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Gestures wrapper for iOS

Project description

gestures

Gestures wrapper for iOS

Gestures for the Pythonista iOS app

This is a convenience class for enabling gestures, including drag and drop support, in Pythonista UI applications. Main intent here has been to make them Python friendly, hiding all the Objective-C details.

Run the file on its own to see a demo of the supported gestures.

Demo image

Installation

Copy from GitHub, or

pip install pythonista-gestures

with stash.

Versions:

  • 1.2 - Adds drag and drop support.
  • 1.1 - Adds distance parameters to swipe gestures.
  • 1.0 - First version released to PyPi. Breaks backwards compatibility in syntax, adds multi-recognizer coordination, and removes force press support.

Usage

For example, do something when user swipes left on a Label:

import gestures

def swipe_handler(data):
    print(f‘I was swiped left, starting from {data.location}')
 
label = ui.Label()
gestures.swipe(label, swipe_handler, direction=gestures.LEFT)

Your handler method gets one data argument that always contains the attributes described below. Individual gestures may provide more information; see the API documentation for the methods used to add different gestures.

  • recognizer - (ObjC) recognizer object
  • view - (Pythonista) view that was gestured at
  • location - Location of the gesture as a ui.Point with x and y attributes
  • state - State of gesture recognition; one of gestures.POSSIBLE/BEGAN/RECOGNIZED/CHANGED/ENDED/CANCELLED/FAILED
  • began, changed, ended, failed - convenience boolean properties to check for these states
  • number_of_touches - Number of touches recognized

For continuous gestures, check for data.began or data.ended in the handler if you are just interested that a pinch or a force press happened.

All of the gesture-adding methods return an object that can be used to remove or disable the gesture as needed, see the API. You can also remove all gestures from a view with remove_all_gestures(view).

Drag and drop

This module supports dragging and dropping both within a Pythonista app and between Pythonista and another app (only possible on iPads). These two cases are handled differently:

  • For in-app drops, Apple method of relaying objects is skipped completely, and you can refer to any Python object to be dropped to the target view.
  • For cross-app drops, we have to conform to Apple method of managing data. Currently only plain text and image drops are supported, in either direction.
  • It is also good to note that ui.TextField and ui.TextView views natively act as receivers for both in-app and cross-app plain text drag and drop.

View is set to be a sender for a drap and drop operation with the drag function. Drag starts with a long press, and can end in any view that has been set as a receiver with the drop function. Views show the readiness to receive data with a green "plus" sign. You can accept only specific types of data; incompatible drop targets show a grey "forbidden" sign.

Following example covers setting up an in-app drag and drop operation between two labels. To repeat, in the in-app case, the simple string could replaced by any Python object of any complexity, passed by reference:

drag(sender_label, "Important data")

drop(receiver_label,
    lambda data, sender, receiver: setattr(receiver, 'text', data),
    accept=str)

See the documentation for the two functions for details.

Fine-tuning gesture recognition

By default only one gesture recognizer will be successful. You can prioritize one over the other by using the before method of the returned object. For example, the following ensures that the swipe always has a chance to happen first:

panner = pan(view, pan_handler)
swiper = swipe(view, swipe_handler, direction=RIGHT)
swiper.before(panner)

(For your convenience, there is also a similar after method.)

You can also allow gestures to be recognized simultaneously using the together_with method. For example, the following enables simultaneous panning and zooming (pinching):

panner = pan(view, pan_handler)
pincher = pinch(view, pinch_handler)
panner.together_with(pincher)

Using lambdas

If there in existing method that you just want to trigger with a gesture, often you do not need to create an extra handler function. This works best with the discrete tap and swipe gestures where we do not need to worry with the state of the gesture.

tap(label, lambda _: setattr(label, 'text', 'Tapped'))

The example below triggers some kind of a database refresh when a long press is detected on a button. Anything more complicated than this is probably worth creating a separate function.

long_press(button, lambda data: db.refresh() if data.began else None)

Pythonista app-closing gesture

When you use the hide_title_bar=True attribute with present, you close the app with the 2-finger-swipe-down gesture. This gesture can be disabled with:

gestures.disable_swipe_to_close(view)

where the view must be the one you present.

You can also replace the close gesture with another, by providing the "magic" close string as the gesture handler. For example, if you feel that tapping with two thumbs is more convenient in two-handed phone use:

gestures.tap(view, 'close', number_of_touches_required=2)

Other details

  • Adding a gesture to a view automatically sets touch_enabled=True for that view, to avoid counter-intuitive situations where adding a gesture recognizer to e.g. ui.Label produces no results.
  • It can be hard to add gestures to ui.ScrollView, ui.TextView and the like, because they have complex multi-view structures and gestures already in place.

API

Functions

GESTURES

tap(view, action,number_of_taps_required=None, number_of_touches_required=None)

Call action when a tap gesture is recognized for the view.

Additional parameters:

  • number_of_taps_required - Set if more than one tap is required for the gesture to be recognized.
  • number_of_touches_required - Set if more than one finger is required for the gesture to be recognized.

doubletap(view, action,number_of_touches_required=None)

Convenience method that calls tap with a 2-tap requirement.

long_press(view, action,number_of_taps_required=None,number_of_touches_required=None,minimum_press_duration=None,allowable_movement=None)

Call action when a long press gesture is recognized for the view. Note that this is a continuous gesture; you might want to check for data.changed or data.ended to get the desired results.

Additional parameters:

  • number_of_taps_required - Set if more than one tap is required for the gesture to be recognized.
  • number_of_touches_required - Set if more than one finger is required for the gesture to be recognized.
  • minimum_press_duration - Set to change the default 0.5-second recognition treshold.
  • allowable_movement - Set to change the default 10 point maximum distance allowed for the gesture to be recognized.

pan(view, action,minimum_number_of_touches=None,maximum_number_of_touches=None)

Call action when a pan gesture is recognized for the view. This is a continuous gesture.

Additional parameters:

  • minimum_number_of_touches - Set to control the gesture recognition.
  • maximum_number_of_touches - Set to control the gesture recognition.

Handler action receives the following gesture-specific attributes in the data argument:

  • translation - Translation from the starting point of the gesture as a ui.Point with x and y attributes.
  • velocity - Current velocity of the pan gesture as points per second (a ui.Point with x and y attributes).

edge_pan(view, action, edges)

Call action when a pan gesture starting from the edge is recognized for the view. This is a continuous gesture.

edges must be set to one of gestures.EDGE_NONE/EDGE_TOP/EDGE_LEFT/EDGE_BOTTOM/EDGE_RIGHT /EDGE_ALL. If you want to recognize pans from different edges, you have to set up separate recognizers with separate calls to this method.

Handler action receives the same gesture-specific attributes in the data argument as pan gestures, see pan.

pinch(view, action)

Call action when a pinch gesture is recognized for the view. This is a continuous gesture.

Handler action receives the following gesture-specific attributes in the data argument:

  • scale - Relative to the distance of the fingers as opposed to when the touch first started.
  • velocity - Current velocity of the pinch gesture as scale per second.

rotation(view, action)

Call action when a rotation gesture is recognized for the view. This is a continuous gesture.

Handler action receives the following gesture-specific attributes in the data argument:

  • rotation - Rotation in radians, relative to the position of the fingers when the touch first started.
  • velocity - Current velocity of the rotation gesture as radians per second.

swipe(view, action,direction=None,number_of_touches_required=None,min_distance=None,max_distance=None)

Call action when a swipe gesture is recognized for the view.

Additional parameters:

  • direction - Direction of the swipe to be recognized. Either one of gestures.RIGHT/LEFT/UP/DOWN, or a list of multiple directions.
  • number_of_touches_required - Set if you need to change the minimum number of touches required.
  • min_distance - Minimum distance the swipe gesture must travel in order to be recognized. Default is 50. This uses an undocumented recognizer attribute.
  • max_distance - Maximum distance the swipe gesture can travel in order to still be recognized. Default is a very large number. This uses an undocumented recognizer attribute.

If set to recognize swipes to multiple directions, the handler does not receive any indication of the direction of the swipe. Add multiple recognizers if you need to differentiate between the directions.

GESTURE MANAGEMENT

disable(handler)

Disable a recognizer temporarily.

enable(handler)

Enable a disabled gesture recognizer. There is no error if the recognizer is already enabled.

remove(view, handler)

Remove the recognizer from the view permanently.

remove_all_gestures(view)

Remove all gesture recognizers from a view.

disable_swipe_to_close(view)

Utility class method that will disable the two-finger-swipe-down gesture used in Pythonista to end the program when in full screen view (hide_title_bar set to True).

Returns a tuple of the actual ObjC view and dismiss target.

replace_close_gesture(view, recognizer_class)

DRAG AND DROP

drag(view, payload, allow_others=False)

Sets the view to be the sender in a drag and drop operation. Dragging starts with a long press.

For within-app drag and drop, payload can be anything, and it is passed by reference.

If the payload is a text string or a ui.Image, it can be dragged (copied) to another app (on iPad). There is also built-in support for dropping text to any ui.TextField or ui.TextView.

If payload is a function, it is called at the time when the drag starts. The function receives one argument, the sending view, and must return the data to be dragged.

Additional parameters:

  • allow_others - Set to True if other gestures attached to the view should be prioritized over the dragging.

drop(view, action, accept=None)

Sets the view as a drop target, calling the action function with dropped data.

Additional parameters:

  • accept - Control which data will be accepted for dropping. Simplest option is to provide an accepted Python type like dict or ui.Label.

    For cross-app drops, only two types are currently supported: str for plain text, and ui.Image for images.

    For in-app drops, the accept argument can also be a function that will be called when a drag enters the view. Function gets same parameters as the main handler, and should return False if the view should not accept the drop.

action function has to have this signature:

  def handle_drop(data, sender, receiver):
      ...

Arguments of the action function are:

  • data - The dragged data.
  • sender - Source view of the drag and drop. This is None for drags between apps.
  • receiver - Same as view.

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