Python Wrappers for NI Vision and IMAQdx
NI Vision is a National Instruments image/vision processing library. It is available for multiple platforms including Windows and the CompactRIO. This project makes the functionality of NI Vision available in the Python programming language.
Read a JPEG file and print its dimensions (width and height):
import nivision img = nivision.imaqCreateImage(nivision.IMAQ_IMAGE_RGB) nivision.Priv_ReadJPEGString(img, open('example.jpg', 'rb').read()) print(nivision.imaqGetImageSize(img))
An installed and licensed version of NI Vision. Only the 2011 version has been tested.
The wrappers currently require ctypes, so this library is currently not usable on platforms that don’t have ctypes. Unfortunately this includes RobotPy as of this writing, but this is being worked on.
The wrappers have only been tested on Python 3.x.
On the robot, this will be installed automatically as of RobotPy 2015.0.1. Otherwise, you can install it via pip:
pip install pynivision
Run install.bat or python setup.py install.
The “NI Vision for LabWindows/CVI Function Reference” help file (NIVisionCVI.chm) is currently the best “complete” reference. However, the Python wrappers deviate from the C library in several important ways (see Features).
A few helper functions are provided due to the use of in/out parameters.
imaqDispose() is automatically called when the corresponding Python object is garbage collected for Image and all other structures/arrays returned by imaq functions. It is still ok to explicitly call imaqDispose() on these objects (but be careful, as the underlying object will be immediately freed even though the Python object is still accessible).
Most of the wrapper code is generated by the gen_wrap.py script. Hand-written Python code in ctypes_core_prefix.py and ctypes_core_suffix.py complements the automatically generated code. The gen_wrap.py script creates nivision/core.py which includes the contents of the prefix and suffix Python files.
The gen_wrap.py script reads an .ini file for Pythonic customizations to the wrappers such as automatic disposal and handling of sized values as arrays. The .ini file used is automatically determined by the nivision version in use (or can alternatively be specified on the command line).
As Priv_ReadJPEGString_C is not exported on current Windows distributions of nivissvc.dll, a custom implementation that uses GDI+ has been written in nivision/private.py and nivision/gdiplus.py.
Copyright © 2012 Peter Johnson.
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