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Python binding for cvodes from the sundials library.

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pycvodes provides a Python binding to the Ordinary Differential Equation integration routines from cvodes in the SUNDIALS suite. pycvodes allows a user to numerically integrate (systems of) differential equations. Note that routines for sensitivity analysis is not yet exposed in this binding (which makes the functionality essentially the same as cvode).

The following multistep methods are available:

  • bdf: Backward differentiation formula (of order 1 to 5)

  • adams: implicit Adams method (order 1 to 12)

Note that bdf (as an implicit stepper) requires a user supplied callback for calculating the jacobian.

You may also want to know that you can use pycvodes from pyodesys which can e.g. derive the Jacobian analytically (using SymPy). Pyodesys also provides plotting functions, C++ code-generation and more.


Autogenerated API documentation for latest stable release is found here: (and the development version for the current master branch are found here:


Simplest way to install is to use the conda package manager and install the prebuilt binary from the Conda Forge channel. We recommend installing into a conda environment with only packages from Conda Forge:

$ conda create -n pycvodes -c conda-forge pycvodes pytest
$ conda activate pycvodes
(pycvodes)$ python -m pytest --pyargs pycvodes

tests should pass.

Manual installation

Binary distribution is available here:

Source distribution is available here:

When installing from source you can choose what lapack lib to link against by setting the environment variable PYCVODES_LAPACK, your choice can later be accessed from python:

>>> from pycvodes import config
>>> config['LAPACK']  # doctest: +SKIP

If you use pip to install pycvodes, note that prior to installing pycvodes, you will need to install sundials (pycvodes>=0.12.0 requires sundials>=5.1.0, pycvodes<0.12 requires sundials<5) and its development headers, with cvodes & lapack enabled


The classic van der Pol oscillator (see examples/

>>> import numpy as np
>>> from pycvodes import integrate_predefined  # also: integrate_adaptive
>>> mu = 1.0
>>> def f(t, y, dydt):
...     dydt[0] = y[1]
...     dydt[1] = -y[0] + mu*y[1]*(1 - y[0]**2)
>>> def j(t, y, Jmat, dfdt=None, fy=None):
...     Jmat[0, 0] = 0
...     Jmat[0, 1] = 1
...     Jmat[1, 0] = -1 - mu*2*y[1]*y[0]
...     Jmat[1, 1] = mu*(1 - y[0]**2)
...     if dfdt is not None:
...         dfdt[:] = 0
>>> y0 = [1, 0]; dt0=1e-8; t0=0.0; atol=1e-8; rtol=1e-8
>>> tout = np.linspace(0, 10.0, 200)
>>> yout, info = integrate_predefined(f, j, y0, tout, atol, rtol, dt0,
...                                   method='bdf')
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> series = plt.plot(tout, yout)
>>>  # doctest: +SKIP

For more examples see examples/, and rendered jupyter notebooks here:


The source code is Open Source and is released under the simplified 2-clause BSD license. See LICENSE for further details.

Contributors are welcome to suggest improvements at


Björn I. Dahlgren, contact:

  • gmail address: bjodah

See file AUTHORS in root for a list of all authors.

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