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Render Eliot logs as an ASCII tree

Project description

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Render Eliot logs as an ASCII tree.

This output:

https://github.com/jonathanj/eliottree/raw/master/doc/example_eliot_log.png

(or as text)

$ eliot-tree eliot.log
f3a32bb3-ea6b-457c-aa99-08a3d0491ab4
└── app:soap:client:request/1 ⇒ started 2015-03-03 04:28:56 ⧖ 1.238s
    ├── dump: /home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425356936.28_Client_req.xml
    ├── soapAction: a_soap_action
    ├── uri: http://example.org/soap
    ├── app:soap:client:success/2/1 ⇒ started 2015-03-03 04:28:57 ⧖ 0.000s
    │   └── app:soap:client:success/2/2 ⇒ succeeded 2015-03-03 04:28:57
    │       └── dump: /home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425356937.52_Client_res.xml
    └── app:soap:client:request/3 ⇒ succeeded 2015-03-03 04:28:57
        └── status: 200

 89a56df5-d808-4a7c-8526-e603aae2e2f2
 └── app:soap:service:request/1 ⇒ started 2015-03-03 04:31:08 ⧖ 3.482s
     ├── dump: /home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425357068.03_Service_req.xml
     ├── soapAction: method
     ├── uri: /endpoints/soap/method
     ├── app:soap:service:success/2/1 ⇒ started 2015-03-03 04:31:11 ⧖ 0.001s
     │   └── app:soap:service:success/2/2 ⇒ succeeded 2015-03-03 04:31:11
     │       └── dump: /home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425357071.51_Service_res.xml
     └── app:soap:service:request/3 ⇒ succeeded 2015-03-03 04:31:11
         └── status: 200

was generated from:

{"dump": "/home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425356936.28_Client_req.xml", "timestamp": 1425356936.278875, "uri": "http://example.org/soap", "action_status": "started", "task_uuid": "f3a32bb3-ea6b-457c-aa99-08a3d0491ab4", "action_type": "app:soap:client:request", "soapAction": "a_soap_action", "task_level": [1]}
{"timestamp": 1425356937.516579, "task_uuid": "f3a32bb3-ea6b-457c-aa99-08a3d0491ab4", "action_type": "app:soap:client:success", "action_status": "started", "task_level": [2, 1]}
{"task_uuid": "f3a32bb3-ea6b-457c-aa99-08a3d0491ab4", "action_type": "app:soap:client:success", "dump": "/home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425356937.52_Client_res.xml", "timestamp": 1425356937.517077, "action_status": "succeeded", "task_level": [2, 2]}
{"status": 200, "task_uuid": "f3a32bb3-ea6b-457c-aa99-08a3d0491ab4", "task_level": [3], "action_type": "app:soap:client:request", "timestamp": 1425356937.517161, "action_status": "succeeded"}
{"dump": "/home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425357068.03_Service_req.xml", "timestamp": 1425357068.032091, "uri": "/endpoints/soap/method", "action_status": "started", "task_uuid": "89a56df5-d808-4a7c-8526-e603aae2e2f2", "action_type": "app:soap:service:request", "soapAction": "method", "task_level": [1]}
{"timestamp": 1425357071.51233, "task_uuid": "89a56df5-d808-4a7c-8526-e603aae2e2f2", "action_type": "app:soap:service:success", "action_status": "started", "task_level": [2, 1]}
{"task_uuid": "89a56df5-d808-4a7c-8526-e603aae2e2f2", "action_type": "app:soap:service:success", "dump": "/home/user/dump_files/20150303/1425357071.51_Service_res.xml", "timestamp": 1425357071.513453, "action_status": "succeeded", "task_level": [2, 2]}
{"status": 200, "task_uuid": "89a56df5-d808-4a7c-8526-e603aae2e2f2", "task_level": [3], "action_type": "app:soap:service:request", "timestamp": 1425357071.513992, "action_status": "succeeded"}

Command-line options

Consult the output of eliot-tree --help to see a complete list of command-line options.

Streaming

It’s possible to pipe data into eliot-tree, from a tailed log for example, and have it rendered incrementally. There is a caveat though: Trees are only rendered once an end message—a success or failure status—for the tree’s root action appears in the data.

Selecting / filtering tasks

By task UUID

Entire task trees can be selected by UUID with the --task-uuid (-u) command-line option.

By start / end date

Individual tasks can be selected based on their timestamp, use --start to select tasks after an ISO8601 date-time, and --end to select tasks before an ISO8601 date-time.

By custom query

Custom task selection can be done with the --select command-line option, the syntax of which is JMESPath, and is applied to the original Eliot JSON structures. Any data that appears within an Eliot task structure can be queried. Only the matching tasks (and all of their children) will be displayed, the parents of the task structure (by task_uuid) will be elided.

An important thing to note is that the query should be used as a predicate (it should describe a boolean condition), not to narrow a JSON data structure, as many of the examples on the JMESPath site illustrate. The reason for this is that Eliot tasks are not stored as one large nested JSON structure, they are instead many small structures that are linked together by metadata (task_uuid), which is not a structure than JMESPath is ideally equipped to query.

The --select argument can be supplied multiple times to mimic logical AND, that is all --select predicates must pass in order for a task or node to be selected.

Examples

Select all tasks that contain a uri key, regardless of its value:

--select 'uri'

Select all Eliot action tasks of type http_client:request:

--select 'action_type == `"http_client:request"`'

Backquotes are used to represent raw JSON values in JMESPath, `500` is the number 500, `"500"` is the string “500”.

Select all tasks that have an http_status of 401 or 500:

--select 'contains(`[401, 500]`, status)'

Select all tasks that have an http_status of 401 that were also made to a uri containing the text /criticalEndpoint:

--select 'http_status == `401`' \
--select 'uri && contains(uri, `"/criticalEndpoint"`)'

Here --select is passed twice to mimic a logic AND condition, it is also possible to use the JMESPath && operator. There is also a test for the existence of the uri key to guard against calling the contains() function with a null subject.

See the JMESPath specification for more information.

Programmatic usage

import json, sys
from eliottree import tasks_from_iterable, render_tasks
# Or `codecs.getwriter('utf-8')(sys.stdout).write` on Python 2.
render_tasks(sys.stdout.write, tasks, colorize=True)

See help(render_tasks) and help(tasks_from_iterable) from a Python REPL for more information.

Configuration

Command-line options may have custom defaults specified by way of a config file. The config file can be passed with the --config argument, or will be read from ~/.config/eliot-tree/config.json. See config.example.json for an example.

Use the --show-default-config command-line option to display the default configuration, suitable for redirecting to a file. Use the --show-current-config command-line option to display the current effective configuration.

Theme overrides

Theme colors can be overridden via the theme_overrides key in the config file. The value of this key is itself a JSON object, each key is the name of a theme color and each value is a JSON list. This list should contain three values:

  1. Foreground color, terminal color name or code; or null for the default color.
  2. Background color, terminal color name or code; or null for the default color.
  3. An optional array of color attribute names or codes; or null for the default attribute.

For example, to override the root theme color to be bold magenta, and the prop theme color to be red:

{
  "theme_overrides": {
    "root": ["magenta", null, ["bold"]],
    "prop_key": ["red"]
  }
}

See _theme.py for theme color names and the colored Python package for available color and attribute constants.

Contribute

See <https://github.com/jonathanj/eliottree> for details.

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