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Python wrapper for the GitHub API(

Project description is a comprehensive, actively developed and extraordinarily stable wrapper around the GitHub API (v3).

See HISTORY.rst for any “breaking” changes.


$ pip install --pre



Please read the CONTRIBUTING document.


You can run either pip install -r dev-requirements.txt to install the following before testing or simply make test-deps. It is suggested you do this in a virtual enviroment. These need to be installed for the tests to run.


Modified BSD license


See the docs for more examples.


Install the dependencies from requirements.txt e.g.:

make tests


Ian Stapleton Cordasco (sigmavirus24)

Contact Options

  • Feel free to use the tag on StackOverflow for any questions you may have
  • If you dislike StackOverflow it is preferred that you send an email to
  • You may also contact (via email) the author directly with questions/suggestions/comments or if you wish to include sensitive data.

1.1.0: 2018-04-09

This is a small release with some enhancments.

Features Added

  • Repository collaborators now returns a users.Collaborator object, instead of a users.ShortUser object. This is to support collaborator affiliations. A refresh call of this object (and users.Contributor) will result in a full users.User object.
  • The call to iterate collaborators of a repository (Repsitory#collaborators) can now take an affiliation filter with options of outside, direct, and all. The default is all, which preserves the previous behavior of this method.

Bugs Fixed

  • Parse certain attributes on IssueEvent into objects (again, this was a regression in 1.0)
  • Handle older GitHub Enterprise responses for authenticated user objects
  • Handle large file pull request responses not including a patch attribute

1.0.2: 2018-03-28

Bugs Fixed

  • Handle 304s from users passing etag
  • Generate _api object for ShortBranch objects
  • Require auth for creating gists
  • Ensure only desired auth scheme is used with requests
  • Handle older GitHub Enterprise responses for repository objects

1.0.1: 2018-03-14

Bugs Fixed

  • Fix missing python-dateutil requirement when installing from a wheel.

1.0.0: 2018-03-13

1.0.0 is a huge release. It includes a great deal of changes to It is suggested you read the following release notes very carefully.

Unfortunately, it’s plausible that some things have slipped through the cracks in these release notes.

Breaking Changes

  • Methods that iterate over collections return a separate class than methods that retrieve a single instance. These objects have separate representations when retrieving the data from GitHub’s API. They include:

    • Team now can be represented by ShortTeam or Team
    • Organization now can be represented by ShortOrganization or Organization
    • Issue now can be represented by ShortIssue or Issue
    • PullRequest now can be represented by ShortPullRequest or PullRequest
    • Commit now can be represented by ShortCommit, or Commit
    • Gist now can be represented by ShortGist, GistFork, or Gist
    • GistFile now can be represented by ShortGistFile or GistFile
    • Repository objects:
      • Branch now can be represented by ShortBranch or Branch
      • RepoComment now can be represented by ShortComment or ShortRepoComment
      • Repository now can be represented by ShortRepository or Repository
      • RepoCommit now can be represented by MiniCommit, ShortCommit, or RepoCommit
      • Status now can be represented by ShortStatus or Status
    • User now can be represented by ShortUser, Contributor, User, or AuthenticatedUser
    • License now can be represented by ShortLicense or License
  • Refreshing a short representation of an object will result in a new object of a new class returned. For example:

    import github3
    users = [(u, u.refresh()) for u in github3.all_users(10)]
    for short_user, user in users:
        assert isinstance(short_user, github3.users.ShortUser)
        assert isinstance(user, github3.users.User)
  • Remove Thread.comment, Thread.thread, Thread.urls attributes.

  • Remove Thread#is_unread method. Use the Thread.unread attribute instead.

  • Subscription has been split into two objects: ThreadSubscription and RepositorySubscription with the same methods.

  • Remove is_ignored method from our Subscription objects. Use the ignored attribute instead.

  • Remove is_subscribed method from our Subscription objects. Use the subscribed attribute instead.

  • Move Users#add_email_addresses to GitHub#add_email_addresses.

  • Move Users#delete_email_addresses to GitHub#delete_email_addresses.

  • Remove Users#add_email_address and Users#delete_email_address.

  • Remove Repository#update_label.

  • When you download a release asset, instead of returning True or False, it will return the name of the file in which it saved the asset.

  • The download method on github3.pulls.PullFile instances has been removed.

  • The contents method on github3.pulls.PullFile instances now return instances of github3.repos.contents.Contents.

  • Replace Repository#comments_on_commit with RepoCommit#comments.

  • Organization#add_member has been changed. The second parameter has been changed to team_id and now expects an integer.

  • Organization#add_repository has been changed. The second parameter has been changed to team_id and now expects an integer.

  • All methods and functions starting with iter_ have been renamed.

Old name New name
github3.iter_all_repos github3.all_repositories
github3.iter_all_users github3.all_users
github3.iter_events github3.all_events
github3.iter_followers github3.followers_of
github3.iter_following github3.followed_by
github3.iter_repo_issues github3.issues_on
github3.iter_orgs github3.organizations_with
github3.iter_user_repos github3.repositories_by
github3.iter_starred github3.starred_by
github3.iter_subscriptions github3.subscriptions_for
Deployment#iter_statuses Deployment#statuses
Gist#iter_comments Gist#comments
Gist#iter_commits Gist#commits
Gist#iter_files Gist#files
Gist#iter_forks Gist#forks
GitHub#iter_all_repos GitHub#all_repositories
GitHub#iter_all_users GitHub#all_users
GitHub#iter_authorizations GitHub#authorizations
GitHub#iter_emails GitHub#emails
GitHub#iter_events GitHub#events
GitHub#iter_followers GitHub#{followers,followers_of}
GitHub#iter_following GitHub#{following,followed_by}
GitHub#iter_gists GitHub#{gists,gists_by,public_gists}
GitHub#iter_notifications GitHub#notifications
GitHub#iter_org_issues GitHub#organization_issues
GitHub#iter_issues GitHub#issues
GitHub#iter_user_issues GitHub#user_issues
GitHub#iter_repo_issues GitHub#issues_on
GitHub#iter_keys GitHub#keys
GitHub#iter_orgs GitHub#{organizations,organizations_with}
GitHub#iter_repos GitHub#reposistories
GitHub#iter_user_repos GitHub#repositories_by
GitHub#iter_user_teams GitHub#user_teams
Issue#iter_comments Issue#comments
Issue#iter_events Issue#events
Issue#iter_labels Issue#labels
Milestone#iter_labels Milestone#labels
Organization#iter_members Organization#members
Organization#iter_public_members Organization#public_members
Organization#iter_repos Organization#repositories
Organization#iter_teams Organization#teams
PullRequest#iter_comments PullRequest#review_comments
PullRequest#iter_commits PullRequest#commits
PullRequest#iter_files PullRequest#files
PullRequest#iter_issue_comments PullRequest#issue_comments
Team#iter_members Team#members
Team#iter_repos Team#repositories
Repository#iter_assignees Repository#assignees
Repository#iter_branches Repository#branches
Repository#iter_code_frequency Repository#code_frequency
Repository#iter_collaborators Repository#collaborators
Repository#iter_comments Repository#comments
Repository#iter_comments_on_commit RepoCommit#comments
Repository#iter_commit_activity Repository#commit_activity
Repository#iter_commits Repository#commits
Repository#iter_contributor_statistics Repository#contributor_statistics
Repository#iter_contributors Repository#contributors
Repository#iter_forks Repository#forks
Repository#iter_hooks Repository#hooks
Repository#iter_issues Repository#issues
Repository#iter_issue_events Repository#issue_events
Repository#iter_keys Repository#keys
Repository#iter_labels Repository#labels
Repository#iter_languages Repository#languages
Repository#iter_milestones Repository#milestones
Repository#iter_network_events Repository#network_events
Repository#iter_notifications Repository#notifications
Repository#iter_pages_builds Repository#pages_builds
Repository#iter_pulls Repository#pull_requests
Repository#iter_refs Repository#refs
Repository#iter_releases Repository#releases
Repository#iter_stargazers Repository#stargazers
Repository#iter_subscribers Repository#subscribers
Repository#iter_statuses Repository#statuses
Repository#iter_tags Repository#tags
Repository#iter_teams Repository#teams
Repository#iter_teams Repository#teams
User#iter_events User#events
User#iter_followers User#followers
User#iter_following User#following
User#iter_keys User#keys
User#iter_org_events User#organization_events
User#iter_received_events User#received_events
User#iter_orgs User#organizations
User#iter_starred User#starred_repositories
User#iter_subscriptions User#subscriptions
  • github3.login has been simplified and split into two functions:
    • github3.login serves the majority use case and only provides an authenticated GitHub object.
    • github3.enterprise_login allows GitHub Enterprise users to log into their service.
  • GitHub#iter_followers was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#followers_of which iterates over all of the followers of a user whose username you provide
    • GitHub#followers which iterates over all of the followers of the authenticated user
  • GitHub#iter_following was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#followed_by which iterates over all of the users followed by the username you provide
    • GitHub#following which iterates over all of the users followed by the authenticated user
  • GitHub#iter_gists was split into three functions:
    • GitHub#public_gists which iterates over all of the public gists on GitHub
    • GitHub#gists_for which iterates over all the public gists of a specific user
    • GitHub#gists which iterates over the authenticated users gists
  • GitHub#iter_orgs was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#organizations which iterates over the authenticated user’s organization memberships
    • GitHub#organizations_with which iterates over the given user’s organization memberships
  • GitHub#iter_subscriptions was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#subscriptions_for which iterates over an arbitrary user’s subscriptions
    • GitHub#subscriptions which iterates over the authenticated user’s subscriptions
  • GitHub#iter_starred was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#starred_by which iterates over an arbitrary user’s stars
    • GitHub#starred which iterates over the authenticated user’s stars
  • GitHub#user was split into two functions:
    • GitHub#user which retrieves an arbitrary user’s information
    • GitHub#me which retrieves the authenticated user’s information
  • GitHub#update_user has been renamed to GitHub#update_me and only uses 1 API call now. It was renamed to reflect the addition of GitHub#me.
  • The legacy watching API has been removed:
    • GitHub#subscribe
    • GitHub#unsubscribe
    • GitHub#is_subscribed
  • GitHub#create_repo was renamed to GitHub#create_repository
  • GitHub#delete_key was removed. To delete a key retrieve it with GitHub#key and then call Key#delete.
  • Repository#set_subscription was split into two simpler functions
    • Repository#subscribe subscribes the authenticated user to the repository’s notifications
    • Repository#ignore ignores notifications from the repository for the authenticated user
  • Repository#contents was split into two simpler functions
    • Repository#file_contents returns the contents of a file object
    • Repository#directory_contents returns the contents of files in a directory.
  • Organization#add_repo and Team#add_repo have been renamed to Organization#add_repository and Team#add_repository respectively.
  • Organization#create_repo has been renamed to Organization#create_repository. It no longer accepts has_downloads. It now accepts license_template.
  • Organization#remove_repo has been renamed to Organization#remove_repository. It now accepts team_id instead of team.
  • github3.ratelimit_remaining was removed
  • GitHub instances can no longer be used as context managers
  • The pull request API has changed.
    • The links attribute now contains the raw _links attribute from the API.
    • The merge_commit_sha attribute has been removed since it was deprecated in the GitHub API.
    • To present a more consistent universal API, certain attributes have been renamed.
Old name New attribute name
PullFile.additions additions_count
PullFile.deletions deletions_count
PullFile.changes changes_count
PullRequest.additions additions_count
PullRequest.comments comments_count
PullRequest.commits commits_count
PullRequest.deletions deletions_count
PullRequest.review_comments review_comments_count
  • The Gist API has changed.

    • The forks and files attributes that used to keep count of the number of forks and files have been removed.
    • The comments attribute which provided the number of comments on a gist, has been renamed to comments_count.
    • The is_public method has been removed since it just returned the Gist.public attribute.
  • Most instances of login as a parameter have been changed to username for clarity and consistency. This affects the following methods:

    • github3.authorize
    • github3.repositories_by
    • github3.user
    • GitHub
    • GitHub#authorize
    • GitHub#follow
    • GitHub#is_following
    • GitHub#is_starred
    • GitHub#issue
    • GitHub#followers_of
    • GitHub#followed_by
    • GitHub#gists_by
    • GitHub#issues_on
    • GitHub#organizations_with
    • GitHub#starred_by
    • GitHub#subscriptions_for
    • GitHub#user
    • GitHubEnterprise
    • Issue#assign
    • Organization#add_member
    • Organization#is_member
    • Organization#is_public_member
    • Organization#remove_member
    • Repository#add_collaborator
    • Repository#is_assignee
    • Repository#is_collaborator
    • Repository#remove_collaborator
    • Team#add_member
    • Team#is_member
    • User#is_assignee_on
    • User#is_following
  • Repository.stargazers is now Repository.stargazers_count (conforming with the attribute name returned by the API).

  • The Issue API has changed in order to provide a more consistent attribute API. Issue.comments is now Issue.comments_count and returns the number of comments on an issue.

  • The Issue.labels attribute has also been renamed. It is now available from Issue.original_labels. This will provide the user with the list of Label objects that was returned by the API. To retrieve an updated list of labels, the user can now use Issue#labels, e.g.

    i = github3.issue('sigmavirus24', '', 30)
    labels = list(i.labels())
  • The Organization and User APIs have changed to become more consistent with the rest of the library and GitHub API. The following attribute names have been changed

Old name New attribute name
Organization.followers followers_count
Organization.following following_count
Organization.public_repos public_repos_count
User.followers followers_count
User.following following_count
User.public_repos public_repos_count
  • The Release.assets attribute has been renamed to Release.original_assets. To retrieve up-to-date assets, use the Release#assets method.
  • The Authorization API has changed. The update method has been split into three methods: add_scopes, remove_scopes, replace_scopes. This highlights the fact that Authorization#update used to require more than one request.
  • Event#is_public has been removed. Simply check the event’s public attribute instead.
  • Repository#delete_file and Repository#update_file have been removed. Simply delete or update a file using the Contents API.
  • Content#delete now returns a dictionary that matches the JSON returned by the API. It contains the Contents and the Commit associated with the deletion.
  • Content#update now returns a dictionary that matches the JSON returned by the API. It contains the Contents and the Commit associated with the deletion.
  • Issue.pull_request has been renamed to Issue.pull_request_urls

New Features

  • Most objects now have a session attribute. This is a subclass of a Session object from requests. This can now be used in conjunction with a third-party caching mechanism. The suggested caching library is cachecontrol.

  • All object’s url attribute are now available.

  • You can now retrieve a repository by its id with GitHub#repository_with_id.

  • You can call the pull_request method on an Issue now to retrieve the associated pull request:

    import github3
    i = github3.issue('sigmavirus24', '', 301)
    pr = i.pull_request()
  • Add support for the Issue locking API currently in Preview Mode

  • Add Organization#all_events.

  • Add Tag.tagger_as_User which attempts to return the tagger as as User.

  • Add Repo.statuses and a corresponding repo.status.CombinedStatus to

  • Support filtering organization members by whether they have 2FA enabled.

  • Support filtering organization and team members by role.

  • Add GitHub#all_organizations.

  • Add PullRequest#create_comment.

  • Add Repository#release_by_tag_name to retrieve a Release from a Repository by its associated tag name.

  • Add Repository#latest_release to retrieve the latest Release for a Repository.

  • Add GitHub#license to retrieve a github3.license.License by the license name.

  • Add GitHub#licenses to iterate over all the licenses returned by GitHub’s Licenses API.

  • Add protection information to github3.repos.branch.Branch.

  • Add Branch#protect and Branch#unprotect to support updating a Branch’s protection status.

  • Vastly improved GitHub Enterprise support:

    • Add User#rename to rename a user in a GitHub Enterprise installation.
    • Add GitHub#create_user to create a user.
    • Add User#impersonate to create an impersonation token by an admin for a particular user.
    • Add User#revoke_impersonation to revoke all impersonation tokens for a user.
    • Add User#promote to promote a particular user to a site administrator.
    • Add User#demote to demote a site administrator to a simple user.
    • Add User#suspend to suspend a user’s account.
    • Add User#unsuspend to reinstate a user’s account.
  • Add original_content attribute to a GistFile

  • Add GistFile#content to retrieve the contents of a file in a gist from the API.

  • Add support for the alpha bulk issue import API

  • You can now download a file in a pull request to a file on disk.

  • You can retrieve the contents of the file in a pull request as bytes.

  • Add id attribute to github3.repos.milestone.Milestone.

  • Add support for sort, direction, and since parameters to the comments method on github3.issues.Issue.

  • Add branch argument to update and delete methods on github3.repos.contents.Contents.

  • Add permissions attribute to github3.repos.repo.Repository object to retrieve the permissions for a specific repository.

  • Allow a deployment to be retrieved by its id.

  • Add the delete method to the github3.repos.release.Asset class.

Bugs Fixed

  • Fix the dependencies and requirements. In 1.0.0a3 we moved to using the setup.cfg file to define optional dependencies for wheels. By doing so we accidentally left out our actual hard dependencies.
  • The context parameter to Repository#create_status now properly defaults to "default".
  • Fix AttributeError when IssueEvent has assignee.
  • Correctly set the message attribute on RepoCommit instances.
  • Include browser_download_url on Asset instances.
  • (Packaging related) Fix to use proper values for certain parameters.
  • Fix ValueError for Repository#create_file.
  • Pull request files can now be downloaded even when the repository is private.
  • Fix exception when merging a pull request with an empty commit message.
  • Add missing Issue events.
  • Coerce review comment positions to integers.

Deprecations and Other Changes

  • Deprecate Organization#events in favor of Organization#public_events.
  • Fix test failtures on windows caused by unclosed file handles. get a combined view of commit statuses for a given ref.
  • The refresh method will eventually stop updating the instance in place and instead only return new instances of objects.

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