Pyfilesystem2 over SSH using paramiko
fs.sshfs supports all Python versions supported by PyFilesystem2:
Python 2.7, and Python 3.5 onwards. Code should still be compatible with
Python 3.4, but not tested anymore.
Install directly from PyPI, using pip:
$ pip install fs.sshfs
There is also a
conda-forge package available:
$ conda install -c conda-forge fs.sshfs
fs.open_fs to open a filesystem with an SSH
import fs my_fs = fs.open_fs("ssh://[user[:password]@]host[:port]/[directory]")
sftp scheme can be used as an alias for the
ssh scheme in the FS
URL. Additional argument can be passed to the
SSHFS constructor as
percent-encoded URL parameters (excepted
policy). See section below
for a list of all supported arguments.
For a more granular way of connecting to an SSH server, use the
fs.sshfs.SSHFS constructor, which signature is:
from fs.sshfs import SSHFS my_fs = SSHFS( host, user=None, passwd=None, pkey=None, timeout=10, port=22, keepalive=10, compress=False, config_path='~/.ssh/config' )
with each argument explained below:
host: the name or IP address of the SSH server
user: the username to connect with, defaults to the current user.
passwd: an optional password, used to connect directly to the server or to decrypt the public key, if any given.
paramiko.PKeyobject, a path, or a list of paths to an SSH key.
timeout: the timeout, in seconds, for networking operations.
port: the port the SSH server is listening on.
keepalive: the interval of time between keepalive packets, in seconds. Set to 0 to disable.
compress: set to
Trueto compress the communications with the server.
config_path: the path to an OpenSSH configuration file.
exec_timeout: the timeout, in seconds, for arbitrary SSH commands on the server.
Additional keyword arguments will be passed to the underlying
call, taking precedence over implicitly derived arguments. Once created, the
SSHFS filesystem behaves like any
other filesystem (see the PyFilesystem2 documentation).
SSHFS.openbin has the following extra options that can be passed as
keyword arguments to control the file buffering:
prefetch: enabled by default, use a background thread to prefetch the content of a file opened in reading mode. Does nothing for files in writing mode.
pipelined: enable pipelined mode, avoid waiting for server answer between two uploaded chunks. Does nothing for files in reading mode.
SSHFS are aware of SSH config
and as such, one of the hosts in the configuration file can be provided
host argument for the filesystem to connect to the server with
the proper configuration values.
Found a bug ? Have an enhancement request ? Head over to the GitHub issue tracker of the project if you need to report or ask something. If you are filling in on a bug, please include as much information as you can about the issue, and try to recreate the same bug in a simple, easily reproductible situation.
fs.sshfs is developped and maintainted by:
The following people contributed to
- Reimar Bauer
- Paul Gessinger
- Mariusz Kryński
- Will McGugan
- Jeremy Nimmer
- Tim Nyborg
- Danica J. Sutherland
- John Vandenberg
This project obviously owes a lot to the PyFilesystem2 project and all its contributors.
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