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mh-z19 CO2 concentration sensor library for All models of Raspberry Pi

Project description

mh-z19

Read CO2 concentration from mh-z19 sensor

MH-Z19

install

pip install mh-z19

installs

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how to use

Use as python script.

pi@raspberrypi:~/mh-z19/pypi $ sudo python -m mh_z19
{'co2': 500}

Import module and call read()

pi@raspberrypi:~/mh-z19/pypi $ sudo python
Python 2.7.13 (default, Nov 24 2017, 17:33:09) 
[GCC 6.3.0 20170516] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import mh_z19
>>> mh_z19.read()
{'co2': 477}
>>> 

The sudo might be necessary because mh_z19 module use Serial.

The differences of the interface between each Raspberry Pi model are resolved inside this module. For example, serial device name is difference between Raspberry Pi 3 and older model, but mh-z19 module automatically detect the model and read from appropriate serial device.

To use mh-z19, once you need to set up enabling serial port device on the Raspberry Pi. Following Wiki page might be informative.

cabling

Connect RPi & mh-z19 as:

  • 5V on RPi and Vin on mh-z19
  • GND(0v) on RPi and GND on mh-z19
  • TxD and RxD are connected to cross between RPi and mh-z18

Followings are example of cabling, but you can free to use other 5v and 0v Pin on the RPi.

Cabling

pi@raspberrypi:~/mh-z19 $ gpio readall
 +-----+-----+---------+------+---+---Pi B+--+---+------+---------+-----+-----+
 | BCM | wPi |   Name  | Mode | V | Physical | V | Mode | Name    | wPi | BCM |
 +-----+-----+---------+------+---+----++----+---+------+---------+-----+-----+
 |     |     |    3.3v |      |   |  1 || 2  |   |      | 5v      |     |     |
 |   2 |   8 |   SDA.1 |   IN | 1 |  3 || 4  |   |      | 5v      |     |     |  <---- Vin
 |   3 |   9 |   SCL.1 |   IN | 1 |  5 || 6  |   |      | 0v      |     |     |  <---- Gnd
 |   4 |   7 | GPIO. 7 |   IN | 1 |  7 || 8  | 1 | ALT0 | TxD     | 15  | 14  |  <---- RxD
 |     |     |      0v |      |   |  9 || 10 | 1 | ALT0 | RxD     | 16  | 15  |  <---- TxD
 |  17 |   0 | GPIO. 0 |   IN | 0 | 11 || 12 | 0 | IN   | GPIO. 1 | 1   | 18  |
 |  27 |   2 | GPIO. 2 |   IN | 0 | 13 || 14 |   |      | 0v      |     |     |
 |  22 |   3 | GPIO. 3 |   IN | 0 | 15 || 16 | 0 | IN   | GPIO. 4 | 4   | 23  |
 |     |     |    3.3v |      |   | 17 || 18 | 0 | IN   | GPIO. 5 | 5   | 24  |
 |  10 |  12 |    MOSI |   IN | 0 | 19 || 20 |   |      | 0v      |     |     |
 |   9 |  13 |    MISO |   IN | 0 | 21 || 22 | 0 | IN   | GPIO. 6 | 6   | 25  |
 |  11 |  14 |    SCLK |   IN | 0 | 23 || 24 | 1 | IN   | CE0     | 10  | 8   |
 |     |     |      0v |      |   | 25 || 26 | 1 | IN   | CE1     | 11  | 7   |
 |   0 |  30 |   SDA.0 |   IN | 1 | 27 || 28 | 1 | IN   | SCL.0   | 31  | 1   |
 |   5 |  21 | GPIO.21 |   IN | 1 | 29 || 30 |   |      | 0v      |     |     |
 |   6 |  22 | GPIO.22 |   IN | 1 | 31 || 32 | 0 | IN   | GPIO.26 | 26  | 12  |
 |  13 |  23 | GPIO.23 |   IN | 0 | 33 || 34 |   |      | 0v      |     |     |
 |  19 |  24 | GPIO.24 |   IN | 0 | 35 || 36 | 0 | IN   | GPIO.27 | 27  | 16  |
 |  26 |  25 | GPIO.25 |   IN | 0 | 37 || 38 | 0 | IN   | GPIO.28 | 28  | 20  |
 |     |     |      0v |      |   | 39 || 40 | 0 | IN   | GPIO.29 | 29  | 21  |
 +-----+-----+---------+------+---+----++----+---+------+---------+-----+-----+
 | BCM | wPi |   Name  | Mode | V | Physical | V | Mode | Name    | wPi | BCM |
 +-----+-----+---------+------+---+---Pi B+--+---+------+---------+-----+-----+

Watch CO2 concentration on your browser

MONITOR™ is a free Remote Monitoring Service to show latest data on the web. You can see the current CO2 concentration value measured by your MH-Z19 device on your smartphone. For detail, please refer this blog.

Calibration, Detection range settings, and ABC(Automatic Baseline Correction) logic on/off.

Features about calibration (both MH-Z19 & MH-Z19B), detection range change (MH-Z19B) and ABC logic on/off(MH-Z19B) are implemented at version 0.2.1 or later.

I'm afraid I've just only implemented these without test due to lack necessary devices and apparatus for the test, fx: standard concentration CO2 gas, also MH-Z19B module. If you have these devices or apparatus and try to use these functions generously, I'm really appreciate your issue report regardless result were positive or negative.

For detail please refer this wiki.

Undocumented response values of 0x86 command.

The Revspace/MHZ19 shows values undocumented on the official datasheets(MH-Z19, MH-Z19B). In accordance with this, --all option add these values in the return json value as follows:

sudo python -m mh_z19 --all
{"SS": 232, "UhUl": 10752, "TT": 61, "co2": 818, "temperature": 21}

sudo python3 -m mh_z19 --all
{"TT": 61, "co2": 807, "SS": 232, "temperature": 21, "UhUl": 10752}

or call read_all() function as follows:

>>> import mh_z19
>>> mh_z19.read_all()
{'SS': 232, 'UhUl': 10738, 'TT': 61, 'co2': 734, 'temperature': 21}
>>> 

Despite, I think the TT value might NOT be related to the ambient temperature, but also this might be an internal thermal sensor value which is pair with a infrared heater they are necessary for measuring CO2 concentration by NDIR (Non-dispersive Infrared) method.

So, returned temperature value might not match with real temperature. Please refer detail about my argument as Is the undocumented TT value on the responses of command 0x86 really related to the ambient temperature?.

Q&A

Any questions, suggestions, reports are welcome! Please make issue without hesitation!

history

  • 0.1.1 2018.11.05 first version self-forked from slider.
  • 0.1.3 2018.11.06 fix Readme.
  • 0.1.4 2018.11.15 revise Readme.
  • 0.1.6 2018.11.29 revise Readme.
  • 0.2.1 2019.01.18 add followings without test (sorry) abc_on(), abc_off(), span_point_calibration(), xero_point_calibration(), detection_range_5000(), detection_range_2000(), checksum()
  • 0.3.5 2019.01.22 Both Python2 & Python3 support
  • 0.3.6 2019.01.22 Merge Pull Request #3 & Pull Request #4. Thanks David!
  • 0.3.7 2019.02.25 Add --all option which requested as issue#5, thanks Rafał!
  • 0.3.8 2019.04.16 Merge Pull Request #7. Thanks Alexander!
  • 0.3.8.5 2019.04.21 Merge Pull Request #9. Thanks WO15!
  • 0.3.9 2019.05.06 Revise the serial port selection logic. Support using PL011 uart on Raspberry Pi Model 3 and Zero W which is selected by setting dtoverlay=pi3-miniuart-bt or dtoverlay=pi3-disable-bt. Thanks 片岡さん for your kindly report including this issue!

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