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A `set` subclass providing fuzzy search based on N-grams.

Project Description

The NGram class extends the Python ‘set’ class with efficient fuzzy search for members by means of an N-gram similarity measure. It also has static methods to compare a pair of strings.

The N-grams are character based not word-based, and the class does not implement a language model, merely searching for members by string similarity.

The documentation, tutorial and release notes are on the PyPI package documentation site. Please use the GitHub issue tracker to report issues.


Install python-ngram from PyPI using pip installer:

pip install ngram

It should run on Python 2.6, Python 2.7 and Python 3.2

How does it work?

The set stores arbitrary items, but for non-string items a key function (such as str) must be specified to provide a string represenation. The key function can also be used to normalise string items (e.g. lower-casing) prior to N-gram indexing.

To index a string it pads the string with a specified dummy character, then splits it into overlapping substrings of N (default N=3) characters in length and associates each N-gram to the items that use it.

To find items similar to a query string, it splits the query into N-grams, collects all items sharing at least one N-gram with the query, and ranks the items by score based on the ratio of shared to unshared N-grams between strings.


In 2007, Michel Albert (exhuma) wrote the python-ngram module based on Perl’s String::Trigram module by Tarek Ahmed, and committed the code for 2.0.0b2 to a now-disused Sourceforge subversion repo.

Since late 2008, Graham Poulter has maintained python-ngram, initially refactoring it to build on the set class, and also adding features, documentation, tests, performance improvements and Python 3 support.

Primary development takes place on GitHub, but changes are also pushed to the earlier repo on Google Code.

Release History

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