sensor readings

wolk_module.add_sensor_reading("DEVICE_KEY", "REFERENCE", "value")
# For reading with data size > 1, like location or acceleration use tuples
wolk_module.add_sensor_reading("DEVICE_KEY", "LOC", (24.534, -34.325))
# Add timestamps to store when reading occurred to preserve history, otherwise
# Platform will assign timestamp when it receives the reading
wolk_module.add_sensor_reading("KEY", "R", 12, int(round(time.time() * 1000)))

This method will put serialized messages in storage.

Publishing stored messages

wolk_module.publish()  # Publish all stored messages
wolk_module.publish("DEVICE_KEY")  # Publish all stored messages for device

Alarms

humidity_alarm = wolk.AlarmTemplate(
    name="High Humidity",
    reference="HH",
    description="High humidity has been detected"
)
device_template = wolk.DeviceTemplate(alarms=[humidity_alarm])

# Create device, Wolk instance, add device, connect...

# Will place alarm message into storage, use publish method to send
wolk_module.add_alarm("DEVICE_KEY", "HH", active=True, timestamp=None)

Actuators

In order to control device actuators, provide an actuation_handler and actuator_status_provider.

switch_actuator = wolk.ActuatorTemplate(
    name="Switch",
    reference="SW",
    data_type=wolk.DataType.BOOLEAN,
    description="Light switch",
)
slider_actuator = wolk.ActuatorTemplate(
    name="Slider",
    reference="SL",
    data_type=wolk.DataType.NUMERIC,
    minimum=0,
    maximum=100,
    description="Light dimmer",
)
device_template = wolk.DeviceTemplate(
    actuators=[switch_actuator, slider_actuator]
)
device = wolk.Device("Device", "DEVICE_KEY", device_template)


def handle_actuation(
    device_key: str, reference: str, value: Union[bool, int, float, str]
) -> None:
    """
    Set device actuator identified by reference to value.

    Must be implemented as non blocking.
    Must be implemented as thread safe.
    """
    if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
        if reference == "SW":
            # Handle setting the value here
            switch.value = value

        elif reference == "SL":
            slider.value = value


def get_actuator_status(
    device_key: str, reference: str
) -> Tuple[wolk.ActuatorState, Union[bool, int, float, str]]:
    """
    Get current actuator status identified by device key and reference.

    Reads the status of actuator from the device
    and returns it as a tuple containing the actuator state and current value.

    Must be implemented as non blocking.
    Must be implemented as thread safe.
    """
    if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
        if reference == "SW":
            # Handle getting current actuator value here
            return wolk.ActuatorState.READY, switch.value

        elif reference == "SL":
            return wolk.ActuatorState.READY, slider.value


# Pass functions to Wolk instance
wolk_module = wolk.Wolk(
    host="localhost",
    port=1883,
    module_name="Python module",
    device_status_provider=get_device_status,
    actuation_handler=handle_actuation,
    actuator_status_provider=get_actuator_status,
)

wolk_module.add_device(device)

wolk_module.connect()

# This method will call the provided actuator_status_provider function
# and publish the state immediately or store message if unable to publish
wolk_module.publish_actuator_status("DEVICE_KEY", "SW")
wolk_module.publish_actuator_status("DEVICE_KEY", "SL")

Configurations

Similar to actuators, using device configuration options requires providing a configuration_handler and a configuration_provider to the Wolk instance.

logging_level_configuration = wolk.ConfigurationTemplate(
    name="Logging level",
    reference="LL",
    data_type=wolk.DataType.STRING,
    default_value="INFO",
    description="eg. Set device logging level",
)
logging_interval_configuration = wolk.ConfigurationTemplate(
    name="Logging interval",
    reference="LI",
    data_type=wolk.DataType.NUMERIC,
    size=3,
    labels=["seconds", "minutes", "hours"],
    description="eg. Set logging intervals",
)
device_template = wolk.DeviceTemplate(
    configurations=[logging_level_configuration, logging_level_configuration]
)
device = wolk.Device("Device", "DEVICE_KEY", device_template)


def get_configuration(
    device_key: str
) -> Dict[
    str,
    Union[
        int,
        float,
        bool,
        str,
        Tuple[int, int],
        Tuple[int, int, int],
        Tuple[float, float],
        Tuple[float, float, float],
        Tuple[str, str],
        Tuple[str, str, str],
    ],
]:
    """
    Get current configuration options.

    Reads device configuration and returns it as a dictionary
    with device configuration reference as key,
    and device configuration value as value.
    Must be implemented as non blocking.
    Must be implemented as thread safe.
    """
    if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
        # Handle getting configuration values here
        return {
            "LL": get_log_level(),
            "LI": get_log_inteval(),
        }


def handle_configuration(
    device_key: str,
    configuration: Dict[
        str,
        Union[
            int,
            float,
            bool,
            str,
            Tuple[int, int],
            Tuple[int, int, int],
            Tuple[float, float],
            Tuple[float, float, float],
            Tuple[str, str],
            Tuple[str, str, str],
        ],
    ],
) -> None:
    """
    Change device's configuration options.

    Must be implemented as non blocking.
    Must be implemented as thread safe.
    """
    if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
        for reference, value in configuration.items():
            # Handle setting configuration values here
            if reference == "LL":
                set_log_level(value)
            elif reference == "LI":
                set_log_interval(value)


# Pass functions to Wolk instance
wolk_module = wolk.Wolk(
    host="localhost",
    port=1883,
    module_name="Python module",
    device_status_provider=get_device_status,
    configuration_provider=get_configuration,
    configuration_handler=handle_configuration,
)

wolk_module.add_device(device)

wolk_module.connect()

# This method will call the provided configuration_provider function
# and publish the state immediately or store message if unable to publish
wolk_module.publish_configuration("DEVICE_KEY")

Firmware update

In order to enable firmware update for devices, provide an implementation of FirmwareHandler and pass to Wolk instance.

device_template = wolk.DeviceTemplate(supports_firmware_update=True)
device = wolk.Device("Device", "DEVICE_KEY", device_template)


class FirmwareHandlerImplementation(wolk.FirmwareHandler):
    """Handle firmware installation and abort commands, and report version.

    Once an object of this class is passed to a Wolk object,
    it will set callback methods `on_install_success` and
    `on_install_fail` used for reporting the result of
    the firmware update process. Use these callbacks in `install_firmware`
    and `abort_installation` methods."""

    def install_firmware(
        self, device_key: str, firmware_file_path: str
    ) -> None:
        """
        Handle the installation of the firmware file.

        Call `self.on_install_success(device_key)` to report success.
        Reporting success will also get new firmware version.

        If installation fails, call `self.on_install_fail(device_key, status)`
        where:
        `status = FirmwareUpdateStatus(
            FirmwareUpdateState.ERROR,
            FirmwareUpdateErrorCode.INSTALLATION_FAILED
        )`
        or use other values from `FirmwareUpdateErrorCode` if they fit better.
        """
        if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
            print(
                f"Installing firmware: '{firmware_file_path}' "
                f"on device '{device_key}'"
            )
            # Handle the actual installation here
            if install_success:
                self.on_install_success(device_key)
            else:
                status = wolk.FirmwareUpdateStatus(
                    wolk.FirmwareUpdateState.ERROR,
                    wolk.FirmwareUpdateErrorCode.INSTALLATION_FAILED,
                )
                self.on_install_fail(device_key, status)

    def abort_installation(self, device_key: str) -> None:
        """
        Attempt to abort the firmware installation process for device.

        Call `self.on_install_fail(device_key, status)` to report if
        the installation process was able to be aborted with
        `status = FirmwareUpdateStatus(FirmwareUpdateState.ABORTED)`
        If unable to stop the installation process, no action is required.
        """
        if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
            # Manage to stop firmware installation
            status = wolk.FirmwareUpdateStatus(
                wolk.FirmwareUpdateState.ABORTED
            )
            self.on_install_fail(device_key, status)

    def get_firmware_version(self, device_key: str) -> str:
        """Return device's current firmware version."""
        if device_key == "DEVICE_KEY":
            # Handle getting the current firmware version here
            return version


wolk_module = wolk.Wolk(
    host="localhost",
    port=1883,
    module_name="Python module",
    device_status_provider=get_device_status,
    firmware_handler=FirmwareHandlerImplementation(),
)

wolk_module.add_device(device)

wolk_module.connect()

Debugging

Enable debug logging with:

wolk.logging_config("debug", log_file=None)

Data persistence

Data persistence mechanism used by default stored messages in-memory. In cases when provided in-memory persistence is suboptimal, it it possible to use custom persistence by implementing OutboundMessageQueue and passing it in the following manner:

wolk_module = wolk.Wolk(
    host="localhost",
    port=1883,
    module_name="Python module",
    device_status_provider=get_device_status,
    outbound_message_queue=CustomPersistence()
)

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